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Showing 1 to 15 of 24 results Save | Export
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Pettersson, Ingemar – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The paper examines the introduction of the so-called professor's privilege in Sweden in the 1940s and shows how this legal principle for university patents emerged out of reforms of techno-science and the patent law around World War II. These political processes prompted questions concerning the nature and functions of university research: How is…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Foreign Countries, Intellectual Property, Science and Society
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Sejersen, Nadja; Hansen, Janus – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
This paper examines the potential pitfalls for academic research associated with goal displacements in the implementation of goals and indicators of research commercialization. We ask why patenting has come to serve as the key policy indicator of innovative capacity and what consequences this has for the organization of academic research. To…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Intellectual Property, Federal Legislation, Foreign Countries
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Sapir, Adi – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Research institutions and universities are positioned in a state of inherent struggle to reconcile the pressures and demands of the external environment with those of the scientific community. This paper is focused on one contested area, the division between basic and applied research, and explores how universities work to balance organizational…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Research, Universities, Scientists
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Laudel, Grit – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Early career researchers are faced with the expectation of their scientific communities to conduct independent research, which is reflected in the development of independent new research lines. This change must take place under conditions that vary between national career systems. Case studies for a chair system (Germany) and two tenure systems,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Career Development, Career Centers, Barriers
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Novotny, Adam – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Do academics who commercialize their inventions have a different professional character than those who do not? The author conducted a nationwide survey in Hungary including 1,562 academics of hard sciences from 14 universities. According to the cluster analysis based on their participation in research commercialization (RC), university scholars…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Faculty, Sciences, National Surveys
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Hammarfelt, Björn; de Rijcke, Sarah; Wouters, Paul – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Global university rankings have become increasingly important "calculative devices" for assessing the "quality" of higher education and research. Their ability to make characteristics of universities "calculable" is here exemplified by the first proper university ranking ever, produced as early as 1910 by the American…
Descriptors: Universities, Excellence in Education, Reputation, Educational Quality
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Thoenig, Jean-Claude; Paradeise, Catherine – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2016
Are universities able to operate as strategic actors? An organisational sociology based approach supported by a comparative field research project identifies three types of social, cultural and cognitive processes that play a decisive role in building and implementing local capabilities required to mobilise a strategic capacity. The paper…
Descriptors: Universities, Capacity Building, Strategic Planning, Institutional Characteristics
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Nguyen, Huong Thi Lan; Meek, Vincent Lynn – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2016
Structure and organization seems to be at the root of many of the questions raised about institutional behaviour; however, with respect to research on university capacity building, few studies have examined research organizational problems, particularly in developing countries. This study investigates academic reactions to the structure and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Universities, Educational Research, Research Problems
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Pansters, Wil G.; van Rinsum, Henk J. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2016
On the basis of ethnographic and historical material this article makes a comparative analysis of the relationship between public events, ceremonies and academic rituals, institutional identity, and processes of transition and power at two universities, one in Mexico and the other in South Africa. The public events examined here play a major role…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Educational Change, Power Structure
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Vanderstraeten, Raf – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2015
Talcott Parsons is often identified as the "master" of mid-twentieth-century social theory. In the 1960s and 1970s, however, his writings were hardly any longer discussed, but mostly neglected. "The American University" is Parsons's last monograph published during his lifetime. On the basis of extensive archival research, this…
Descriptors: Social Theories, Universities, Authors, Higher Education
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Vuolanto, Pia – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2015
The boundary work approach has been established as one of the main ways to study controversies in science. However, it has been proposed that it does not meet the power dynamics of the scientific field sufficiently. This article concentrates on the intertwining of boundary work and power. It combines the boundary work approach developed by Thomas…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Nursing Education, Nursing Students, Power Structure
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Kleinman, Daniel Lee; Osley-Thomas, Robert – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
In this paper, drawing on magazines read by US academic leaders, we explore the spread of commercial language into the world of higher education. We ask whether commercial codes are taken for granted, considered routine, and common sense in academic settings. We develop a multidimensional approach, considering two practices, strategic planning and…
Descriptors: Commercialization, Universities, Strategic Planning, Intellectual Property
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van Rooij, Arjan – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
Today universities are increasingly seen as motors of innovation: they not only need to provide trained manpower and publications to society, but also new products, new processes and new services that create firms, jobs, and economic growth. This function of universities is controversial, and a huge and still expanding literature has tried to…
Descriptors: Universities, Innovation, College Role, Entrepreneurship
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Tsvetkova, Natalia – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
This article discusses the history of American and Soviet transformations in German universities during the period of the Cold War, 1945-1990. Both American and Soviet policies were resisted by the university community, particularly by the conservative German professoriate, in both parts of the divided Germany. The article shows how and why both…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Universities, World History
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Baldini, Nicola; Fini, Riccardo; Grimaldi, Rosa; Sobrero, Maurizio – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
As universities are increasingly called by their national governments for a more entrepreneurial management of public research results, they started to develop internal structures and policies to take a proactive role in the commercialisation of university research. For the first time, this paper presents a detailed chronicle of how country-level…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Universities, Organizational Change, Intellectual Property
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