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Pielke, Roger; Linnér, Björn-Ola – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
This paper critiques the so-called "Green Revolution" as a political myth of averted famine. A "political myth," among other functions, reflects a narrative structure that characterizes understandings of causality between policy action and outcome. As such, the details of a particular political myth elevate certain policy…
Descriptors: Misconceptions, Natural Disasters, Criticism, Conservation (Environment)
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Bezuidenhout, Louise; Ratti, Emanuele; Warne, Nathaniel; Beeler, Dori – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Scientific epistemology is a topic that has sparked centuries of philosophical discourse. In particular, understanding the role that scientists play in the creation and perpetuation of scientific knowledge is a subject that continues to be hotly debated. A relative new-comer to scientific epistemology is the field of virtue epistemology, which…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Epistemology, Scientists, Personality Traits
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Johann, David; Mayer, Sabrina Jasmin – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
We extend previous research by systematically investigating whether perceptions of scientific authorship vary between domains. Employing regulations for authorship of scientific journals as well as the Scientists Survey 2016 conducted by the German Centre for Higher Education Research and Science Studies (DZHW), we provide a comprehensive picture…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Authors, Periodicals, Scientists
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Sapir, Adi – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Research institutions and universities are positioned in a state of inherent struggle to reconcile the pressures and demands of the external environment with those of the scientific community. This paper is focused on one contested area, the division between basic and applied research, and explores how universities work to balance organizational…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Research, Universities, Scientists
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Tao, Yu; Hong, Wei; Ma, Ying – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Gender differences in science and engineering (S&E) have been studied in various countries. Most of these studies find that women are underrepresented in the S&E workforce and publish less than their male peers. The factors that contribute to gender differences in experience and performance in S&E careers can vary from one country to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Writing for Publication, Productivity
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Håkansta, Carin; Jacob, Merle – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2016
This paper investigates the impact of changing science policy doctrines on the development of an academic field, working life research. Working life research is an interdisciplinary field of study in which researchers and stakeholders collaborated to produce relevant knowledge. The development of the field, we argue, was both facilitated and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Educational Research, Interdisciplinary Approach
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Lewis, Jamie; Bartlett, Andrew; Atkinson, Paul – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2016
Bioinformatics--the so-called shotgun marriage between biology and computer science--is an interdiscipline. Despite interdisciplinarity being seen as a virtue, for having the capacity to solve complex problems and foster innovation, it has the potential to place projects and people in anomalous categories. For example, valorised…
Descriptors: Biology, Computer Science, Information Science, Interdisciplinary Approach
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Bianco, Mariela; Gras, Natalia; Sutz, Judith – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2016
Research agendas and academic evaluation are inevitably linked. By means of economic incentives, promotion, research funding, and reputation academic evaluation is a powerful influence on the production of knowledge; moreover, it is often conceived as a universal instrument without consideration of the context in which it is applied. Evaluation…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Developing Nations, Research Needs, Educational Assessment
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Wagner, Caroline S.; Bornmann, Lutz; Leydesdorff, Loet – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2015
China's remarkable gains in science over the past 25 years have been well documented but it is less well known that China and the United States have become each other's top collaborating country. Science and technology has been a primary vehicle for growing the bilateral relationship between China and the United States since the opening of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, International Cooperation, Cooperative Programs, Sciences
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Weiss, Charles – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2012
Despite the ubiquity and critical importance of science and technology in international affairs, their role receives insufficient attention in traditional international relations curricula. There is little literature on how the relations between science, technology, economics, politics, law and culture should be taught in an international context.…
Descriptors: Expertise, Social Sciences, Natural Sciences, Liberal Arts
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Heidler, Richard – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
Scientific collaboration can only be understood along the epistemic and cognitive grounding of scientific disciplines. New scientific discoveries in astrophysics led to a major restructuring of the elite network of astrophysics. To study the interplay of the epistemic grounding and the social network structure of a discipline, a mixed-methods…
Descriptors: Network Analysis, Cooperation, Social Structure, Social Networks
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Kaataja, Sampsa – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
Regardless of the increased interest in technological innovation in universities, relatively little is known about the technology developed by academic scientists. Long-term analyses of researchers' technological contribution are notably missing. This paper examines university-based technology in Finland during the period 1900-85. The focus is on…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Scientists, Researchers, College Faculty
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Thune, Taran – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
Changes in knowledge production, increasing interaction between government, universities and industry, and changes in labor markets for doctoral degree holders are forces that have spurred a debate about the organization of doctoral education and the competencies graduates need to master to work as scientists and researchers in a triple helix…
Descriptors: Graduate Students, Doctoral Programs, Competence, Scientists
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Kodate, Naonori; Kodate, Kashiko; Kodate, Takako – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
The global community, from UNESCO to NGOs, is committed to promoting the status of women in science, engineering and technology, despite long-held prejudices and the lack of role models. Previously, when equality was not firmly established as a key issue on international or national agendas, women's colleges played a great role in mentoring female…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Mentors, Women Scientists, Foreign Countries
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Feuer, Michael J.; Maranto, Christina J. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
Since its founding in 1863, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) has occupied a special niche in the complex ecology of advice-giving in the United States. Established as a small, private organization with special responsibilities and obligations vis a vis the American people and government, the Academy has expanded considerably in the past…
Descriptors: Reflection, Scientific Research, Sciences, Engineering
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