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Samuel, Gabrielle; Derrick, Gemma E.; van Leeuwen, Thed – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
This paper examines the consequences of a culture of "personal ethics" when using new methodologies, such as the use of social media (SM) sites as a source of data for research. Using SM research as an example, this paper explores the practices of a number of actors and researchers within the "Ethics Ecosystem" which as a…
Descriptors: Ethics, Social Media, Information Sources, Networks
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Matthies, Hildegard; Torka, Marc – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Since the 1980s scholars have been increasingly confronted with expectations to orient themselves toward societal and economic priorities. This normative demand for societal responsiveness is inscribed in discourses aimed at increasing the usefulness, competitiveness, and control of academia. New performance criteria, funding conditions, and…
Descriptors: Organizational Change, College Faculty, Competition, Work Environment
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Skupien, Stefan – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Scientific collaboration between Northern and Southern researchers and development programs for research capacity-building have received new attention of practitioners and scholars during the last decades. This essay review takes four recent publications on North-South research cooperation and development politics as a starting point to ask for…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Researchers, International Cooperation, Research and Development
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Dabós, Marcelo P.; Gantman, Ernesto R.; Fernández Rodríguez, Carlos J. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
We analyze the prestige of 1,500 scholars in economics, sociology, and management who have Spanish and French institutional affiliations operationalized by their h-index in Scopus and Google Scholar. We use a negative binomial count model to examine how some individual factors affect the h-index from both databases. The results show a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reputation, Social Science Research, Economics
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Johann, David; Mayer, Sabrina Jasmin – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
We extend previous research by systematically investigating whether perceptions of scientific authorship vary between domains. Employing regulations for authorship of scientific journals as well as the Scientists Survey 2016 conducted by the German Centre for Higher Education Research and Science Studies (DZHW), we provide a comprehensive picture…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Authors, Periodicals, Scientists
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Laudel, Grit – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Early career researchers are faced with the expectation of their scientific communities to conduct independent research, which is reflected in the development of independent new research lines. This change must take place under conditions that vary between national career systems. Case studies for a chair system (Germany) and two tenure systems,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Career Development, Career Centers, Barriers
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Fochler, Maximilian; Felt, Ulrike; Müller, Ruth – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2016
There is a crisis of valuation practices in the current academic life sciences, triggered by unsustainable growth and "hyper-competition." Quantitative metrics in evaluating researchers are seen as replacing deeper considerations of the quality and novelty of work, as well as substantive care for the societal implications of research.…
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Scientific Research, Foreign Countries, Sustainability
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Youtie, Jan; Bozeman, Barry – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2016
Publishing is central to the academic reward system. Contributorship issues loom large in this context. The need for fairness in authorship decisions is upheld in most collaborations, yet some collaborations are plagued by "nightmare" issues ranging from inappropriate authorship credit to author order issues to exploitation of students…
Descriptors: Authors, Faculty Publishing, Cooperation, Researchers
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Olmos-Peñuela, Julia; Benneworth, Paul; Castro-Martínez, Elena – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2015
Ambiguity surrounding the effect of external engagement on academic research has raised questions about what motivates researchers to collaborate with third parties. We argue that what matters for society is research that can be absorbed by users. We define "openness" as a willingness by researchers to make research more usable by…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Researchers, Cooperation, Motivation
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Bloch, Carter; Graversen, Ebbe Krogh; Pedersen, Heidi Skovgaard – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
The role of competitive funds as a source of funding for academic research has increased in many countries. For the individual researcher, the receipt of a grant can influence both scientific production and career paths. This paper focuses on the importance of the receipt of a research grant for researchers' academic career paths utilizing a…
Descriptors: Grants, Research, Competition, Career Development
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Villanueva-Felez, Africa; Molas-Gallart, Jordi; Escribá-Esteve, Alejandro – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
The analysis of social networks has remained a crucial and yet understudied aspect of the efforts to measure Triple Helix linkages. The Triple Helix model aims to explain, among other aspects of knowledge-based societies, "the current research system in its social context" (Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff 2000:109). This paper develops a novel…
Descriptors: Social Networks, Research, Interprofessional Relationship, Researchers
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Whitley, Richard – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
Major changes in the governance of higher education and the public sciences have taken place over the past 40 or so years in many OECD countries. These have affected the nature of authority relationships governing research priorities and the evaluation of results. In particular, the increasing exogeneity, formalisation and substantive nature of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Sciences, Governance, Public Sector
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Cantwell, Brendan – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
This article draws upon concepts developed in recent empirical and theoretical work on high skilled and academic mobility and migration including accidental mobility, forced mobility and negotiated mobility. These concepts inform a situated, qualitative study of mobility among international postdoctoral researchers in life sciences and engineering…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Careers, Science Education, Qualitative Research
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Kaataja, Sampsa – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
Regardless of the increased interest in technological innovation in universities, relatively little is known about the technology developed by academic scientists. Long-term analyses of researchers' technological contribution are notably missing. This paper examines university-based technology in Finland during the period 1900-85. The focus is on…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Scientists, Researchers, College Faculty
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Hessels, Laurens K.; van Lente, Harro – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
In many Western science systems, funding structures increasingly stimulate academic research to contribute to practical applications, but at the same time the rise of bibliometric performance assessments have strengthened the pressure on academics to conduct excellent basic research that can be published in scholarly literature. We analyze the…
Descriptors: Biochemistry, Credibility, Foreign Countries, Chemistry
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