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Showing 1 to 15 of 99 results Save | Export
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Billi, Marco; Blanco, Gustavo; Urquiza, Anahí – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Over the last few decades climate change has been gaining importance in international scientific and political debates. However, the social sciences, especially in Latin America, have only lately become interested in the subject and their approach is still vague. Scientific understanding of global environmental change and the process of designing…
Descriptors: Climate, Scientific Research, Content Analysis, Political Attitudes
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Tavares, Orlanda; Sin, Cristina; Lança, Vasco – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
In Portugal, research productivity is nowadays essential for the positive assessment of academics, research units and study programmes. Academic inbreeding has been highlighted in the literature as one of the factors influencing research productivity. This paper tests the hypothesis that inbreeding is detrimental for research productivity,…
Descriptors: Doctoral Degrees, Productivity, Sociology, Citation Analysis
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Matthies, Hildegard; Torka, Marc – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Since the 1980s scholars have been increasingly confronted with expectations to orient themselves toward societal and economic priorities. This normative demand for societal responsiveness is inscribed in discourses aimed at increasing the usefulness, competitiveness, and control of academia. New performance criteria, funding conditions, and…
Descriptors: Organizational Change, College Faculty, Competition, Work Environment
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Johnes, Geraint – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
PIAAC data are used to evaluate the extent of overeducation in G7 countries. Incidence of overeducation is seen to vary systematically with a number of demographic characteristics. The impact of overeducation on remuneration is then estimated using quantile regression. This impact is observed to be minor, suggesting that while some individuals…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Educational Attainment, Overachievement, Foreign Countries
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Dabós, Marcelo P.; Gantman, Ernesto R.; Fernández Rodríguez, Carlos J. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
We analyze the prestige of 1,500 scholars in economics, sociology, and management who have Spanish and French institutional affiliations operationalized by their h-index in Scopus and Google Scholar. We use a negative binomial count model to examine how some individual factors affect the h-index from both databases. The results show a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reputation, Social Science Research, Economics
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Lindvig, Katrine; Hillersdal, Line – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
While interdisciplinarity is not a new concept, the political and discursive mobilisation of interdisciplinarity is. Since the 1990s, this movement has intensified, and this has affected central funding bodies so that interdisciplinarity is now a de facto requirement in successful grant application. As a result, the literature is ripe with…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Interdisciplinary Approach, Research, Higher Education
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Roumbanis, Lambros – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
It is widely recognized that universities all around Europe have taken on a more market-oriented approach that has changed the core of academic work life. This has led to a precarious situation for many junior scholars, who have to seek research funding to cover their own wages in an increasingly fierce competition over scarce resources. Thus, at…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Faculty, Beginning Teachers, Teacher Researchers
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Franssen, Thomas; Scholten, Wout; Hessels, Laurens K.; de Rijcke, Sarah – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
Over the past decades, science funding shows a shift from recurrent block funding towards project funding mechanisms. However, our knowledge of how project funding arrangements influence the organizational and epistemic properties of research is limited. To study this relation, a bridge between science policy studies and science studies is…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Innovation, Institutional Characteristics, Research Administration
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Harsh, Matthew; Bal, Ravtosh; Wetmore, Jameson; Zachary, G. Pascal; Holden, Kerry – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The emergence of vibrant research communities of computer scientists in Kenya and Uganda has occurred in the context of neoliberal privatization, commercialization, and transnational capital flows from donors and corporations. We explore how this funding environment configures research culture and research practices, which are conceptualized as…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Research Projects, Research Administration, Longitudinal Studies
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Torka, Marc – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
Funding is an important mechanism for exercising influence over ever more parts of academic systems. In order to do so, funding agencies attempt to export their functional and normative prerequisites for financing to new fields. One essential requirement for fundees is then to construct research processes in the form of a project beforehand, one…
Descriptors: Funding Formulas, Finance Reform, Doctoral Programs, Institutional Characteristics
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Whitley, Richard; Gläser, Jochen; Laudel, Grit – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The past three decades have witnessed a sharp reduction in the rate of growth of public research funding, and sometimes an actual decline in its level. In many countries, this decline has been accompanied by substantial changes in the ways that such funding has been allocated and monitored. In addition, the institutions governing how research is…
Descriptors: Innovation, Educational Research, Biology, Physics
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Serrano Velarde, Kathia – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
Although existing scholarship offers critical insights into the working mechanisms of project-based research funding, little is known about the actual practice of writing grant proposals. Our study seeks to add a longitudinal dimension to the ongoing debate on the implications of competitive research funding by focusing on the incremental…
Descriptors: Proposal Writing, Grantsmanship, Institutional Characteristics, Research Projects
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Sigl, Lisa; Leišyte, Liudvika – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The ways in which societies and institutions institutionalize and practice invention management reflects not only how new ideas are valued, but also imaginaries about the role of science and technology for societal development. Often taking the US Bayh-Dole-Act as a model, many European states have recently implemented changes in how inventions at…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Intellectual Property, Science and Society, Semantics
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Pettersson, Ingemar – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The paper examines the introduction of the so-called professor's privilege in Sweden in the 1940s and shows how this legal principle for university patents emerged out of reforms of techno-science and the patent law around World War II. These political processes prompted questions concerning the nature and functions of university research: How is…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Foreign Countries, Intellectual Property, Science and Society
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Beigel, Fernanda; Gallardo, Osvaldo; Bekerman, Fabiana – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The relationship between "marginal" and "mainstream" science has, in recent decades, become a matter of discussion. Traditional perspectives must be reexamined in the wake of transformations in the international circulation of knowledge and the subsequent diversification of scientific "peripherality". Argentina…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Foreign Countries, International Education, Professional Recognition
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