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Samuel, Gabrielle; Derrick, Gemma E.; van Leeuwen, Thed – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
This paper examines the consequences of a culture of "personal ethics" when using new methodologies, such as the use of social media (SM) sites as a source of data for research. Using SM research as an example, this paper explores the practices of a number of actors and researchers within the "Ethics Ecosystem" which as a…
Descriptors: Ethics, Social Media, Information Sources, Networks
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Matthies, Hildegard; Torka, Marc – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Since the 1980s scholars have been increasingly confronted with expectations to orient themselves toward societal and economic priorities. This normative demand for societal responsiveness is inscribed in discourses aimed at increasing the usefulness, competitiveness, and control of academia. New performance criteria, funding conditions, and…
Descriptors: Organizational Change, College Faculty, Competition, Work Environment
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Roumbanis, Lambros – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
It is widely recognized that universities all around Europe have taken on a more market-oriented approach that has changed the core of academic work life. This has led to a precarious situation for many junior scholars, who have to seek research funding to cover their own wages in an increasingly fierce competition over scarce resources. Thus, at…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Faculty, Beginning Teachers, Teacher Researchers
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Franssen, Thomas; Scholten, Wout; Hessels, Laurens K.; de Rijcke, Sarah – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
Over the past decades, science funding shows a shift from recurrent block funding towards project funding mechanisms. However, our knowledge of how project funding arrangements influence the organizational and epistemic properties of research is limited. To study this relation, a bridge between science policy studies and science studies is…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Innovation, Institutional Characteristics, Research Administration
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Harsh, Matthew; Bal, Ravtosh; Wetmore, Jameson; Zachary, G. Pascal; Holden, Kerry – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The emergence of vibrant research communities of computer scientists in Kenya and Uganda has occurred in the context of neoliberal privatization, commercialization, and transnational capital flows from donors and corporations. We explore how this funding environment configures research culture and research practices, which are conceptualized as…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Research Projects, Research Administration, Longitudinal Studies
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Whitley, Richard; Gläser, Jochen; Laudel, Grit – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The past three decades have witnessed a sharp reduction in the rate of growth of public research funding, and sometimes an actual decline in its level. In many countries, this decline has been accompanied by substantial changes in the ways that such funding has been allocated and monitored. In addition, the institutions governing how research is…
Descriptors: Innovation, Educational Research, Biology, Physics
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Sejersen, Nadja; Hansen, Janus – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
This paper examines the potential pitfalls for academic research associated with goal displacements in the implementation of goals and indicators of research commercialization. We ask why patenting has come to serve as the key policy indicator of innovative capacity and what consequences this has for the organization of academic research. To…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Intellectual Property, Federal Legislation, Foreign Countries
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Flink, Tim; Peter, Tobias – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
Excellence and frontier research have made inroads into European research policymaking and structure political agendas, funding programs and evaluation practices. The two concepts travelled a long way from the United States and have derived from contexts outside of science (and policy). Following their conceptual journey, we ask how excellence and…
Descriptors: Research, Political Issues, Financial Support, Evaluation Methods
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Laudel, Grit – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Early career researchers are faced with the expectation of their scientific communities to conduct independent research, which is reflected in the development of independent new research lines. This change must take place under conditions that vary between national career systems. Case studies for a chair system (Germany) and two tenure systems,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Career Development, Career Centers, Barriers
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Luukkonen, Terttu; Thomas, Duncan A. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2016
The paper introduces a concept of a "negotiated space" to describe university researchers' attempts to balance pragmatically, continually and dynamically over time, their own agency and autonomy in the selection of research topics and pursuit of scientific research to filter out the explicit steering and tacit signals of external…
Descriptors: Research Needs, Agenda Setting, Educational Researchers, Educational Research
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Logar, Nathaniel; Anadon, Laura Diaz; Narayanamurti, Venkatesh – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
In the study of innovation institutions, it is important to consider how different institutional models can affect a research organization in conducting or funding successful work. As an industry collaborative, Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC) provides an example of a privately funded institution that leverages the inputs of several member…
Descriptors: Innovation, Case Studies, Power Technology, School Business Relationship
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Bekerman, Fabiana – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
This study looks at some of the traits that characterized Argentina's scientific and university policies under the military regime that spanned from 1976 through 1983. To this end, it delves into a rarely explored empirical observation: financial resource transfers from national universities to the National Scientific and Technological Research…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Scientific Research, Foreign Countries, Financial Support
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Hrotic, Steven – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
The academy is widely reported to be going through a period of transformation: not just changes to what is taught, but threats to tenure and internal funding, perhaps balanced by new possibilities for external funding and interdisciplinary projects. This article discusses a recently conducted survey of US and Canadian Philosophy departments, in an…
Descriptors: Philosophy, Departments, Higher Education, Surveys