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Whitley, Richard; Gläser, Jochen; Laudel, Grit – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The past three decades have witnessed a sharp reduction in the rate of growth of public research funding, and sometimes an actual decline in its level. In many countries, this decline has been accompanied by substantial changes in the ways that such funding has been allocated and monitored. In addition, the institutions governing how research is…
Descriptors: Innovation, Educational Research, Biology, Physics
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Laudel, Grit – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Early career researchers are faced with the expectation of their scientific communities to conduct independent research, which is reflected in the development of independent new research lines. This change must take place under conditions that vary between national career systems. Case studies for a chair system (Germany) and two tenure systems,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Career Development, Career Centers, Barriers
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Novotny, Adam – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Do academics who commercialize their inventions have a different professional character than those who do not? The author conducted a nationwide survey in Hungary including 1,562 academics of hard sciences from 14 universities. According to the cluster analysis based on their participation in research commercialization (RC), university scholars…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Faculty, Sciences, National Surveys
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Watermeyer, Richard; Olssen, Mark – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2016
A performance-based funding system like the United Kingdom's "Research Excellence Framework" (REF) symbolizes the re-rationalization of higher education according to neoliberal ideology and New Public Management technologies. The REF is also significant for disclosing the kinds of behaviour that characterize universities' response to…
Descriptors: Neoliberalism, Funding Formulas, Higher Education, Institutional Characteristics
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Nguyen, Huong Thi Lan; Meek, Vincent Lynn – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2016
Structure and organization seems to be at the root of many of the questions raised about institutional behaviour; however, with respect to research on university capacity building, few studies have examined research organizational problems, particularly in developing countries. This study investigates academic reactions to the structure and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Universities, Educational Research, Research Problems
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Amanatidou, Effie; Cunningham, Paul; Gök, Abdullah; Garefi, Ioanna – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
Grand challenges stress the importance of multi-disciplinary research, a multi-actor approach in examining the current state of affairs and exploring possible solutions, multi-level governance and policy coordination across geographical boundaries and policy areas, and a policy environment for enabling change both in science and technology and in…
Descriptors: Evaluation Research, Policy Analysis, Institutional Mission, Educational Policy
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Tchalakov, Ivan; Mitev, Tihomir; Petrov, Venelin – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
The paper questions some of the premises in studying academic spin-offs in developed countries, claiming that when taken as characteristics of "academic spin-offs per se," they are of little help in understanding the phenomenon in the Eastern European countries during the transitional and post-transitional periods after 1989. It argues…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Developed Nations, Entrepreneurship, Educational History