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Pielke, Roger; Linnér, Björn-Ola – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
This paper critiques the so-called "Green Revolution" as a political myth of averted famine. A "political myth," among other functions, reflects a narrative structure that characterizes understandings of causality between policy action and outcome. As such, the details of a particular political myth elevate certain policy…
Descriptors: Misconceptions, Natural Disasters, Criticism, Conservation (Environment)
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Matthies, Hildegard; Torka, Marc – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Since the 1980s scholars have been increasingly confronted with expectations to orient themselves toward societal and economic priorities. This normative demand for societal responsiveness is inscribed in discourses aimed at increasing the usefulness, competitiveness, and control of academia. New performance criteria, funding conditions, and…
Descriptors: Organizational Change, College Faculty, Competition, Work Environment
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Skupien, Stefan – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Scientific collaboration between Northern and Southern researchers and development programs for research capacity-building have received new attention of practitioners and scholars during the last decades. This essay review takes four recent publications on North-South research cooperation and development politics as a starting point to ask for…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Researchers, International Cooperation, Research and Development
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Bezuidenhout, Louise; Ratti, Emanuele; Warne, Nathaniel; Beeler, Dori – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Scientific epistemology is a topic that has sparked centuries of philosophical discourse. In particular, understanding the role that scientists play in the creation and perpetuation of scientific knowledge is a subject that continues to be hotly debated. A relative new-comer to scientific epistemology is the field of virtue epistemology, which…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Epistemology, Scientists, Personality Traits
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Tobiason, Glory – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
This study investigates how uncertainty works in science policy debates by considering an unusual case: one in which uncertainty-based arguments for delay come from the scientific community, rather than industry actors. The case I present is the central use of value-added modeling (VAM) in the evaluation of individual teachers, a controversial…
Descriptors: Value Added Models, Teacher Evaluation, Rhetoric, Policy
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Sigl, Lisa; Leišyte, Liudvika – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The ways in which societies and institutions institutionalize and practice invention management reflects not only how new ideas are valued, but also imaginaries about the role of science and technology for societal development. Often taking the US Bayh-Dole-Act as a model, many European states have recently implemented changes in how inventions at…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Intellectual Property, Science and Society, Semantics
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Beigel, Fernanda; Gallardo, Osvaldo; Bekerman, Fabiana – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The relationship between "marginal" and "mainstream" science has, in recent decades, become a matter of discussion. Traditional perspectives must be reexamined in the wake of transformations in the international circulation of knowledge and the subsequent diversification of scientific "peripherality". Argentina…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Foreign Countries, International Education, Professional Recognition
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Madsen, Dorte – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
This paper unpacks ambiguities in the field of interdisciplinarity studies (IDS), explores where they come from and how they inhibit consolidation of the field. The paper takes its point of departure in two central fault lines in the literature: the relationship between interdisciplinarity and disciplinarity and the question of whether integration…
Descriptors: Interdisciplinary Approach, Epistemology, Politics, Educational Practices
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Flink, Tim; Peter, Tobias – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
Excellence and frontier research have made inroads into European research policymaking and structure political agendas, funding programs and evaluation practices. The two concepts travelled a long way from the United States and have derived from contexts outside of science (and policy). Following their conceptual journey, we ask how excellence and…
Descriptors: Research, Political Issues, Financial Support, Evaluation Methods
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Grundmann, Reiner – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
This paper puts forward a theoretical framework for the analysis of expertise and experts in contemporary societies. It argues that while prevailing approaches have come to see expertise in various forms and functions, they tend to neglect the broader historical and societal context, and importantly the relational aspect of expertise. This will be…
Descriptors: Expertise, Knowledge Level, Decision Making, Social Environment
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Sapir, Adi – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Research institutions and universities are positioned in a state of inherent struggle to reconcile the pressures and demands of the external environment with those of the scientific community. This paper is focused on one contested area, the division between basic and applied research, and explores how universities work to balance organizational…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Research, Universities, Scientists
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Powell, Justin J. W.; Dusdal, Jennifer – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Charting significant growth in science production over the 20th century in four European Union member states, this neo-institutional analysis describes the development and current state of universities and research institutes that bolster Europe's position as a key region in global science. On-going internationalization and Europeanization of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Scientific Research, Research Universities, Research and Development Centers
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Orthia, Lindy A. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2016
Since the mid-twentieth century, the 'Scientific Revolution' has arguably occupied centre stage in most Westerners', and many non-Westerners', conceptions of science history. Yet among history of science specialists that position has been profoundly contested. Most radically, historians Andrew Cunningham and Perry Williams in 1993 proposed to…
Descriptors: Science Education, Science History, Science Instruction, Intellectual History
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MacLeod, Roy – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2016
For over 50 years, "Minerva" has been one of the leading independent journals in the study of "science, learning and policy". Its pages have much to say about the origins and conduct of the "intellectual Cold War", the defence of academic freedom, the emergence of modernization theory, and pioneering strategies in the…
Descriptors: Periodicals, History, Editing, Science and Society
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Prieur, Annick; Jensen, Sune Qvotrup; Laursen, Julie; Pedersen, Oline – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2016
The article traces the origin and development of the concept of social skills in first and foremost American academic discourse. As soon as the concept of social skills was coined, the concern for people lacking such skills started and has been on the increase ever since (now sharing public attention with related concepts such as self-control,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Interpersonal Competence, Welfare Services, Social Development
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