ERIC Number: EJ1160774
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
The Scientific Research Output of U.S. Research Universities, 1980-2010: Continuing Dispersion, Increasing Concentration, or Stable Inequality?
Brint, Steven; Carr, Cynthia E.
Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, v55 n4 p435-457 Dec 2017
Extending and expanding Geiger and Feller's (1995) analysis of increasing dispersion in R&D expenditures during the 1980s, the paper analyzes publication and citation counts as well as R&D expenditures for 194 top producers using Web of Science data. We find high and stable levels of inequality in the 1990s and 2000s, combined with robust growth both in the system and on individual campuses, considerable opportunities for short-range mobility and very limited opportunities for long-range mobility. Initial investments in research, private control, and the capacity of wealthy institutions to attract productive faculty are associated with high levels of scientific output. New entrants to the system and those that leave the system are both clustered near the bottom of the hierarchy.
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Research Universities, Research and Development, Expenditures, Productivity, Investment, Citation Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States