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Vanderstraeten, Raf – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2015
Talcott Parsons is often identified as the "master" of mid-twentieth-century social theory. In the 1960s and 1970s, however, his writings were hardly any longer discussed, but mostly neglected. "The American University" is Parsons's last monograph published during his lifetime. On the basis of extensive archival research, this…
Descriptors: Social Theories, Universities, Authors, Higher Education
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Tsvetkova, Natalia – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
This article discusses the history of American and Soviet transformations in German universities during the period of the Cold War, 1945-1990. Both American and Soviet policies were resisted by the university community, particularly by the conservative German professoriate, in both parts of the divided Germany. The article shows how and why both…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Universities, World History
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Sá, Creso; Kretz, Andrew; Sigurdson, Kristjan – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
Our historical study of Canada's main research university illuminates the overlooked influence of national identities and interests as forces shaping the institutionalization of technology transfer. Through the use of archival sources we trace the rise and influence of Canadian technological nationalism--a response to Canada's perceived dependency…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Research Universities, Educational History, Technology Transfer
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Hrotic, Steven – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
The academy is widely reported to be going through a period of transformation: not just changes to what is taught, but threats to tenure and internal funding, perhaps balanced by new possibilities for external funding and interdisciplinary projects. This article discusses a recently conducted survey of US and Canadian Philosophy departments, in an…
Descriptors: Philosophy, Departments, Higher Education, Surveys
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Cantwell, Brendan – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
This article draws upon concepts developed in recent empirical and theoretical work on high skilled and academic mobility and migration including accidental mobility, forced mobility and negotiated mobility. These concepts inform a situated, qualitative study of mobility among international postdoctoral researchers in life sciences and engineering…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Careers, Science Education, Qualitative Research
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Johnston, Sean F. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2009
The nuclear engineer emerged as a new form of recognised technical professional between 1940 and the early 1960s as nuclear fission, the chain reaction and their applications were explored. The institutionalization of nuclear engineering--channelled into new national laboratories and corporate design offices during the decade after the war, and…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Higher Education, Science Education, Engineering
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Smith-Doerr, Laurel – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2008
Many graduate programmes in science now require courses in ethics. However, little is known about their reception or use. Using websites and interviews, this essay examines ethics requirements in the field of biosciences in three countries (the United States of America, the United Kingdom, and Italy) between 2000 and 2005. Evidence suggests that…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Scientists, Ethics, Ethical Instruction