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Roumbanis, Lambros – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
It is widely recognized that universities all around Europe have taken on a more market-oriented approach that has changed the core of academic work life. This has led to a precarious situation for many junior scholars, who have to seek research funding to cover their own wages in an increasingly fierce competition over scarce resources. Thus, at…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Faculty, Beginning Teachers, Teacher Researchers
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Whitley, Richard; Gläser, Jochen; Laudel, Grit – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The past three decades have witnessed a sharp reduction in the rate of growth of public research funding, and sometimes an actual decline in its level. In many countries, this decline has been accompanied by substantial changes in the ways that such funding has been allocated and monitored. In addition, the institutions governing how research is…
Descriptors: Innovation, Educational Research, Biology, Physics
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Pettersson, Ingemar – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The paper examines the introduction of the so-called professor's privilege in Sweden in the 1940s and shows how this legal principle for university patents emerged out of reforms of techno-science and the patent law around World War II. These political processes prompted questions concerning the nature and functions of university research: How is…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Foreign Countries, Intellectual Property, Science and Society
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Håkansta, Carin; Jacob, Merle – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2016
This paper investigates the impact of changing science policy doctrines on the development of an academic field, working life research. Working life research is an interdisciplinary field of study in which researchers and stakeholders collaborated to produce relevant knowledge. The development of the field, we argue, was both facilitated and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Educational Research, Interdisciplinary Approach
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Kaiserfeld, Thomas – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
By comparing three types of hybrid organizations--18th-century scientific academies, 19th-century institutions of higher vocational education, and 20th-century industrial research institutes--it is the purpose here to answer the question of why new hybrid organizations are continuously formed. Traditionally, and often implicitly, it is often…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Organizations (Groups), History
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Bragesjo, Fredrik; Elzinga, Aant; Kasperowski, Dick – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2012
The objective of this paper is to balance two major conceptual tendencies in science policy studies, continuity and discontinuity theory. While the latter argue for fundamental and distinct changes in science policy in the late 20th century, continuity theorists show how changes do occur but not as abrupt and fundamental as discontinuity theorists…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Scientific Research, Classification, Foreign Countries