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Johnes, Geraint – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
PIAAC data are used to evaluate the extent of overeducation in G7 countries. Incidence of overeducation is seen to vary systematically with a number of demographic characteristics. The impact of overeducation on remuneration is then estimated using quantile regression. This impact is observed to be minor, suggesting that while some individuals…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Educational Attainment, Overachievement, Foreign Countries
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Baldini, Nicola; Fini, Riccardo; Grimaldi, Rosa; Sobrero, Maurizio – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
As universities are increasingly called by their national governments for a more entrepreneurial management of public research results, they started to develop internal structures and policies to take a proactive role in the commercialisation of university research. For the first time, this paper presents a detailed chronicle of how country-level…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Universities, Organizational Change, Intellectual Property
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Coccia, Mario – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2009
The purpose of this paper is to analyse the nature of bureaucratization within public research bodies and its relationship to scientific performance, focusing on an Italian case-study. The main finding is that the bureaucratization of the research sector has two dimensions: public research labs have academic bureaucratization since researchers…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Researchers, Foreign Countries, Case Studies
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Smith-Doerr, Laurel – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2008
Many graduate programmes in science now require courses in ethics. However, little is known about their reception or use. Using websites and interviews, this essay examines ethics requirements in the field of biosciences in three countries (the United States of America, the United Kingdom, and Italy) between 2000 and 2005. Evidence suggests that…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Scientists, Ethics, Ethical Instruction