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Showing 1 to 15 of 132 results Save | Export
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Samuel, Gabrielle; Derrick, Gemma E.; van Leeuwen, Thed – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
This paper examines the consequences of a culture of "personal ethics" when using new methodologies, such as the use of social media (SM) sites as a source of data for research. Using SM research as an example, this paper explores the practices of a number of actors and researchers within the "Ethics Ecosystem" which as a…
Descriptors: Ethics, Social Media, Information Sources, Networks
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Pielke, Roger; Linnér, Björn-Ola – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
This paper critiques the so-called "Green Revolution" as a political myth of averted famine. A "political myth," among other functions, reflects a narrative structure that characterizes understandings of causality between policy action and outcome. As such, the details of a particular political myth elevate certain policy…
Descriptors: Misconceptions, Natural Disasters, Criticism, Conservation (Environment)
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Billi, Marco; Blanco, Gustavo; Urquiza, Anahí – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Over the last few decades climate change has been gaining importance in international scientific and political debates. However, the social sciences, especially in Latin America, have only lately become interested in the subject and their approach is still vague. Scientific understanding of global environmental change and the process of designing…
Descriptors: Climate, Scientific Research, Content Analysis, Political Attitudes
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Tavares, Orlanda; Sin, Cristina; Lança, Vasco – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
In Portugal, research productivity is nowadays essential for the positive assessment of academics, research units and study programmes. Academic inbreeding has been highlighted in the literature as one of the factors influencing research productivity. This paper tests the hypothesis that inbreeding is detrimental for research productivity,…
Descriptors: Doctoral Degrees, Productivity, Sociology, Citation Analysis
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Matthies, Hildegard; Torka, Marc – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Since the 1980s scholars have been increasingly confronted with expectations to orient themselves toward societal and economic priorities. This normative demand for societal responsiveness is inscribed in discourses aimed at increasing the usefulness, competitiveness, and control of academia. New performance criteria, funding conditions, and…
Descriptors: Organizational Change, College Faculty, Competition, Work Environment
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Skupien, Stefan – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Scientific collaboration between Northern and Southern researchers and development programs for research capacity-building have received new attention of practitioners and scholars during the last decades. This essay review takes four recent publications on North-South research cooperation and development politics as a starting point to ask for…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Researchers, International Cooperation, Research and Development
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Bezuidenhout, Louise; Ratti, Emanuele; Warne, Nathaniel; Beeler, Dori – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Scientific epistemology is a topic that has sparked centuries of philosophical discourse. In particular, understanding the role that scientists play in the creation and perpetuation of scientific knowledge is a subject that continues to be hotly debated. A relative new-comer to scientific epistemology is the field of virtue epistemology, which…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Epistemology, Scientists, Personality Traits
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Johnes, Geraint – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
PIAAC data are used to evaluate the extent of overeducation in G7 countries. Incidence of overeducation is seen to vary systematically with a number of demographic characteristics. The impact of overeducation on remuneration is then estimated using quantile regression. This impact is observed to be minor, suggesting that while some individuals…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Educational Attainment, Overachievement, Foreign Countries
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Dabós, Marcelo P.; Gantman, Ernesto R.; Fernández Rodríguez, Carlos J. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
We analyze the prestige of 1,500 scholars in economics, sociology, and management who have Spanish and French institutional affiliations operationalized by their h-index in Scopus and Google Scholar. We use a negative binomial count model to examine how some individual factors affect the h-index from both databases. The results show a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reputation, Social Science Research, Economics
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Tobiason, Glory – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
This study investigates how uncertainty works in science policy debates by considering an unusual case: one in which uncertainty-based arguments for delay come from the scientific community, rather than industry actors. The case I present is the central use of value-added modeling (VAM) in the evaluation of individual teachers, a controversial…
Descriptors: Value Added Models, Teacher Evaluation, Rhetoric, Policy
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Lindvig, Katrine; Hillersdal, Line – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
While interdisciplinarity is not a new concept, the political and discursive mobilisation of interdisciplinarity is. Since the 1990s, this movement has intensified, and this has affected central funding bodies so that interdisciplinarity is now a de facto requirement in successful grant application. As a result, the literature is ripe with…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Interdisciplinary Approach, Research, Higher Education
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Johann, David; Mayer, Sabrina Jasmin – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
We extend previous research by systematically investigating whether perceptions of scientific authorship vary between domains. Employing regulations for authorship of scientific journals as well as the Scientists Survey 2016 conducted by the German Centre for Higher Education Research and Science Studies (DZHW), we provide a comprehensive picture…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Authors, Periodicals, Scientists
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Roumbanis, Lambros – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
It is widely recognized that universities all around Europe have taken on a more market-oriented approach that has changed the core of academic work life. This has led to a precarious situation for many junior scholars, who have to seek research funding to cover their own wages in an increasingly fierce competition over scarce resources. Thus, at…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Faculty, Beginning Teachers, Teacher Researchers
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Hessels, Laurens K.; Franssen, Thomas; Scholten, Wout; de Rijcke, Sarah – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
This paper aims to explore disciplinary variation in valuation practices by comparing the way research groups accumulate credibility across four epistemic cultures. Our analysis is based on case studies of four high-performing research groups representing very different epistemic cultures in humanities, social sciences, geosciences and…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Educational Researchers, Credibility, Epistemology
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Franssen, Thomas; Scholten, Wout; Hessels, Laurens K.; de Rijcke, Sarah – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
Over the past decades, science funding shows a shift from recurrent block funding towards project funding mechanisms. However, our knowledge of how project funding arrangements influence the organizational and epistemic properties of research is limited. To study this relation, a bridge between science policy studies and science studies is…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Innovation, Institutional Characteristics, Research Administration
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