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Dahlstrom-Hakki, Ibrahim; Asbell-Clarke, Jodi; Rowe, Elizabeth – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
The value of neurocognitive measures to study memory, attention, cognition, and learning is well established. However, the vast majority of work using these tools is performed in tightly controlled lab experiments using simple lab stimuli. This article looks at the viability of using multimodal neurocognitive instruments to measure implicit…
Descriptors: Memory, Attention, Cognitive Processes, Learning
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Zhu, Yanmei; Zhang, Li; Leng, Yue; Pang, Ridong; Wang, Xiaole – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
Event-related potentials are used to test the hypothesis that an intuitive misconception persists in the mind even after the acquisition of scientific knowledge. We investigated the temporal dynamics of neural mechanisms in solving a scientific problem involving a common misconception. It showed that the increased P2 component was elicited by the…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests, Misconceptions, Hypothesis Testing
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Brookman-Byrne, Annie; Mareschal, Denis; Tolmie, Andrew K.; Dumontheil, Iroise – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
Relational reasoning, the ability to detect meaningful patterns, matures through adolescence. The unique contributions of verbal analogical and nonverbal matrix relational reasoning to science and maths are not well understood. Functional magnetic resonance imaging data were collected during science and maths problem-solving, and participants…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Diagnostic Tests, Executive Function, Thinking Skills
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Catrysse, Leen; Gijbels, David; Donche, Vincent – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
In educational research, there is a growing interest in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine students' levels of processing. As there is a growing interest in the use of fMRI, a systematic review was conducted to examine how deep and surface levels of processing are operationalized within the neuroscientific field. In addition,…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Educational Research, Cognitive Processes
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Müller, Barbara C. N.; Marx, Anton K. G.; Paulus, Markus; Meinhardt, Jörg – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
The achievement motive is one of the core motives of human behavior and can be divided into two motives: an approach motive (i.e., hope for success [HS]), and an avoidance motive (i.e., fear of failure [FF]). Research has demonstrated that frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) asymmetry in the alpha frequency band is an important marker for…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Correlation, Scores
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Nenciovici, Lucian; Brault Foisy, Lorie-Marlène; Allaire-Duquette, Geneviève; Potvin, Patrice; Riopel, Martin; Masson, Steve – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
Learning counterintuitive scientific concepts can be difficult for students because they often have misconceptions about natural phenomena that lead them to commit errors. Recent studies showed that students with advanced scientific training recruit brain regions associated with inhibitory control and memory retrieval to avoid committing errors…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Concept Formation, Misconceptions, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Horowitz-Kraus, Tzipi; DiCesare, Christopher; Kiefer, Adam W. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
Dyslexia, or reading difficulty (RD), is characterized by slow, inaccurate reading and accompanied by deficit in executive functions (EF) and altered functional connectivity (FC) in the related networks (i.e., cingulo-opercular). Individuals with RD also present with altered oculomotor gaze patterns that include longer fixation times. The…
Descriptors: Correlation, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Cognitive Ability, Reading Difficulties
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Braga, Lucia W.; Amemiya, Eduardo; Tauil, Alexandre; Suguieda, Denis; Lacerda, Carolina; Klein, Elise; Dehaene-Lambertz, Ghislaine; Dehaene, Stanislas – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2017
We evaluated neuro-functional changes associated with late acquisition of reading in an illiterate adult who underwent 20 longitudinal functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans during 2 years, while the participant progressed from complete illiteracy to a modest level of alphabetical decoding. Initially, the participant did not activate…
Descriptors: Adult Literacy, Case Studies, Illiteracy, Longitudinal Studies
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Romero-Hall, Enilda; Scott, JoAnne – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2017
Cultural stereotypes rooted in both antiquated data and misinterpretation of data have long perpetuated the belief that older adults are unable to learn new concepts because they are doomed to lose brain cells at an alarming rate during their geriatric years. However, advances in neurophysiological technologies that allow researchers to observe…
Descriptors: Older Adults, Aging (Individuals), Neurology, Physiology
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Shing, Yee Lee; Brod, Garvin – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2016
The encoding, consolidation, and retrieval of events and facts form the basis for acquiring new skills and knowledge. Prior knowledge can enhance those memory processes considerably and thus foster knowledge acquisition. But prior knowledge can also hinder knowledge acquisition, in particular when the to-be-learned information is inconsistent with…
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Memory, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests
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Borst, G.; Cachia, A.; Tissier, C.; Ahr, E.; Simon, G.; Houdé, O. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2016
Reading relies on a left-lateralized network of brain areas that include the pre-lexical processing regions of the ventral stream. Specifically, a region in the left lateral occipitotemporal sulcus (OTS) is consistently more activated for visual presentations of words than for other categories of stimuli. This region undergoes dramatic changes at…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Visual Stimuli, Diagnostic Tests
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van Leeuwen, Theo H.; Manalo, Emmanuel; van der Meij, Jan – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2015
There is considerable interest in the cultivation of student graphic literacy among educators and researchers, especially in the sciences. Previous research, however, has shown that many students manifest difficulties in using diagrammatic representations. One explanation that has been proposed to account for these difficulties is that certain…
Descriptors: Science Education, Diagnostic Tests, Brain, Visual Aids
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Masson, Steve; Potvin, Patrice; Riopel, Martin; Foisy, Lorie-Marlène Brault – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2014
Science education studies have revealed that students often have misconceptions about how nature works, but what happens to misconceptions after a conceptual change remains poorly understood. Are misconceptions rejected and replaced by scientific conceptions, or are they still present in students' minds, coexisting with newly acquired…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Expertise, Misconceptions, Scientific Concepts
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Makita, Kai; Yamazaki, Mika; Tanabe, Hiroki C.; Koike, Takahiko; Kochiyama, Takanori; Yokokawa, Hirokazu; Yoshida, Haruyo; Sadato, Norihiro – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2013
Psychological research suggests that foreign-language vocabulary acquisition recruits the phonological loop for verbal working memory. To depict the neural underpinnings and shed light on the process of foreign language learning, we conducted functional magnetic resonance imaging of Japanese participants without previous exposure to the Uzbek…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Foreign Countries, Vocabulary
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Battro, Antonio M. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2010
Animals cannot teach as humans do. Therefore, we lack the experimental support of animal studies that are so important to understand the evolution of our basic learning skills but are useless to explore the development of the teaching skills, unique to humans. And most important: children teach! We have at least two new challenges in our Mind,…
Descriptors: Brain, Teaching Skills, Information Technology, Diagnostic Tests
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