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O'Connor, Patrick A.; Morsanyi, Kinga; McCormack, Teresa – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
The current study investigated the development of children's performance on tasks that have been suggested to underlie early mathematics skills, including measures of cardinality, ordinality, and intelligence. Eighty-seven children were tested in their first (T1) and second (T2) school year (at ages 5 and 6). Children's performance on all tasks…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Correlation, Mathematics Skills, Intelligence
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Frankenberg, Sofia J. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
The Digital Maps Metaphor (DMM) is suggested as a transdisciplinary research tool to overcome some of the challenges that are potentially inherent in research projects that involve multiple aims, objectives, knowledge claims, and methodologies. Based on the understanding of metaphors as embodied concepts, it is argued that the DMM can be used to…
Descriptors: Interdisciplinary Approach, Figurative Language, Child Development, Intervention
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Choi, Dawoon; Black, Alexis K.; Werker, Janet F. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
Over the first weeks and months following birth, infants' initial, broad-based perceptual sensitivities become honed to the characteristics of their native language. In this article, we review this process of emerging specialization within the context of a cascading "critical period" (CP) framework, in which periods of maximal openness…
Descriptors: Auditory Perception, Infants, Native Language, Language Acquisition
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Shing, Yee Lee; Brod, Garvin – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2016
The encoding, consolidation, and retrieval of events and facts form the basis for acquiring new skills and knowledge. Prior knowledge can enhance those memory processes considerably and thus foster knowledge acquisition. But prior knowledge can also hinder knowledge acquisition, in particular when the to-be-learned information is inconsistent with…
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Memory, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests
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Hawes, Zachary; LeFevre, Jo-Anne; Xu, Chang; Bruce, Catherine D. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2015
There is an emerging consensus that spatial thinking is fundamental to later success in math and science. The goals of this study were to design and evaluate a novel test of three-dimensional (3D) mental rotation for 4- to 8-year-old children (N?=?165) that uses tangible 3D objects. Results revealed that the measure was both valid and reliable and…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Thinking Skills, Cognitive Processes, Children
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Habibi, Assal; Sarkissian, Alissa Der; Gomez, Martha; Ilari, Beatriz – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2015
Challenges associated with recruitment and retention of participants from underprivileged social communities, in addition to neuroscience researchers' unfamiliarity with these communities, possibly explain the limited number of individuals from these communities who participate in neuroscience research studies. The consequence is a scarcity of…
Descriptors: Brain, Disadvantaged, Poverty Areas, Recruitment
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Miller, Alison L.; Lumeng, Carey N.; Delproposto, Jennifer; Florek, Brian; Wendorf, Kristin; Lumeng, Julie C. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2013
Mechanisms underlying socioeconomic disparities in school readiness and health outcomes, particularly obesity, among preschool-aged children are complex and poorly understood. Obesity can induce changes in proteins in the circulation that contribute to the negative impact of obesity on health; such changes may relate to cognitive and emotion…
Descriptors: Obesity, Metabolism, Low Income Groups, Preschool Children
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Harris, Justin; Newcombe, Nora S.; Hirsh-Pasek, Kathy – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2013
The relation of spatial skills to academic success in areas such as math and science has sparked discussion in early education around how spatial thinking skills might be included in early schooling. Planning and evaluating new curricula or interventions requires understanding these skills and having the means to assess them. Prior developmental…
Descriptors: Young Children, Spatial Ability, Thinking Skills, Cognitive Processes
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Goldin, Andrea Paula; Calero, Cecilia Ines; Pena, Marcela; Ribeiro, Sidarta; Sigman, Mariano – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2013
In March 2012, 30 faculty and 49 students from all over the world met in El Calafate, Argentina, during two intense weeks. It was the second Latin American School for Education, Cognitive, and Neural Sciences (LASchool), sponsored by the James S. McDonnell Foundation. The LA School seeks to critically examine research findings potentially relevant…
Descriptors: Neurosciences, Play, Young Children, Preschool Education
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Arndt, Petra A. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2012
The design of learning spaces is rightly gaining more and more pedagogical attention, as they influence the learning climate and learning results in multiple ways. General structural characteristics influence the willingness to learn through emotional well-being and a sense of security. Specific structural characteristics influence cognitive…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Child Development, Cognitive Processes, Interaction
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Piche, Genevieve; Fitzpatrick, Caroline; Pagani, Linda S. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2012
Identifying early precursors of body mass index (BMI) and sports participation represents an important concern from a public health perspective and can inform the development of preventive interventions. This article examines whether kindergarten child self-regulation, as measured by classroom engagement and behavioral regulation, predicts healthy…
Descriptors: Body Composition, Family Characteristics, Academic Achievement, Public Health
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Becker, Derek R.; Carrere, Sybil; Siler, Chelsea; Jones, Stephanie; Bowie, Bonnie; Cooke, Cheryl – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2012
In this study we examined high frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV, a parasympathetic index) both at rest and during challenge, to assess if variations in cardiovascular activity measured during a Stroop task could be used to predict reading achievement in typically developing children. Reading achievement was examined using the Peabody…
Descriptors: Metabolism, Reading Achievement, Achievement Tests, Prediction
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Urrea, Claudia; Bender, Walter – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2012
Almost two million children in more than 40 countries around the world have received a One Laptop per Child (OLPC) XO netbook computer. These netbooks represent the commitment of politicians, community leaders, and educators to implement disruptive, large-scale education reform initiatives that will advance their countries into the 21st century…
Descriptors: Laptop Computers, Educational Change, Program Descriptions, Developing Nations
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Kuhl, Patricia K. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2011
The last decade has produced an explosion in neuroscience research examining young children's early processing of language that has implications for education. Noninvasive, safe functional brain measurements have now been proven feasible for use with children starting at birth. In the arena of language, the neural signatures of learning can be…
Descriptors: Neurological Organization, Research, Young Children, Language Processing
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Rappolt-Schlichtmann, Gabrielle; Watamura, Sarah E. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2010
More than ever before, leaders within the field of education are looking to research on basic processes to inform and improve educational practices. Success requires building a reciprocal relationship between the field of education and research on learning and development, similar to what exists between biology and medicine. Key to this effort is…
Descriptors: Theory Practice Relationship, Educational Practices, Educational Change, Educational Research
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