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Showing 1 to 15 of 31 results Save | Export
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Caballero, Camila; Scherer, Ethan; West, Martin R.; Mrazek, Michael D.; Gabrieli, Christopher F. O.; Gabrieli, John D. E. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
Despite increasing interest in improving academic outcomes for students by enhancing mindfulness, there is a paucity of evidence that greater mindfulness is associated with success in school. We measured mindfulness with the short-form Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) in over 2,000 urban students in Grades 5-8. The MAAS had good internal…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Academic Achievement, Middle School Students, Measures (Individuals)
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Donati, Georgina; Dumontheil, Iroise; Meaburn, Emma L. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
Individual differences in executive functions (EF) are heritable and predictive of academic attainment (AA). However, little is known about genetic contributions to EFs or their genetic relationship with AA and intelligence. We conducted genome-wide association analyses for processing speed (PS) and the latent EF measures of working memory (WM)…
Descriptors: Genetics, Executive Function, Educational Attainment, Individual Differences
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Hassevoort, Kelsey M.; Khan, Naiman A.; Hillman, Charles H.; Cohen, Neal J. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2016
There has been an increasing body of evidence that a variety of factors, including physical activity, nutrition, and body composition, have a relationship with brain structure and function in school-aged children. Within the brain, the hippocampus is particularly sensitive to modulation by these lifestyle factors. This brain structure is known to…
Descriptors: Health Behavior, Brain, Memory, Academic Achievement
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Prabhakar, Janani; Coughlin, Christine; Ghetti, Simona – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2016
Episodic prospection is the ability to mentally simulate personal future events that are rich in contextual detail and plausible for the individual. It therefore incorporates episodic information (who, what, where, and when of a particular event), as well as details about one's self (e.g., knowledge, goals, motivations and desires). The ability to…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cognitive Development, Neurological Organization, Memory
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Mota, Natália Bezerra; Weissheimer, Janaína; Madruga, Beatriz; Adamy, Nery; Bunge, Silvia A.; Copelli, Mauro; Ribeiro, Sidarta – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2016
To explore the relationship between memory and early school performance, we used graph theory to investigate memory reports from 76 children aged 6-8 years. The reports comprised autobiographical memories of events days to years past, and memories of novel images reported immediately after encoding. We also measured intelligence quotient (IQ) and…
Descriptors: Memory, Reading Ability, Young Children, Intelligence Quotient
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Scrimin, Sara; Altoè, Gianmarco; Moscardino, Ughetta; Pastore, Massimiliano; Mason, Lucia – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2016
Factors related to grade point average (GPA) are of great importance for students' success. Yet, little is known about the impact of individual differences in emotional reactivity on students' academic performance. We aimed to examine the emotional reactivity-GPA link and to assess whether self-esteem and psychological distress moderate this…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Emotional Response, Academic Achievement, Psychophysiology
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Hagins, Marshall; Rundle, Andrew – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2016
Yoga programs within schools have become more widespread but research regarding the potential effect on academic achievement remains limited. This study cluster-randomized 112 students within a single New York City public high school to participate in either school-based yoga or physical education (PE) for an entire academic year. The primary…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Academic Achievement, Grade Point Average, Physical Education
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Thomas, Michael S. C.; Kovas, Yulia; Meaburn, Emma L.; Tolmie, Andrew – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2015
This article explores the potential contribution of modern genetic methods and findings to education. It is familiar to hear that the "gene" for this or that behavior has been discovered, or that certain skills are "highly heritable." Can this help educators? To explore this question, we describe the methods used to relate…
Descriptors: Genetics, Individual Differences, Student Characteristics, Academic Ability
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Willingham, Daniel T. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2015
Public policy meant to improve educational outcomes has focused on within-school factors, even though it is known that factors within the home influence these outcomes more. This article suggests that some aspects of academic work are well enough understood that researchers can offer advice as to changes that parents might make in the home, so as…
Descriptors: Family Environment, Family Influence, Parent Role, Academic Achievement
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Randler, Christoph; Rahafar, Arash; Arbabi, Talat; Bretschneider, Rebekka – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2014
One of the most intriguing results concerning chronopsychological effects at school is the worse school performance in evening-oriented adolescents. The study intends to correlate affective state with chronotype. Therefore, we carried out a field study in adolescents in a natural setting (in school) and assessed their actual affective state during…
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Academic Achievement, Anxiety, Aggression
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Schulke, Beverly Brown; Zimmermann, Laura K. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2014
In addressing the challenges faced by E-type (evening-type) students, researchers have pointed to the need for school schedules that reflect chronotypic concerns and the recognition of the importance of sleep for academic achievement and well-being. One approach to dealing with this issue for adolescent students has been to move the start of the…
Descriptors: Sleep, Academic Advising, College Students, Scheduling
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Owens, Judith; Drobnich, Darrel; Baylor, Allison; Lewin, Daniel – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2014
In response to the scientific evidence documenting both profound developmental changes in sleep and circadian biology during adolescence and the myriad of negative health, performance, and safety outcomes risks associated with chronic sleep loss, at least 70 public school districts in the United States, representing approximately 1,000 schools,…
Descriptors: School Schedules, School Districts, Educational Change, Sleep
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Vigo, Daniel E.; Simonelli, Guido; Tuñón, Ianina; Pérez Chada, Daniel; Cardinali, Daniel P.; Golombek, Diego – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2014
Sleep in adolescents has been shown to be an important factor when looking at physical, mental, and social well-being. Little evidence is found regarding sleep patterns in adolescents from households facing extreme poverty, where conditions such as crowding, poor housing, sanitation or education, and precarious employment set an adverse…
Descriptors: Sleep, Predictor Variables, Need Gratification, Fatigue (Biology)
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Coldren, Jeffrey T. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2013
Children's ability to shift behavior in response to changing environmental demands is critical for successful intellectual functioning. While the processes underlying the development of cognitive control have been thoroughly investigated, its functioning in an ecologically relevant setting such as school is less well understood. Given the alarming…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Young Children, Cognitive Development, Self Control
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Boschloo, Annemarie; Ouwehand, Carolijn; Dekker, Sanne; Lee, Nikki; de Groot, Renate; Krabbendam, Lydia; Jolles, Jelle – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2012
Breakfast skipping is common in adolescents, but research on the effects of breakfast skipping on school performance is scarce. This current cross-sectional survey study of 605 adolescents aged 11-18 years investigated whether adolescents who habitually skip breakfast have lower end-of-term grades than adolescents who eat breakfast daily.…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Correlation, Eating Habits
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