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Showing 91 to 105 of 316 results Save | Export
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Rochette, Émilie; Bernier, Annie – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
Family socioeconomic status (SES) and the quality of maternal behavior are among the few identified predictors of child executive functioning (EF), and they have often been found to have interactive rather than additive effects on other domains of child functioning. The purpose of this study was to explore their interactive effects in the…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Executive Function, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship
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Wainryb, Cecilia; Komolova, Masha; Brehl, Beverly – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
Although exclusion is commonly thought of as a form of relational or social aggression, it often reflects attempts at maintaining friendships, drawing group boundaries, and optimizing group functioning and can thus also be considered an inevitable feature of normative social interactions. This study examines the narrative accounts and judgments of…
Descriptors: Social Isolation, Barriers, Group Membership, Interpersonal Relationship
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French, Doran C.; Purwono, Urip; Rodkin, Philip – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
The objectives of this longitudinal study were to predict the tobacco and alcohol use of Indonesian Muslim adolescents from their religiosity and the substance use of friends and network affiliates. At Year 1, there were 996 participants from eighth grade (n = 507, age = 13.4 years) and 10th grade (n = 489, age = 15.4); 875 were followed into the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Longitudinal Studies, Smoking, Drinking
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Upadyaya, Katja; Eccles, Jacquelynne S. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
The present study investigated to what extent teachers' beliefs about children's achievement contribute to the development of children's math interest. In addition, the extent to which other possible predictors, such as performance in math, gender, and race/ethnicity would contribute to the development of children's math interest was examined.…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Mathematics Achievement, Gender Differences, Racial Differences
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Grolnick, Wendy S.; Raftery-Helmer, Jacquelyn N.; Marbell, Kristine N; Flamm, Elizabeth S.; Cardemil, Esteban V. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
This study examined parents' provision of "structure," defined as the organization of the environment to facilitate competence, and the degree to which it supports versus controls children's autonomy, in the domains of homework and studying, unsupervised time, and responsibilities in a diverse sample of sixth-grade children and their…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Family Environment, Competence, Personal Autonomy
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Morrow, Michael T.; Hubbard, Julie A.; Swift, Lauren E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
This study examined the relations between multiple types of peer victimization, affective reactivity to victimization, and academic achievement. Participants (179 fifth-grade boys and girls) completed repeated daily measures of peer victimization and negative affect; a standardized measure of achievement was collected concurrently. The daily…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Victims, Peer Relationship
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Le Mare, Lucy; Audet, Karyn – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
We examined behavior problems in 80 adolescents (39 male; mean age = 15.74 years) adopted in early childhood by Canadians from globally depriving Romanian institutions. Overall, rates of clinically significant behavior problems were comparable to rates found in younger postinstitutionalized adopted children. The association between duration of…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adoption, Behavior Problems, Foreign Countries
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Runions, Kevin C.; Vitaro, Fank; Cross, Donna; Shaw, Thérèse; Hall, Margaret – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
This investigation used two-part growth modeling and cross-lagged panel analysis to examine the predictive function of parenting and teacher-child relationship on the likelihood of children showing problems with parent-rated physical aggression, and on the severity of problems, for 374 children followed from prekindergarten and first grade.…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Parenting Styles, Child Rearing, Aggression
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Bowker, Julie C.; Adams, Ryan E.; Fredstrom, Bridget K.; Gilman, Rich – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
In this study on being ignored by peers, 934 twelfth-grade students reported on their experiences of being ignored, victimized, and socially withdrawn, and completed measures of friendship and psychological adjustment (depression, self-esteem, and global satisfaction). Peer nominations of being ignored, victimized, and accepted by peers were also…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Late Adolescents, Grade 12, High School Students
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Cassano, Michael C.; Zeman, Janice L.; Sanders, Wesley M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
Parental socialization of children's sadness was examined through self-report, spouse report, and a parent-child sadness discussion task. A total of 79 two-parent, predominantly White, middle-class families participated with one child in grades 2-5 (44 sons; M = 9 years, 8 months). Analyses revealed that mothers and fathers respond differently to…
Descriptors: Mothers, Fathers, Parent Attitudes, Socialization
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Goodvin, Rebecca; Rolfson, Jacqueline – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
Effects of feedback on children's self-evaluations are well established, yet little is known about how parents talk with children about everyday successes and failures, despite the importance of parent-child reminiscing in children's psychological understanding. We examine mothers' attributions and performance evaluations in conversations about…
Descriptors: Mothers, Speech, Attribution Theory, Parent Child Relationship
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Konishi, Chiaki; Hymel, Shelley – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
Extending John Bowlby's hypothesis that dysfunctional anger is a predictable outcome of insecure attachments to parents, this study investigated the relationship between current parent-adolescent attachment and both the experience and expression of anger. Participants included 776 students (379 boys and 397 girls) in grades 8-12. As predicted by…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Aggression, Attachment Behavior, Adolescent Attitudes
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Veríssimo, Manuela; Santos, António J.; Fernandes, Carla; Vaughn, Brian E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
Attachment theorists suggest that attachment security with parents supports the quality of social adaptation in peer groups during early childhood, and numerous studies supporting this conjecture have been published. Most of these studies used enacted representations rather than mental representations of attachment security, and most studies…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Competence, Attachment Behavior, Security (Psychology), Preschool Children
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Rivizzigno, Alessandra S.; Brendgen, Mara; Feng, Bei; Vitaro, Frank; Dionne, Ginette; Tremblay, Richard E.; Boivin, Michel – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
Enriched environments may moderate the effect of genetic factors on prosocial leadership (gene-environment interaction, G × E). However, positive environmental experiences may also themselves be influenced by a genetic disposition for prosocial leadership (gene-environment correlation, rGE). Relating these processes to friendships, the present…
Descriptors: Genetics, Environmental Influences, Prosocial Behavior, Leadership
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DiLalla, Lisabeth Fisher; John, Sufna Gheyara – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
Peer victimization appears heritable, but it is unclear whether the traits that confer genetic risk require time and familiarity with a perpetrator to manifest or whether novel and brief interactions can lead to received aggression that demonstrates similar genetic risk. We examined 20-minute, peer-play interactions between 5-year-olds, pairing…
Descriptors: Genetics, Child Behavior, Aggression, Preschool Children
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