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Showing 61 to 75 of 316 results Save | Export
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Wood, Sarah G.; Hart, Sara A.; Little, Callie W.; Phillips, Beth M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
Past research suggests that reading comprehension test performance does not rely solely on targeted cognitive processes such as word reading, but also on other nontarget aspects such as test anxiety. Using a genetically sensitive design, we sought to understand the genetic and environmental etiology of the association between test anxiety and…
Descriptors: Test Anxiety, High Stakes Tests, Standardized Tests, Reading Tests
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Salvas, Marie-Claude; Vitaro, Frank; Brendgen, Mara; Cantin, Ste´phane – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
Positive friendships have been related to decreasing levels of children's physical aggression over time. While this evidence calls for interventions aimed at helping children build good-quality friendships, tests of causality through experimental manipulations are still needed. The goal of this study was to examine whether an intervention aimed to…
Descriptors: Correlation, Aggression, Friendship, Intervention
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Corwyn, Robert F.; Bradley, Robert H. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
Relations between paternal autonomy support and four aspects of adolescent social competence and responsibility at age 16 were examined using data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. With controls on maternal autonomy support, significant relations were observed between paternal autonomy support and three of the four…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Fathers, Sons, Personal Autonomy
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Manczak, Erika M.; Mangelsdorf, Sarah C.; McAdams, Dan P.; Wong, Maria S.; Schoppe-Sullivan, Sarah; Brown, Geoffrey L. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
Parent-child conversations about shared events may facilitate important aspects of psychosocial development through the family's references to emotions. Although past research has begun examining features of speakers and topics that predict emotion talk in these conversations, the potential contribution of personality traits has been overlooked.…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Personality Traits, Emotional Response, Parent Child Relationship
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Bountress, Kaitlin; Chassin, Laurie; Presson, Clark C.; Jackson, Corrie – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
Using participants from an 1-and-1/2-year longitudinal study of smoking socialization (N = 709), we examined peer smoking, and implicit and explicit attitudes on smoking initiation among initial nonsmoking adolescents. We also tested whether implicit and explicit attitudes mediated the effect of peer smoking on smoking initiation, and whether…
Descriptors: Peer Influence, Smoking, Health Behavior, Longitudinal Studies
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Blair, Bethany L.; Gangel, Meghan J.; Perry, Nicole B.; O'Brien, Marion; Calkins, Susan D.; Keane, Susan P.; Shanahan, Lilly – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
A growing body of literature indicates that childhood emotion regulation predicts later success with peers, yet little is known about the processes through which this association occurs. The current study examined mechanisms through which emotion regulation was associated with later peer acceptance and peer rejection, controlling for earlier…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Peer Acceptance, Rejection (Psychology), Child Behavior
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Miller, Stephanie E.; Marcovitch, Stuart; Boseovski, Janet J.; Lewkowicz, David J. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
The use and understanding of ordinal terms (e.g., "first" and "second") is a developmental milestone that has been relatively unexplored in the preschool age range. In the present study, 4- and 5-year-olds watched as a reward was placed in one of three train cars labeled by the experimenter with an ordinal (e.g.,…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Preschool Children, Linguistics, Form Classes (Languages)
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Conry-Murray, Clare – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
To evaluate whether distributions by sex are judged to be unfair, children at ages 6, 8, and 10, and adults (N = 96), judged an authority distributing items to children by using different methods (i.e., randomly or by sex), types of items (i.e., related or unrelated to gender norms), and differences in the equivalency of the items (i.e.,…
Descriptors: Sex Fairness, Gender Discrimination, Norms, Gender Issues
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Visconti, Kari Jeanne; Ladd, Gary W.; Kochenderfer-Ladd, Becky – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
The construct of moral disengagement has increasingly been used by researchers to account for the asymmetry between children's moral reasoning and their moral behavior. According to this theory, moral disengagement occurs most aptly when children are motivated to violate their moral beliefs, such as when they hold antisocial goals during social…
Descriptors: Aggression, Moral Values, Goal Orientation, Social Behavior
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Roos, Sanna; Salmivalli, Christina; Hodges, Ernest V. E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
The effects of guilt, shame, and externalization of blame on aggressive behavior were investigated among a total of 307 Finnish fifth and sixth graders (M[subscript age] = 11.9 years). Self-reported proneness to feel guilt and shame was expected to reduce levels of peer-reported aggressive behavior, whereas self-reported externalization of blame…
Descriptors: Self Control, Moral Values, Elementary School Students, Aggression
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Doramajian, Caroline; Bukowski, William M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
This study investigated the prospective association between moral disengagement and bystander behaviors in bullying situations, including both defending and passive bystanding. A diverse sample of Canadian school children (N = 130; 68 boys and 62 girls; mean age = 11.36 years) participated in a three-wave longitudinal study over a 4-month period.…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Behavior, Bullying, Victims
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Sticca, Fabio; Perren, Sonja – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
The present study investigated the longitudinal association between the development of bullying (traditional bullying and cyberbullying) and the development of moral deficiencies (moral disengagement, low moral responsibility, and weak feelings of remorse) during adolescence. A total of 960 Swiss adolescents completed an electronic questionnaire…
Descriptors: Correlation, Bullying, Antisocial Behavior, Moral Values
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Gini, Gianluca; Pozzoli, Tiziana; Bussey, Kay – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
This study investigated the relationships between three psychopathic dimensions (callousness/unemotionality, grandiosity/manipulation, and impulsivity/irresponsibility) and reactive and instrumental aggression in a community sample of early adolescents (N = 243, age M = 12.29, SD = 1.18). The moderating role of moral disengagement (MD) was also…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Adolescents, Psychopathology, Personality Traits
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Bussey, Kay; Quinn, Catherine; Dobson, Jane – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
A significant amount of research shows that adolescents who obfuscate their personal responsibility for aggressive behavior by employing justificatory strategies in the form of moral disengagement processes engage in more aggression. This questionnaire-based study examined the moderating roles of empathic concern and perspective taking in…
Descriptors: Role, Moral Values, Empathy, Aggression
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Camodeca, Marina; Taraschi, Emanuela – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
This work considers a still uninvestigated research issue-namely, whether parents' moral disengagement affected preschool children's externalizing behavior. Participants were 245 children (126 girls and 119 boys) aged 3-6 years. Parents' moral disengagement was assessed in terms of their externalization of blame and their indifference in reactions…
Descriptors: Fathers, Parent Child Relationship, Educational Practices, Moral Values
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