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Showing 16 to 30 of 316 results Save | Export
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Nida, Robert E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the eyewitness memory performance of 3- and 5-year-old African American children (N = 33) from lowincome households. The children were asked to remember the routine details of a physical examination immediately after the physical exam and again after a delay interval of 6 weeks. Age-related…
Descriptors: Memory, African American Children, Low Income Groups, Preschool Children
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Hutchison, Sarah M.; Müller, Ulrich – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
"Weight-related attitudes" refer to negative attitudes toward individuals because they are overweight or obese. These attitudes are widespread among children and adults and have been proven to be recalcitrant to intervention. To develop more effective interventions, it is necessary to understand the origin and development of explicit and…
Descriptors: Body Weight, Negative Attitudes, Self Concept, Obesity
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Clem, Anna-Leena; Aunola, Kaisa; Hirvonen, Riika; Määttä, Sami; Nurmi, Jari-Erik; Kiuru, Noona – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
This study investigated longitudinal associations between mathematics- and literacy-related causal attributions and self-concepts of ability among Finnish adolescents (N = 237). Questionnaires were administered to adolescents in Grades 7 and 9 to obtain information on their causal attributions and self-concepts of ability. The results showed that…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Self Concept, Attribution Theory, Longitudinal Studies
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Galián, María D.; Ato, Ester; Fernández-Vilar, María Angeles – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between effortful control and language performance, and the mediation effect of sociometric status on this relationship. The sample comprised 472 Spanish children 6-8 years old. To measure temperament, the parents were given the Temperament in Middle Childhood Questionnaire (TMCQ). The…
Descriptors: Sociometric Techniques, Correlation, Language Acquisition, Foreign Countries
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Cassetta, Briana D.; Pexman, Penny M.; Goghari, Vina M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
Theory of mind (ToM) refers to the ability to make inferences about mental states. Thus far, little research has examined ToM development in middle childhood. Importantly, recent studies have distinguished between making inferences about beliefs (cognitive ToM) and emotions (affective ToM). ToM has also been associated with executive functioning,…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Inferences, Executive Function, Cognitive Processes
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Vaillancourt, Tracy; Brittain, Heather; Haltigan, John D.; Ostrov, Jamie M.; Muir, Cameron – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
We examined whether the moderating role of cortisol in the relation between physical peer victimization and physical aggression was better accounted for by a diathesis-stress model or a differential susceptibility model using a multi-informant approach (direct observations, teacher reports, and parent reports) of 198 preschool-aged children…
Descriptors: Correlation, Aggression, Child Care, Teacher Attitudes
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Breslend, Nicole Lafko; Shoulberg, Erin K.; Wagner, Caitlin; Murray-Close, Dianna; Holterman, Leigh Ann – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
The purpose of the current investigation was to examine if autonomic nervous system reactivity moderated the association between relational victimization and two established outcomes of peer maltreatment, anxious/depressive symptoms and anxious rejection sensitivity. A total of 119 female (M[subscript age] = 12.47, SD[subscript age] = 1.96)…
Descriptors: Correlation, Victims, Stress Variables, Physiology
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McIver, Theresa A.; Bosma, Rachael L.; Sandre, Aislinn; Goegan, Sarah; Klassen, Janell A.; Chiarella, Julian; Booij, Linda; Craig, Wendy – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
Peer victimization is associated with increased risk for mental health problems. These adverse psychological outcomes are linked with altered cognitive and emotional processes and their related neural functioning. In the present study, by using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we examined whether peer victimization was associated with…
Descriptors: Peer Acceptance, Rejection (Psychology), Social Isolation, Risk
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Arana, Allyson A.; Boyd, Erin Q.; Guarneri-White, Maria; Iyer-Eimerbrink, Priya; Dougall, Angela Liegey; Jensen-Campbell, Lauri – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
Depressive symptoms, somatic complaints, and circulating levels of inflammatory biomarkers interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were examined as correlates of social and physical peer victimization in an ethnically diverse sample of adolescents (N = 91) using a multi-informant approach. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that…
Descriptors: Victims, Adolescents, Peer Relationship, Aggression
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Ungvary, Stephen; McDonald, Kristina L.;; Gibson, Carolyn E.; Glenn, Andrea L.; Reijntjes, Albert – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
The goal of this study was to examine how individual differences in physiological arousal and reactivity moderated the relation between peer victimization and reactive and proactive aggression. Participants were 58 adolescents (61.2% boys; 54.9% African American) in the age range of 12--15. Participants self-reported peer victimization, reactive…
Descriptors: Victims, Aggression, Peer Relationship, Individual Differences
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Beißert, Hanna M.; Mulvey, Kelly L.; Killen, Melanie – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
This study investigated patterns of reasoning regarding different types of moral transgressions and different measures of moral development in children 6-8 years of age (N = 130). The findings documented different patterns of reasoning for each measure and for transgressions including different moral principles. Children distinguished between…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Moral Development, Elementary School Students, Emotional Response
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Binnoon-Erez, Noam; Rodriques, Michelle; Jenkins, Jennifer; Tackett, Jennifer – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
The current study contrasted two different hypotheses about the relationship between sibling personality and sibling relationship quality: absolute value and dyadic similarity. The absolute value hypothesis suggests that the level of one sibling's personality will predict sibling relationship quality. The dyadic similarity hypothesis argues that…
Descriptors: Sibling Relationship, Personality Traits, Correlation, Prediction
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Acar, Ibrahim H.; Torquati, Julia C.; Garcia, Aileen; Ren, Lixin – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
The current study examined the effects of parent-child and teacher-child relationships on behavior regulation of children at risk. In particular, the amplifying or attenuating effect of one context (i.e., teacher-child relationships) for another context (i.e., parent-child relationship) on children's behavior regulation was examined. Participants…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, At Risk Students, Self Control, Parent Child Relationship
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Smith, Craig E.; Anderson, Deborah; Straussberger, Anna – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
Apologies can promote forgiveness; thus, for victims and bystanders, a sensitivity to nongenuine apologies could facilitate the development of wariness with regard to potential repeat offenders. We asked whether children are sensitive to two simple markers of potential nongenuine remorse: (a) the spontaneity of a transgressor's apology and (b) a…
Descriptors: Children, Psychological Patterns, Prompting, Resistance (Psychology)
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Holfeld, Brett; Leadbeater, Bonnie J. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
Although the effect of physical and relational (i.e., traditional) victimization on psychopathology is established, the interdependent contribution of cybervictimization is unclear. We test a longitudinal path model theorizing that (a) children's physical and relational victimization in Grade 4 or 5 is associated with more cybervictimization…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Victims, Bullying, Computer Mediated Communication
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