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Winter, Marcia A.; Davies, Patrick T.; Cummings, E. Mark – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
This multimethod study examined the association between family instability and children's internal representations of security in the family system within the context of maternal communications about disruptive family events. Participants included 224 kindergarten children (100 boys and 124 girls) and their parents. Parents reported on the…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Kindergarten, Communications, Family Problems
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Jones, Martin H.; Estell, David B. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
The current study follows two cohorts of fourth and fifth graders across 1 school year to better understand why some students change peer groups. The study focuses on popularity and intragroup social status. We examined whether differences between individuals' and group members' self-perceptions of popularity were related to changing peer groups.…
Descriptors: Group Membership, Social Status, Peer Groups, Comparative Analysis
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Sterry, Terry W.; Reiter-Purtill, Jennifer; Gartstein, Maria A.; Gerhardt, Cynthia A.; Vannatta, Kathryn; Noll, Robert B. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
This study examined whether children's social behavior mediated the associations between specific dimensions of temperament and peer acceptance, and whether these associations were moderated by gender. We also explored the role of child's age on the associations between temperament and social functioning. Primary caregiver reports of temperament…
Descriptors: Social Behavior, Females, Personality, Organizations (Groups)
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Velasquez, Ana Maria; Santo, Jonathan Bruce; Saldarriaga, Lina Maria; Lopez, Luz Stella; Bukowski, William M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
Contextual differences in the association between different forms of aggressive behavior and victimization were studied with a sample of 197 boys and 149 girls from mixed-sex schools and in 336 girls from all-girl schools (M = 10.21 years of age) in two cities in Colombia. Results showed that boys generally engage in more physical than relational…
Descriptors: Aggression, Females, Victims of Crime, Males
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Bennett, Joanna; Muller, Ulrich – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
This study examined the development of flexibility and abstraction in preschool children by using a newly designed Pattern Completion Task (PCT) and the Flexible Item Selection Task (FIST). In the PCT, children were presented with an incomplete pattern consisting of different-colored shapes and were asked to select the colored shape that…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Item Analysis, Task Analysis, Child Development
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Sandstrom, Marlene J.; Cillessen, Antonius H. N. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
This project examines the adjustment sequelae of perceived popularity beyond high school, and the moderating role of relational aggression (RA) in this process. Yearly sociometric measures of popularity and RA were gathered across grades 9-12 for a sample of 264 adolescents in a lower-middle-class high school. In addition, data on post-high school…
Descriptors: High Schools, Females, Psychopathology, Student Adjustment
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Mills, Rosemary S. L.; Arbeau, Kimberley A.; Lall, Debra I. K.; De Jaeger, Amy E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
We examined individual differences in shame responding in early childhood and predictive relations with shame proneness in middle childhood. Child shame responding, parental shaming, and child temperamental inhibition were assessed at Time 1 (n = 225, aged 3-4 years), shame responding was reassessed at Time 2 (n = 199, aged 5-7 years), and shame…
Descriptors: Mothers, Child Rearing, Inhibition, Parent Child Relationship
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Howe, Nina; Rinaldi, Christina M.; Recchia, Holly E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
Internal state language is a unique indicator of children's social understanding. In the current study, the role of context and type of internal state language was investigated. Mother-child internal state discourse in 32 middle-class Canadian families (child M age = 46.4 months) was examined across four contexts: (1) a reflective picture task,…
Descriptors: Mothers, Preschool Children, Social Cognition, Investigations
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Molfese, Victoria J.; Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz; Beswick, Jennifer L.; Jacobi-Vessels, Jill L.; Ferguson, Melissa C.; White, Jamie M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
This study examined contributions of maternal personality and infant temperament to infant vocabulary and cognitive development both directly and indirectly through parental stress. Participants were recruited at birth and included 63 infant twin pairs and their mothers. Assessments were completed at 6, 9, 12, and 18 months of age and included…
Descriptors: Twins, Structural Equation Models, Child Rearing, Infants
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Poyhonen, Virpi; Juvonen, Jaana; Salmivalli, Christina – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
The present study focused on the role of cognitive, emotional, and interpersonal factors in predicting defending of bullied peer. Specifically, the degree to which peer status moderates the effects of emotional and cognitive factors on defending behavior was tested. The sample included 489 students (257 girls) from grades 4 (mean age, 10.6 years)…
Descriptors: Social Status, Bullying, Reputation, Self Efficacy
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Boivin, Michel; Petitclerc, Amelie; Feng, Bei; Barker, Edward D. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
This study investigated the evolving relations between peer victimization and social/emotional difficulties in middle to late childhood. Peer assessments of peer victimization and social/emotional difficulties (aggressive behavior, social withdrawal, and emotional vulnerability) were collected over 4 years for 1,035 children attending Grades 3-6…
Descriptors: Aggression, Children, Grade 3, Victims of Crime
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Karna, Antti; Voeten, Marinus; Poskiparta, Elisa; Salmivalli, Christina – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
We examined whether the bystanders' behaviors in bullying situations influence vulnerable students' risk for victimization. The sample consisted of 6,980 primary school children from Grades 3-5, who were nested within 378 classrooms in 77 schools. These students filled out Internet-based questionnaires in their schools' computer labs. The results…
Descriptors: Bullying, Peer Relationship, Risk, Grade 3
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Reavis, Rachael D.; Keane, Susan P.; Calkins, Susan D. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
This study examined early elementary school children's trajectories of peer victimization with a sample of 218 boys and girls. Peer victimization was assessed (via peer report) in kindergarten and first, second, and fifth grades. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) was used to examine multiple types of relationships (mother-child, student-teacher,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Mothers, Psychopathology, Friendship
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Troop-Gordon, Wendy; Quenette, Andrea – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
Children's relational schemas have been found to account for, and moderate, links between peer victimization and psychosocial difficulties. The present study extends this research by examining whether children's mental representations of their teachers' responses to students' peer harassment moderate associations between peer victimization and…
Descriptors: Evidence, Bullying, Females, Teacher Response
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Iyer, Roopa V.; Kochenderfer-Ladd, Becky; Eisenberg, Nancy; Thompson, Marilyn – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
The relations among peer victimization, effortful control, school engagement, and academic achievement were examined in a group of 390 (212 boys and 178 girls) racially diverse (38.20% Latino and 46.70% White) 6- to 10-year-old children. Specifically, a multimethod, multi-informant approach was used in which data were gathered using self-report,…
Descriptors: Structural Equation Models, Academic Achievement, Peer Relationship, Victims of Crime
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