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Martins, Carla; Barreto, Ana L.; Baptista, Joana; Osório, Ana; Martins, Eva C.; Verissimo, Manuela – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2019
This study investigated the prospective relationship between preschoolers' theory of mind (ToM) skills and academic school readiness, while exploring the possible moderator role played by child gender. The participants were 75 children who were assessed at two time points: when enrolled in the second preschool year (T1) and again 4 months before…
Descriptors: Correlation, Theory of Mind, Preschool Children, School Readiness
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Williams, Shanna; Ahern, Elizabeth; Lyon, Thomas D. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2019
This study examined relations between children's false statements and response latency, executive functioning, and truth--lie understanding in order to understand what underlies children's emerging ability to make false statements. A total of 158 (2- to 5-year-old) children earned prizes for claiming that they were looking at birds even when…
Descriptors: Young Children, Deception, Executive Function, Comprehension
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Hutchison, Sarah M.; Müller, Ulrich – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
"Weight-related attitudes" refer to negative attitudes toward individuals because they are overweight or obese. These attitudes are widespread among children and adults and have been proven to be recalcitrant to intervention. To develop more effective interventions, it is necessary to understand the origin and development of explicit and…
Descriptors: Body Weight, Negative Attitudes, Self Concept, Obesity
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Galián, María D.; Ato, Ester; Fernández-Vilar, María Angeles – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between effortful control and language performance, and the mediation effect of sociometric status on this relationship. The sample comprised 472 Spanish children 6-8 years old. To measure temperament, the parents were given the Temperament in Middle Childhood Questionnaire (TMCQ). The…
Descriptors: Sociometric Techniques, Correlation, Language Acquisition, Foreign Countries
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Marcus, Maria; Haden, Catherine A.; Uttal, David H. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
This study addressed whether providing mothers and children with engineering information would promote science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) talk during interactions in a building-construction exhibit and later when remembering the experience at home. A total of 40 mothers and their 5- to 6-year-old children (M = 5.87) were…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Museums, Mothers, Young Children
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Goodlett, Benjamin D.; Trentacosta, Christopher J.; McLear, Caitlin; Crespo, Laura; Wheeler, Rebecca; Williams, Alexis; Chaudhry, Kiren; Smith-Darden, Joanne – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
Maternal depressive symptoms predict negative child behaviors, including internalizing problems. However, protective factors, such as positive emotionality and positive parenting behaviors, may play an important a role in attenuating associations between maternal depressive symptoms and child behavior problems. This article presents two studies…
Descriptors: Mothers, Depression (Psychology), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), At Risk Persons
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Bocknek, Erika L.; Dayton, Carolyn; Raveau, Hasti A.; Richardson, Patricia; Brophy-Herb, Holly E.; Fitzgerald, Hiram E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
In recent years, a literature has emerged describing contributions fathers make to the development of very young children. Scholars suggest that active play may be a specific area of parenting in which fathers are primary and, further, that this type of play helps children experience intense emotions and learn to regulate them. However, this…
Descriptors: Play, Fathers, Young Children, Correlation
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Lapan, Candace; Boseovski, Janet J.; Blincoe, Sarai – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
Children base trait inferences about people on direct observations of behavior. In some situations, these inferences might conflict with information supplied by others. This study examined 3- to 6-year-olds' willingness to change their own trait attributions about an actor after receiving a consistent or inconsistent trait label from an authority…
Descriptors: Young Children, Toddlers, Inferences, Age Differences
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Manczak, Erika M.; Mangelsdorf, Sarah C.; McAdams, Dan P.; Wong, Maria S.; Schoppe-Sullivan, Sarah; Brown, Geoffrey L. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
Parent-child conversations about shared events may facilitate important aspects of psychosocial development through the family's references to emotions. Although past research has begun examining features of speakers and topics that predict emotion talk in these conversations, the potential contribution of personality traits has been overlooked.…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Personality Traits, Emotional Response, Parent Child Relationship
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Pillow, Bradford H.; Pearson, RaeAnne M.; Allen, Cara – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
Two experiments investigated 3- to 5-year-olds' inductive generalizations about social categories. In Experiment 1, participants were shown pictures of children contrasting in appearance and either gender or classmate status, and were asked to generalize either biological properties or behaviors. Contrary to expectations, performance did not…
Descriptors: Young Children, Generalization, Social Stratification, Social Status
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Beaver, Kevin M.; Boutwell, Brian B.; Barnes, J. C.; Schwartz, Joseph A.; Connolly, Eric J. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
A body of empirical research has revealed that there are associations among language skills, peer interactions, and behavioral problems in childhood. At the same time, however, there has been comparatively less research devoted to exploring the mutual unfolding of these factors over the first few years of life. The current study is designed to…
Descriptors: Qualitative Research, Genetics, Correlation, Language Skill Attrition
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Wainryb, Cecilia; Komolova, Masha; Brehl, Beverly – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
Although exclusion is commonly thought of as a form of relational or social aggression, it often reflects attempts at maintaining friendships, drawing group boundaries, and optimizing group functioning and can thus also be considered an inevitable feature of normative social interactions. This study examines the narrative accounts and judgments of…
Descriptors: Social Isolation, Barriers, Group Membership, Interpersonal Relationship
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Runions, Kevin C.; Vitaro, Fank; Cross, Donna; Shaw, Thérèse; Hall, Margaret – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
This investigation used two-part growth modeling and cross-lagged panel analysis to examine the predictive function of parenting and teacher-child relationship on the likelihood of children showing problems with parent-rated physical aggression, and on the severity of problems, for 374 children followed from prekindergarten and first grade.…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Parenting Styles, Child Rearing, Aggression
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Goodvin, Rebecca; Rolfson, Jacqueline – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
Effects of feedback on children's self-evaluations are well established, yet little is known about how parents talk with children about everyday successes and failures, despite the importance of parent-child reminiscing in children's psychological understanding. We examine mothers' attributions and performance evaluations in conversations about…
Descriptors: Mothers, Speech, Attribution Theory, Parent Child Relationship
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Kelly, Kimberly Reynolds; Bailey, Alison L. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2013
We investigated longitudinally the co-constructed narratives of 31 mother-child dyads collected when the children were 3-, 4-, and 5-years old, examining the dual development of child conversational and narrative discourse skills and the impact of maternal verbal assistance. Linear mixed-model analysis revealed that children's developmental…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Interpersonal Communication, Child Development
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