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Martins, Carla; Barreto, Ana L.; Baptista, Joana; Osório, Ana; Martins, Eva C.; Verissimo, Manuela – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2019
This study investigated the prospective relationship between preschoolers' theory of mind (ToM) skills and academic school readiness, while exploring the possible moderator role played by child gender. The participants were 75 children who were assessed at two time points: when enrolled in the second preschool year (T1) and again 4 months before…
Descriptors: Correlation, Theory of Mind, Preschool Children, School Readiness
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Garcia, Aileen S.; Ren, Lixin; Esteraich, Jan M.; Raikes, Helen H. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
This study was designed to examine whether parenting stress and child behavioral problems are significant predictors of parent-child conflict in the context of low-income families and how these relations are moderated by maternal nativity. The authors conducted multiple regression analyses to examine relations between teachers' report of…
Descriptors: Child Behavior, Behavior Problems, Parents, Anxiety
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Wang, Feihong; Algina, James; Snyder, Patricia; Cox, Martha – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
We examined children's task engagement during a challenging puzzle task in the presence of their primary caregivers by using a representative sample of rural children from six high-poverty counties across two states. Weighted longitudinal confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling were used to identify a task engagement factor…
Descriptors: Puzzles, Toddlers, Rural Population, Psychological Patterns
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Blankson, A. Nayena; O'Brien, Marion; Leerkes, Esther M.; Calkins, Susan D.; Marcovitch, Stuart D. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
We examined the impact of television viewing at ages 3 and 4 on vocabulary and at age 5 on executive functioning in the context of home learning environment and parental scaffolding. Children (N = 263) were seen in the lab when they were 3 years old and then again at ages 4 and 5. Parents completed measures assessing child television viewing and…
Descriptors: Television Viewing, Vocabulary Development, Language Acquisition, Age Differences
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Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Sze, Irene Nga-Lam; Ng, Florrie Fei-Yin; Kahana-Kalman, Ronit; Yoshikawa, Hirokazu – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2013
Mothers' spontaneous teaching of their 4-year-olds was observed during block play in 230 dyads from low-income African American, Mexican, Dominican, and Chinese backgrounds. Blocks contained graphics that could be used to teach concepts in literacy, math, construction, or body/color. Coders noted how often mothers taught each of the concepts,…
Descriptors: Mothers, Ethnicity, Parents as Teachers, Parent Child Relationship
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Sun, Jin; Rao, Nirmala – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
This study investigated how Chinese adults adjusted their scaffolding in interactions with children during problem-solving tasks. Fifty-seven 5-year-olds (from low and high socioeconomic status [SES] backgrounds) completed a playlike task (puzzle) and a school-like task (worksheet) with their mothers and teachers, respectively. Adult-child…
Descriptors: Mothers, Professional Training, Preschool Children, Adults
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Evans, Cortney A.; Nelson, Larry J.; Porter, Christin L.; Nelson, David A.; Hart, Craig H. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
This study assesses the relationships between children's shy and antisocial/aggressive behaviors and maternal beliefs, and concomitant parenting behaviors. Structural equation models examined 199 mothers' perceptions of aggression and shyness in their preschool-age children (average age = 59.63 months); maternal beliefs (i.e., locus of control,…
Descriptors: Aggression, Shyness, Child Rearing, Mothers
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Mills, Rosemary S. L.; Arbeau, Kimberley A.; Lall, Debra I. K.; De Jaeger, Amy E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
We examined individual differences in shame responding in early childhood and predictive relations with shame proneness in middle childhood. Child shame responding, parental shaming, and child temperamental inhibition were assessed at Time 1 (n = 225, aged 3-4 years), shame responding was reassessed at Time 2 (n = 199, aged 5-7 years), and shame…
Descriptors: Mothers, Child Rearing, Inhibition, Parent Child Relationship
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Howe, Nina; Rinaldi, Christina M.; Recchia, Holly E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
Internal state language is a unique indicator of children's social understanding. In the current study, the role of context and type of internal state language was investigated. Mother-child internal state discourse in 32 middle-class Canadian families (child M age = 46.4 months) was examined across four contexts: (1) a reflective picture task,…
Descriptors: Mothers, Preschool Children, Social Cognition, Investigations
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Howes, Carollee; Wishard Guerra, Alison G.; Zucker, Eleanor – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2008
The intent of this study was to examine the development of peer interaction in low-income Mexican-heritage families in the United States. Eighty-eight children (44 girls) were observed and mothers interviewed when children were 14, 24, 36, and 54 months old. We used the Attachment Q-Set (Waters, 1990), the Peer Play Scale (Howes & Matheson, 1992),…
Descriptors: Mexican Americans, Immigrants, Peer Relationship, Low Income
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Laible, Deborah; Song, Jeanie – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2006
Research suggests that both emotion-laden discourse and positive affect facilitate the construction of emotional and relational understanding. Despite this, research has not typically examined simultaneously the connections among affect, emotional discourse, and socioemotional development. In this study, 51 preschool children (M age = 52.80…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Psychological Patterns, Affective Behavior
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Hudson, Judith A. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2006
This study examined the relationship between characteristics of mothers' talk about future events and young children's ability to contribute to naturalistic conversations about future events. Results indicated that three maternal style factors were related to 2.5- and 4-year-olds' contributions: elaborative/advanced language, general and past…
Descriptors: Mothers, Preschool Children, Parent Child Relationship, Time
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Laible, Deborah – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2006
The goal of this study was to examine whether the security of the relationship between mothers and children influenced the relation between maternal emotional expressiveness and aspects of children's social development. Fifty-one preschool children (M age = 52.80 months) and their mothers took part in the study. At their homes, mothers completed…
Descriptors: Mothers, Social Behavior, Preschool Children, Attachment Behavior
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Lemelin, Jean-Pascal; Tarabulsy, George M.; Provost, Marc A. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2006
This longitudinal study investigated the relative contributions of infant temperament, maternal sensitivity, and psychosocial risk to individual differences in preschool children's cognitive development. It also examined specific moderating effects between predictors as well as the specific mediating role of maternal sensitivity in the relation…
Descriptors: Mothers, Preschool Children, Infants, Personality Traits
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McArthur, Duncan; Adamson, Lauren B.; Deckner, Deborah F. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2005
The interactions of 24-, 30-, and 36-month-old children and their mothers reading two initially unfamiliar books were observed three times over a 2-week period. Coding characterized both the content and the role of their utterances as they discussed the stories. Utterance content depended on child age but changed little with increasing story…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Preschool Children, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship
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