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Martins, Carla; Barreto, Ana L.; Baptista, Joana; Osório, Ana; Martins, Eva C.; Verissimo, Manuela – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2019
This study investigated the prospective relationship between preschoolers' theory of mind (ToM) skills and academic school readiness, while exploring the possible moderator role played by child gender. The participants were 75 children who were assessed at two time points: when enrolled in the second preschool year (T1) and again 4 months before…
Descriptors: Correlation, Theory of Mind, Preschool Children, School Readiness
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Nida, Robert E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the eyewitness memory performance of 3- and 5-year-old African American children (N = 33) from lowincome households. The children were asked to remember the routine details of a physical examination immediately after the physical exam and again after a delay interval of 6 weeks. Age-related…
Descriptors: Memory, African American Children, Low Income Groups, Preschool Children
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Vaillancourt, Tracy; Brittain, Heather; Haltigan, John D.; Ostrov, Jamie M.; Muir, Cameron – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
We examined whether the moderating role of cortisol in the relation between physical peer victimization and physical aggression was better accounted for by a diathesis-stress model or a differential susceptibility model using a multi-informant approach (direct observations, teacher reports, and parent reports) of 198 preschool-aged children…
Descriptors: Correlation, Aggression, Child Care, Teacher Attitudes
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Acar, Ibrahim H.; Torquati, Julia C.; Garcia, Aileen; Ren, Lixin – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
The current study examined the effects of parent-child and teacher-child relationships on behavior regulation of children at risk. In particular, the amplifying or attenuating effect of one context (i.e., teacher-child relationships) for another context (i.e., parent-child relationship) on children's behavior regulation was examined. Participants…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, At Risk Students, Self Control, Parent Child Relationship
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Garcia, Aileen S.; Ren, Lixin; Esteraich, Jan M.; Raikes, Helen H. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
This study was designed to examine whether parenting stress and child behavioral problems are significant predictors of parent-child conflict in the context of low-income families and how these relations are moderated by maternal nativity. The authors conducted multiple regression analyses to examine relations between teachers' report of…
Descriptors: Child Behavior, Behavior Problems, Parents, Anxiety
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Murphy, Tia Panfile; Jehl, Brianna; Hamel, Kayla; McCurdy, Kelsey; Halt, Allison – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
The quality of the attachment bond between a child and a caregiver can have lasting effects on how the child perceives, interprets, and recalls events through the filtering of internal working models. Previous research has shown that secure children tend to recall emotional information better than insecure children. The current study examined the…
Descriptors: Recall (Psychology), Story Reading, Security (Psychology), Child Development
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Wang, Feihong; Algina, James; Snyder, Patricia; Cox, Martha – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
We examined children's task engagement during a challenging puzzle task in the presence of their primary caregivers by using a representative sample of rural children from six high-poverty counties across two states. Weighted longitudinal confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling were used to identify a task engagement factor…
Descriptors: Puzzles, Toddlers, Rural Population, Psychological Patterns
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Miller, Stephanie E.; Marcovitch, Stuart; Boseovski, Janet J.; Lewkowicz, David J. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
The use and understanding of ordinal terms (e.g., "first" and "second") is a developmental milestone that has been relatively unexplored in the preschool age range. In the present study, 4- and 5-year-olds watched as a reward was placed in one of three train cars labeled by the experimenter with an ordinal (e.g.,…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Preschool Children, Linguistics, Form Classes (Languages)
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Camodeca, Marina; Taraschi, Emanuela – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
This work considers a still uninvestigated research issue-namely, whether parents' moral disengagement affected preschool children's externalizing behavior. Participants were 245 children (126 girls and 119 boys) aged 3-6 years. Parents' moral disengagement was assessed in terms of their externalization of blame and their indifference in reactions…
Descriptors: Fathers, Parent Child Relationship, Educational Practices, Moral Values
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Misailidi, Plousia; Kornilaki, Ekaterina N. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
This study examined the development of children's reasoning about the afterlife and its relationship with parental afterlife beliefs and testimony. A total of 123 children aged 5, 7, and 10 years were read a story describing the events that led to a person's death. After hearing the story, children were asked questions about the dead agent's…
Descriptors: Religion, Religious Factors, Logical Thinking, Parents
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Blankson, A. Nayena; O'Brien, Marion; Leerkes, Esther M.; Calkins, Susan D.; Marcovitch, Stuart D. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
We examined the impact of television viewing at ages 3 and 4 on vocabulary and at age 5 on executive functioning in the context of home learning environment and parental scaffolding. Children (N = 263) were seen in the lab when they were 3 years old and then again at ages 4 and 5. Parents completed measures assessing child television viewing and…
Descriptors: Television Viewing, Vocabulary Development, Language Acquisition, Age Differences
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Veríssimo, Manuela; Santos, António J.; Fernandes, Carla; Vaughn, Brian E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
Attachment theorists suggest that attachment security with parents supports the quality of social adaptation in peer groups during early childhood, and numerous studies supporting this conjecture have been published. Most of these studies used enacted representations rather than mental representations of attachment security, and most studies…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Competence, Attachment Behavior, Security (Psychology), Preschool Children
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DiLalla, Lisabeth Fisher; John, Sufna Gheyara – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
Peer victimization appears heritable, but it is unclear whether the traits that confer genetic risk require time and familiarity with a perpetrator to manifest or whether novel and brief interactions can lead to received aggression that demonstrates similar genetic risk. We examined 20-minute, peer-play interactions between 5-year-olds, pairing…
Descriptors: Genetics, Child Behavior, Aggression, Preschool Children
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Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Sze, Irene Nga-Lam; Ng, Florrie Fei-Yin; Kahana-Kalman, Ronit; Yoshikawa, Hirokazu – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2013
Mothers' spontaneous teaching of their 4-year-olds was observed during block play in 230 dyads from low-income African American, Mexican, Dominican, and Chinese backgrounds. Blocks contained graphics that could be used to teach concepts in literacy, math, construction, or body/color. Coders noted how often mothers taught each of the concepts,…
Descriptors: Mothers, Ethnicity, Parents as Teachers, Parent Child Relationship
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Conry-Murray, Clare – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2013
Children of ages 3-5 ("N" = 62) were assessed by using standard theory-of-mind tasks and unusual belief tasks related to false information and beliefs endorsing violations of moral (welfare and fairness) and social conventional (school rules) domains. Younger children (under 5 years) did not accurately attribute unusual factual beliefs…
Descriptors: Young Children, Beliefs, Theory of Mind, Moral Values
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