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Field, Ryan D.; Martin, Carol Lynn; Andrews, Naomi C. Z.; England, Dawn E.; Zosuls, Kristina M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
The goal was to assess the role of children's social cognitions about peers in attitudes toward school. Because of gender segregation, we differentiated children's cognitions about same-gender and other-gender peers. We examined the influence of gender-based relationship efficacy for both own-gender and other-gender peers (GBRE-Own and GBRE-Other)…
Descriptors: School Attitudes, Social Cognition, Gender Differences, Peer Relationship
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MacEvoy, Julie Paquette; Papadakis, Alison A.; Fedigan, Shea K.; Ash, Sarah E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
Although relationship expectations are thought to influence all social interactions, little is known about the function of children's friendship expectations. This study examined the associations among children's friendship expectations and their behavior within their friendships, their friendship adjustment, and their socioemotional functioning.…
Descriptors: Friendship, Peer Relationship, Expectation, Child Behavior
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Archambault, Isabelle; Kurdi, Vanessa; Oliver, Elizabeth; Goulet, Mélissa – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
The present study examined the unique and joint effects of peer victimization and conflicts with teachers on student behavioral and affective engagement across the school year among a sample of 333 fifth- and sixth-grade students. Results first showed that peer victimization was not a significant predictor of students' affective engagement,…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Victims, Conflict, Teacher Student Relationship
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Corwyn, Robert F.; Bradley, Robert H. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
Relations between paternal autonomy support and four aspects of adolescent social competence and responsibility at age 16 were examined using data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. With controls on maternal autonomy support, significant relations were observed between paternal autonomy support and three of the four…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Fathers, Sons, Personal Autonomy
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Manczak, Erika M.; Mangelsdorf, Sarah C.; McAdams, Dan P.; Wong, Maria S.; Schoppe-Sullivan, Sarah; Brown, Geoffrey L. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
Parent-child conversations about shared events may facilitate important aspects of psychosocial development through the family's references to emotions. Although past research has begun examining features of speakers and topics that predict emotion talk in these conversations, the potential contribution of personality traits has been overlooked.…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Personality Traits, Emotional Response, Parent Child Relationship
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Roos, Sanna; Salmivalli, Christina; Hodges, Ernest V. E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
The effects of guilt, shame, and externalization of blame on aggressive behavior were investigated among a total of 307 Finnish fifth and sixth graders (M[subscript age] = 11.9 years). Self-reported proneness to feel guilt and shame was expected to reduce levels of peer-reported aggressive behavior, whereas self-reported externalization of blame…
Descriptors: Self Control, Moral Values, Elementary School Students, Aggression
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Doramajian, Caroline; Bukowski, William M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
This study investigated the prospective association between moral disengagement and bystander behaviors in bullying situations, including both defending and passive bystanding. A diverse sample of Canadian school children (N = 130; 68 boys and 62 girls; mean age = 11.36 years) participated in a three-wave longitudinal study over a 4-month period.…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Behavior, Bullying, Victims
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Menesini, Ersilia; Palladino, Benedetta Emanuela; Nocentini, Annalaura – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
Using an individual-by-environment framework, this study evaluated the role of individual- and group-level moral indices and their interaction in predicting student reports of bullying. The sample included 1,009 Italian adolescents (36% girls) from 56 classrooms (mean age = 15.02 years, SD = 0.71). Individual-level predictors included gender and…
Descriptors: Bullying, Foreign Countries, Emotional Response, Adolescents
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Upadyaya, Katja; Eccles, Jacquelynne S. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
The present study investigated to what extent teachers' beliefs about children's achievement contribute to the development of children's math interest. In addition, the extent to which other possible predictors, such as performance in math, gender, and race/ethnicity would contribute to the development of children's math interest was examined.…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Mathematics Achievement, Gender Differences, Racial Differences
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Le Mare, Lucy; Audet, Karyn – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
We examined behavior problems in 80 adolescents (39 male; mean age = 15.74 years) adopted in early childhood by Canadians from globally depriving Romanian institutions. Overall, rates of clinically significant behavior problems were comparable to rates found in younger postinstitutionalized adopted children. The association between duration of…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adoption, Behavior Problems, Foreign Countries
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Lindsey, Eric W.; Colwell, Malinda J. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2013
This study investigated different forms of pretend and physical play as predictors of preschool children's "affective social competence" (ASC). Data were collected from 122 preschool children (57 boys, 65 girls; 86 European American, 9 African American, 17 Hispanic, and 10 other ethnicity) over a 2-year period. Children participated in…
Descriptors: Imagination, Play, Preschool Children, Affective Behavior
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Lansford, Jennifer E.; Costanzo, Philip R.; Grimes, Christina; Putallaz, Martha; Miller, Shari; Malone, Patrick S. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2009
Seventh-grade students (N = 324) completed social cognitive maps to identify peer groups and peer group leaders, sociometric nominations to describe their peers' behaviors, and questionnaires to assess their own behaviors. Peer group members resembled one another in levels of direct and indirect aggression and substance use; girls' cliques were…
Descriptors: Females, Peer Relationship, Peer Groups, Cognitive Mapping
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Sanson, Ann; Letcher, Primrose; Smart, Diana; Prior, Margot; Toumbourou, John W.; Oberklaid, Frank – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2009
The study adopted a person-centered approach to examine whether clusters of children could be identified on the basis of temperament profiles assessed on four occasions from infancy to early childhood, and if so whether differing temperament clusters were associated with subsequent differences in behavior problems, social skills, and school…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Infants, Young Children, Personality Traits