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Gartstein, Maria A.; Hancock, Gregory R. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2019
Temperament growth has been examined in infancy, but the spectrum of reactive and regulatory dimensions was not previously considered. We evaluated linear and nonlinear growth trajectories for overarching factors and fine-grained indicators of infant temperament obtained via parent report (N = 143) at 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 months of age.…
Descriptors: Infants, Personality Development, Gender Differences, Socioeconomic Status
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Martins, Carla; Barreto, Ana L.; Baptista, Joana; Osório, Ana; Martins, Eva C.; Verissimo, Manuela – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2019
This study investigated the prospective relationship between preschoolers' theory of mind (ToM) skills and academic school readiness, while exploring the possible moderator role played by child gender. The participants were 75 children who were assessed at two time points: when enrolled in the second preschool year (T1) and again 4 months before…
Descriptors: Correlation, Theory of Mind, Preschool Children, School Readiness
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King, Thomas; McKean, Cristina; Rush, Robert; Westrupp, Elizabeth M.; Mensah, Fiona K.; Reilly, Sheena; Law, James – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
Maternal education captured at a single time point is commonly employed as a predictor of a child's cognitive development. In this article, we ask what bearing the acquisition of additional qualifications has upon reading performance in middle childhood. This was a secondary analysis of the United Kingdom's Millennium Cohort Study, a cohort of…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Background, Educational Attainment, Children
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Lambie, John A.; Lindberg, Anja – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
Emotional awareness--that is, accurate emotional self-report--has been linked to positive well-being and mental health. However, it is still unclear how emotional awareness is socialized in young children. This observational study examined how a particular parenting communicative style--emotional validation versus emotional invalidation--was…
Descriptors: Role, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Affective Behavior
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Corwyn, Robert F.; Bradley, Robert H. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
Relations between paternal autonomy support and four aspects of adolescent social competence and responsibility at age 16 were examined using data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. With controls on maternal autonomy support, significant relations were observed between paternal autonomy support and three of the four…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Fathers, Sons, Personal Autonomy
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Cassano, Michael C.; Zeman, Janice L.; Sanders, Wesley M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
Parental socialization of children's sadness was examined through self-report, spouse report, and a parent-child sadness discussion task. A total of 79 two-parent, predominantly White, middle-class families participated with one child in grades 2-5 (44 sons; M = 9 years, 8 months). Analyses revealed that mothers and fathers respond differently to…
Descriptors: Mothers, Fathers, Parent Attitudes, Socialization
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Wilson, Sylia; Durbin, C. Emily – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2013
In accord with the now prevailing ecological view that both parent and child play an active role in shaping their interactions, the present study assessed the number of bids by parents and children for social engagement, compliance, and emotion regulation, and the quality of each partner's responsiveness to these bids, in a sample of mothers and…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Mothers, Fathers, Young Children
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Mata, Andrea D.; van Dulmen, Manfred H. M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
This study investigated trajectories of time spent in structured activities from middle childhood to early adolescence by using data from the National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care. We used latent class growth analyses and identified five trajectories (stable low, increasing high, decreasing low,…
Descriptors: Early Adolescents, Child Health, Peer Relationship, Delinquency
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Soucie, Kendall M.; Lawford, Heather; Pratt, Michael W. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
Age-related and individual differences in adolescents' and emerging adults' stories of real-life empathic and nonempathic experiences were examined. A total of 29 adolescents (M = 15.28, SD = 0.99) and 31 emerging adults (M = 18.23, SD = 0.56) told stories of empathic and nonempathic life events and completed measures of authoritative parenting…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Personal Narratives, Empathy, Young Adults
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Li, Yan; Putallaz, Martha; Su, Yanjie – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2011
This study examined how interparental conflict styles related to Chinese children's overt and relational aggression directly and indirectly through parenting behaviors. Mothers (n = 670) and fathers (n = 570) reported their overt and covert interparental conflict styles and different parenting behaviors. Children's (n = 671) aggression was…
Descriptors: Conflict, Child Rearing, Parent Child Relationship, Cultural Context
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Mills, Rosemary S. L.; Arbeau, Kimberley A.; Lall, Debra I. K.; De Jaeger, Amy E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
We examined individual differences in shame responding in early childhood and predictive relations with shame proneness in middle childhood. Child shame responding, parental shaming, and child temperamental inhibition were assessed at Time 1 (n = 225, aged 3-4 years), shame responding was reassessed at Time 2 (n = 199, aged 5-7 years), and shame…
Descriptors: Mothers, Child Rearing, Inhibition, Parent Child Relationship
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Magnuson, Katherine A.; Sexton, Holly R.; Davis-Kean, Pamela E., Huston, Aletha C. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2009
Maternal education is a strong correlate of children's language, cognitive, and academic development. In most prior research, mothers' education has been treated as a fixed characteristic, yet many mothers, particularly economically and educationally disadvantaged mothers, attend school after the birth of their children. In the present study, we…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Mothers, Educationally Disadvantaged, Young Children
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Lindberg, Sara M.; Hyde, Janet Shibley; Hirsch, Liza M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2008
Do contemporary families promote gender-differentiated or egalitarian attitudes and behavior surrounding mathematics? The current study examined mother-child interactions during mathematics homework as a microcosm of contemporary gender socialization. Results revealed individual differences in mothers' treatment of their fifth-grade sons and…
Descriptors: Homework, Socialization, Mathematics Education, Mothers
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Gleason, Tracy R. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2005
Mothers' and fathers' beliefs and attitudes regarding pretend play were examined as a function of whether their children had imaginary companions and their children's gender. Parents (73 mothers, 40 fathers) were surveyed about their children's pretend play, their attitudes toward pretense, and the environments they provided for their children's…
Descriptors: Mothers, Fathers, Play, Parent Attitudes
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Hastings, Paul D.; Rubin, Kenneth H.; DeRose, Laura – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2005
Prosocial behavior encompasses sympathetic, helpful, and caring responses toward others. Temperamental characteristics and experiences of child rearing are associated with children's prosocial behavior. However, little research has examined the associations between prosocial behavior and either temperamental inhibition or paternal child rearing.…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Inhibition, Prosocial Behavior, Psychological Patterns