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Winer, Abby C.; Phillips, Deborah A. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
This study examined differences in the quality of child care experienced by toddler boys and girls. Boys were more likely to be in lower-quality child care than girls, assessed with both setting-level measures and observations of caregiver-child interaction. A possible explanatory mechanism for the gender differences is suggested by evidence that…
Descriptors: Evidence, Females, Child Caregivers, Toddlers
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Nelson, Larry J.; Hart, Craig H.; Yang, Chongming; Wu, Peixia; Jin, Shenghua – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
This study examined via teacher reports the behavioral correlates of different forms of nonsocial play among Chinese preschoolers, as well as potential gender differences in the linkages in a sample of preschoolers (249 boys, 257 girls) from two cities in mainland China. Measurement models estimated with two-group confirmatory factor analyses…
Descriptors: Play, Prosocial Behavior, Aggression, Females
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Blake, Jamilia J.; Kim, Eun Sook; Lease, A. Michele – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2011
This study examined the construct validity of nonverbal social aggression and the relation of nonverbal social aggression to dimensions of children's social status. Peer nominations of verbal social, nonverbal social, direct veral, and physical aggression, as well as social dominance, perceived popularity, and social acceptance, were collected…
Descriptors: Aggression, Females, Structural Equation Models, Validity
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Li, Yan; Putallaz, Martha; Su, Yanjie – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2011
This study examined how interparental conflict styles related to Chinese children's overt and relational aggression directly and indirectly through parenting behaviors. Mothers (n = 670) and fathers (n = 570) reported their overt and covert interparental conflict styles and different parenting behaviors. Children's (n = 671) aggression was…
Descriptors: Conflict, Child Rearing, Parent Child Relationship, Cultural Context
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Sterry, Terry W.; Reiter-Purtill, Jennifer; Gartstein, Maria A.; Gerhardt, Cynthia A.; Vannatta, Kathryn; Noll, Robert B. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
This study examined whether children's social behavior mediated the associations between specific dimensions of temperament and peer acceptance, and whether these associations were moderated by gender. We also explored the role of child's age on the associations between temperament and social functioning. Primary caregiver reports of temperament…
Descriptors: Social Behavior, Females, Personality, Organizations (Groups)
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Velasquez, Ana Maria; Santo, Jonathan Bruce; Saldarriaga, Lina Maria; Lopez, Luz Stella; Bukowski, William M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
Contextual differences in the association between different forms of aggressive behavior and victimization were studied with a sample of 197 boys and 149 girls from mixed-sex schools and in 336 girls from all-girl schools (M = 10.21 years of age) in two cities in Colombia. Results showed that boys generally engage in more physical than relational…
Descriptors: Aggression, Females, Victims of Crime, Males
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Mills, Rosemary S. L.; Arbeau, Kimberley A.; Lall, Debra I. K.; De Jaeger, Amy E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
We examined individual differences in shame responding in early childhood and predictive relations with shame proneness in middle childhood. Child shame responding, parental shaming, and child temperamental inhibition were assessed at Time 1 (n = 225, aged 3-4 years), shame responding was reassessed at Time 2 (n = 199, aged 5-7 years), and shame…
Descriptors: Mothers, Child Rearing, Inhibition, Parent Child Relationship
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Troop-Gordon, Wendy; Quenette, Andrea – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
Children's relational schemas have been found to account for, and moderate, links between peer victimization and psychosocial difficulties. The present study extends this research by examining whether children's mental representations of their teachers' responses to students' peer harassment moderate associations between peer victimization and…
Descriptors: Evidence, Bullying, Females, Teacher Response
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Lansford, Jennifer E.; Costanzo, Philip R.; Grimes, Christina; Putallaz, Martha; Miller, Shari; Malone, Patrick S. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2009
Seventh-grade students (N = 324) completed social cognitive maps to identify peer groups and peer group leaders, sociometric nominations to describe their peers' behaviors, and questionnaires to assess their own behaviors. Peer group members resembled one another in levels of direct and indirect aggression and substance use; girls' cliques were…
Descriptors: Females, Peer Relationship, Peer Groups, Cognitive Mapping
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Karreman, Annemiek; van Tuijl, Cathy; van Aken, Marcel A. G.; Dekovi, Maja – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2009
This study investigated interactions between observed temperamental effortful control and observed parenting in the prediction of externalizing problems. Child gender effects on these relations were examined. The relations were examined concurrently when the child was 3 years old and longitudinally at 4.5 years. The sample included 89 two-parent…
Descriptors: Females, Self Control, Males, Predictor Variables
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Weinberger, Nanci; Stein, Kristen – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2008
Sixty-four kindergarten children participated in a bead-collecting game. Their competitive, noncompetitive, and other moves were measured. Gender and gender composition of the group affected competition in the context of playing this game with known peers. The boys were more competitive than the girls. Girls in the same-gender groups, but not…
Descriptors: Females, Kindergarten, Gender Differences, Males