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Miller, Natalie V.; Johnston, Charlotte – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2019
We investigated how parents' attributions of blame/responsibility/internal locus for negative events happening to themselves and to their children were related to children's attributions about similar events in their own lives. In a sample of 145 families (including mother, father, and child aged 9-12 years; 73 boys), we tested for unique…
Descriptors: Parents, Children, Attribution Theory, Locus of Control
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Moriguchi, Yusuke; Todo, Naoya – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
Having an imaginary companion (IC) is a fascinating example of children's imaginative and pretend play. However, there are inconsistencies in the reported prevalence of children's ICs. This study examined how culture may affect this prevalence. We conducted a meta-analysis to assess whether the culture, as well as age, assessment method, sex, and…
Descriptors: Incidence, Imagination, Friendship, Play
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King, Thomas; McKean, Cristina; Rush, Robert; Westrupp, Elizabeth M.; Mensah, Fiona K.; Reilly, Sheena; Law, James – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
Maternal education captured at a single time point is commonly employed as a predictor of a child's cognitive development. In this article, we ask what bearing the acquisition of additional qualifications has upon reading performance in middle childhood. This was a secondary analysis of the United Kingdom's Millennium Cohort Study, a cohort of…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Background, Educational Attainment, Children
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Doramajian, Caroline; Bukowski, William M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
This study investigated the prospective association between moral disengagement and bystander behaviors in bullying situations, including both defending and passive bystanding. A diverse sample of Canadian school children (N = 130; 68 boys and 62 girls; mean age = 11.36 years) participated in a three-wave longitudinal study over a 4-month period.…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Behavior, Bullying, Victims
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Cassano, Michael C.; Zeman, Janice L.; Sanders, Wesley M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
Parental socialization of children's sadness was examined through self-report, spouse report, and a parent-child sadness discussion task. A total of 79 two-parent, predominantly White, middle-class families participated with one child in grades 2-5 (44 sons; M = 9 years, 8 months). Analyses revealed that mothers and fathers respond differently to…
Descriptors: Mothers, Fathers, Parent Attitudes, Socialization
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Rivizzigno, Alessandra S.; Brendgen, Mara; Feng, Bei; Vitaro, Frank; Dionne, Ginette; Tremblay, Richard E.; Boivin, Michel – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
Enriched environments may moderate the effect of genetic factors on prosocial leadership (gene-environment interaction, G × E). However, positive environmental experiences may also themselves be influenced by a genetic disposition for prosocial leadership (gene-environment correlation, rGE). Relating these processes to friendships, the present…
Descriptors: Genetics, Environmental Influences, Prosocial Behavior, Leadership
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Mata, Andrea D.; van Dulmen, Manfred H. M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
This study investigated trajectories of time spent in structured activities from middle childhood to early adolescence by using data from the National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care. We used latent class growth analyses and identified five trajectories (stable low, increasing high, decreasing low,…
Descriptors: Early Adolescents, Child Health, Peer Relationship, Delinquency
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Coplan, Robert J.; Weeks, Murray – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
The goal of this study was to explore the socioemotional adjustment of unsociable (versus shy) children in middle childhood. The participants in this study were 186 children aged 6-8 years (M[subscript age] = 7.59 years, SD = 0.31). Multisource assessment was employed, including maternal ratings, teacher ratings, and individual child interviews.…
Descriptors: Evidence, Children, Program Effectiveness, Gender Differences
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Sterry, Terry W.; Reiter-Purtill, Jennifer; Gartstein, Maria A.; Gerhardt, Cynthia A.; Vannatta, Kathryn; Noll, Robert B. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
This study examined whether children's social behavior mediated the associations between specific dimensions of temperament and peer acceptance, and whether these associations were moderated by gender. We also explored the role of child's age on the associations between temperament and social functioning. Primary caregiver reports of temperament…
Descriptors: Social Behavior, Females, Personality, Organizations (Groups)
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Velasquez, Ana Maria; Santo, Jonathan Bruce; Saldarriaga, Lina Maria; Lopez, Luz Stella; Bukowski, William M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
Contextual differences in the association between different forms of aggressive behavior and victimization were studied with a sample of 197 boys and 149 girls from mixed-sex schools and in 336 girls from all-girl schools (M = 10.21 years of age) in two cities in Colombia. Results showed that boys generally engage in more physical than relational…
Descriptors: Aggression, Females, Victims of Crime, Males
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Sanson, Ann; Letcher, Primrose; Smart, Diana; Prior, Margot; Toumbourou, John W.; Oberklaid, Frank – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2009
The study adopted a person-centered approach to examine whether clusters of children could be identified on the basis of temperament profiles assessed on four occasions from infancy to early childhood, and if so whether differing temperament clusters were associated with subsequent differences in behavior problems, social skills, and school…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Infants, Young Children, Personality Traits
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Xu, Yiyuan; Farver, Jo Ann M.; Chang, Lei; Zhang, Zengxiu; Yu, Lidong – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2007
This paper reports on three studies of shy behavior in Mainland Chinese children. In Study 1 (N = 107, M age = 10.05), a Chinese Shyness Scale (CSS) was developed based on Chinese teachers' open-ended descriptions of children's shy behavior. In Study 2 (N = 388, M age = 10.80) and Study 3 (N = 198, M age = 10.20), the construct validity of the two…
Descriptors: Shyness, Construct Validity, Validity, Children
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Gleason, Tracy R. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2005
Mothers' and fathers' beliefs and attitudes regarding pretend play were examined as a function of whether their children had imaginary companions and their children's gender. Parents (73 mothers, 40 fathers) were surveyed about their children's pretend play, their attitudes toward pretense, and the environments they provided for their children's…
Descriptors: Mothers, Fathers, Play, Parent Attitudes