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Vaillancourt, Tracy; Brittain, Heather; Haltigan, John D.; Ostrov, Jamie M.; Muir, Cameron – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
We examined whether the moderating role of cortisol in the relation between physical peer victimization and physical aggression was better accounted for by a diathesis-stress model or a differential susceptibility model using a multi-informant approach (direct observations, teacher reports, and parent reports) of 198 preschool-aged children…
Descriptors: Correlation, Aggression, Child Care, Teacher Attitudes
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Lindsey, Eric W.; Colwell, Malinda J. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2013
This study investigated different forms of pretend and physical play as predictors of preschool children's "affective social competence" (ASC). Data were collected from 122 preschool children (57 boys, 65 girls; 86 European American, 9 African American, 17 Hispanic, and 10 other ethnicity) over a 2-year period. Children participated in…
Descriptors: Imagination, Play, Preschool Children, Affective Behavior
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Nelson, Larry J.; Hart, Craig H.; Yang, Chongming; Wu, Peixia; Jin, Shenghua – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
This study examined via teacher reports the behavioral correlates of different forms of nonsocial play among Chinese preschoolers, as well as potential gender differences in the linkages in a sample of preschoolers (249 boys, 257 girls) from two cities in mainland China. Measurement models estimated with two-group confirmatory factor analyses…
Descriptors: Play, Prosocial Behavior, Aggression, Females
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Mills, Rosemary S. L.; Arbeau, Kimberley A.; Lall, Debra I. K.; De Jaeger, Amy E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
We examined individual differences in shame responding in early childhood and predictive relations with shame proneness in middle childhood. Child shame responding, parental shaming, and child temperamental inhibition were assessed at Time 1 (n = 225, aged 3-4 years), shame responding was reassessed at Time 2 (n = 199, aged 5-7 years), and shame…
Descriptors: Mothers, Child Rearing, Inhibition, Parent Child Relationship
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Hastings, Paul D.; Rubin, Kenneth H.; DeRose, Laura – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2005
Prosocial behavior encompasses sympathetic, helpful, and caring responses toward others. Temperamental characteristics and experiences of child rearing are associated with children's prosocial behavior. However, little research has examined the associations between prosocial behavior and either temperamental inhibition or paternal child rearing.…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Inhibition, Prosocial Behavior, Psychological Patterns