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Showing 1 to 15 of 25 results Save | Export
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Miller, Natalie V.; Johnston, Charlotte – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2019
We investigated how parents' attributions of blame/responsibility/internal locus for negative events happening to themselves and to their children were related to children's attributions about similar events in their own lives. In a sample of 145 families (including mother, father, and child aged 9-12 years; 73 boys), we tested for unique…
Descriptors: Parents, Children, Attribution Theory, Locus of Control
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Hutchison, Sarah M.; Müller, Ulrich – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
"Weight-related attitudes" refer to negative attitudes toward individuals because they are overweight or obese. These attitudes are widespread among children and adults and have been proven to be recalcitrant to intervention. To develop more effective interventions, it is necessary to understand the origin and development of explicit and…
Descriptors: Body Weight, Negative Attitudes, Self Concept, Obesity
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Cassetta, Briana D.; Pexman, Penny M.; Goghari, Vina M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
Theory of mind (ToM) refers to the ability to make inferences about mental states. Thus far, little research has examined ToM development in middle childhood. Importantly, recent studies have distinguished between making inferences about beliefs (cognitive ToM) and emotions (affective ToM). ToM has also been associated with executive functioning,…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Inferences, Executive Function, Cognitive Processes
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Vaillancourt, Tracy; Brittain, Heather; Haltigan, John D.; Ostrov, Jamie M.; Muir, Cameron – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
We examined whether the moderating role of cortisol in the relation between physical peer victimization and physical aggression was better accounted for by a diathesis-stress model or a differential susceptibility model using a multi-informant approach (direct observations, teacher reports, and parent reports) of 198 preschool-aged children…
Descriptors: Correlation, Aggression, Child Care, Teacher Attitudes
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McIver, Theresa A.; Bosma, Rachael L.; Sandre, Aislinn; Goegan, Sarah; Klassen, Janell A.; Chiarella, Julian; Booij, Linda; Craig, Wendy – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
Peer victimization is associated with increased risk for mental health problems. These adverse psychological outcomes are linked with altered cognitive and emotional processes and their related neural functioning. In the present study, by using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we examined whether peer victimization was associated with…
Descriptors: Peer Acceptance, Rejection (Psychology), Social Isolation, Risk
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Binnoon-Erez, Noam; Rodriques, Michelle; Jenkins, Jennifer; Tackett, Jennifer – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
The current study contrasted two different hypotheses about the relationship between sibling personality and sibling relationship quality: absolute value and dyadic similarity. The absolute value hypothesis suggests that the level of one sibling's personality will predict sibling relationship quality. The dyadic similarity hypothesis argues that…
Descriptors: Sibling Relationship, Personality Traits, Correlation, Prediction
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Holfeld, Brett; Leadbeater, Bonnie J. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
Although the effect of physical and relational (i.e., traditional) victimization on psychopathology is established, the interdependent contribution of cybervictimization is unclear. We test a longitudinal path model theorizing that (a) children's physical and relational victimization in Grade 4 or 5 is associated with more cybervictimization…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Victims, Bullying, Computer Mediated Communication
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Zarbatany, Lynne; Tremblay, Paul F.; Ellis, Wendy E.; Chen, Xinyin; Kinal, Megan; Boyko, Lisa – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
This study examined aspects of peer clique participation that mitigated victimization by peers over a school year. Participants were 1,033 children age 8-14 years (M[subscript age] = 11.81; 444 boys and 589 girls), including 128 (66 boys) victimized children. Cliques (N = 162) and clique participation were assessed by using the Social Cognitive…
Descriptors: Peer Groups, Victims, Children, Participation
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Chaparro, Maria Paula; Grusec, Joan E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
Links among neuroticism, inconsistent discipline, and empathy were assessed in a longitudinal study of adolescents. Mothers', but not fathers', inconsistent discipline predicted decreases in empathy 2 years later, but only for adolescents who were low in neuroticism. For those who were high, there was no effect of inconsistent discipline.…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Empathy, Prosocial Behavior, Correlation
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Meter, Diana J.; Card, Noel A. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
Decades of research has assessed the benefits of children's and adolescents' friendships, but friendships among youth often dissolve within a matter of months or years. Studies have investigated predictors and consequences of friendship stability with the expectation that, in order for friendships to have a positive or negative influence on youth,…
Descriptors: Children, Adolescents, Friendship, Meta Analysis
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Doramajian, Caroline; Bukowski, William M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
This study investigated the prospective association between moral disengagement and bystander behaviors in bullying situations, including both defending and passive bystanding. A diverse sample of Canadian school children (N = 130; 68 boys and 62 girls; mean age = 11.36 years) participated in a three-wave longitudinal study over a 4-month period.…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Behavior, Bullying, Victims
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Zarbatany, Lynne; Marshall, Kiera G. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
This study assessed the effects of a best friend's facial attractiveness on first impressions of medium-attractive children and early adolescents. Younger (N = 114, 48 boys and 66 girls, M[subscript age] = 8.16 years) and older (N = 168, 83 boys and 85 girls, M[subscript age] = 12.32 years) participants rated photos of unknown medium-attractive…
Descriptors: Friendship, Interpersonal Attraction, Puberty, Children
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Sengsavang, Sonia; Krettenauer, Tobias – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
This study examined the role of aggressiveness and parenting in the development of children's moral self-concept. Participants were 198 elementary school children and their parents (M = 8.65 years, SD = 2.44). Participants completed a structured moral self puppet interview and a questionnaire about their relationship to parents. Parents completed…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Aggression, Parent Child Relationship, Role
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Rochette, Émilie; Bernier, Annie – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
Family socioeconomic status (SES) and the quality of maternal behavior are among the few identified predictors of child executive functioning (EF), and they have often been found to have interactive rather than additive effects on other domains of child functioning. The purpose of this study was to explore their interactive effects in the…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Executive Function, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship
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Le Mare, Lucy; Audet, Karyn – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
We examined behavior problems in 80 adolescents (39 male; mean age = 15.74 years) adopted in early childhood by Canadians from globally depriving Romanian institutions. Overall, rates of clinically significant behavior problems were comparable to rates found in younger postinstitutionalized adopted children. The association between duration of…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adoption, Behavior Problems, Foreign Countries
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