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McIver, Theresa A.; Bosma, Rachael L.; Sandre, Aislinn; Goegan, Sarah; Klassen, Janell A.; Chiarella, Julian; Booij, Linda; Craig, Wendy – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
Peer victimization is associated with increased risk for mental health problems. These adverse psychological outcomes are linked with altered cognitive and emotional processes and their related neural functioning. In the present study, by using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we examined whether peer victimization was associated with…
Descriptors: Peer Acceptance, Rejection (Psychology), Social Isolation, Risk
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Conry-Murray, Clare – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
To evaluate whether distributions by sex are judged to be unfair, children at ages 6, 8, and 10, and adults (N = 96), judged an authority distributing items to children by using different methods (i.e., randomly or by sex), types of items (i.e., related or unrelated to gender norms), and differences in the equivalency of the items (i.e.,…
Descriptors: Sex Fairness, Gender Discrimination, Norms, Gender Issues
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Shtulman, Andrew; Calabi, Prassede – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2013
Recent research suggests that a major obstacle to evolution understanding is an essentialist view of the biological world. The present study investigated the effects of formal biology instruction on such misconceptions. Participants (N = 291) completed an assessment of their understanding of six aspects of evolution (variation, inheritance,…
Descriptors: Evolution, Comprehension, Barriers, World Views
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Soucie, Kendall M.; Lawford, Heather; Pratt, Michael W. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
Age-related and individual differences in adolescents' and emerging adults' stories of real-life empathic and nonempathic experiences were examined. A total of 29 adolescents (M = 15.28, SD = 0.99) and 31 emerging adults (M = 18.23, SD = 0.56) told stories of empathic and nonempathic life events and completed measures of authoritative parenting…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Personal Narratives, Empathy, Young Adults
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Toyama, Noriko – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2011
Four experiments were conducted with Japanese children and adult participants to assess their awareness of the effectiveness of biological and psychological treatments for psychogenic bodily reactions. Study 1 had 116 participants, composed of 4-year-olds (17), 5-year-olds (20), 7-year-olds (24), 10-year-olds (20), and college students (35). The…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Cultural Differences, Psychology, Children
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Karna, Antti; Voeten, Marinus; Poskiparta, Elisa; Salmivalli, Christina – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2010
We examined whether the bystanders' behaviors in bullying situations influence vulnerable students' risk for victimization. The sample consisted of 6,980 primary school children from Grades 3-5, who were nested within 378 classrooms in 77 schools. These students filled out Internet-based questionnaires in their schools' computer labs. The results…
Descriptors: Bullying, Peer Relationship, Risk, Grade 3
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Ricco, Robert; Sabet, Sarah; Clough, Cassandra – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2009
This study sought to establish the relevance of college mothers' motivational orientation and other student-role attitudes to the parenting of their school-age children and to their children's attitudes toward school. College mothers (N = 89) with a child between the ages of 7 and 14 years completed measures of their academic achievement…
Descriptors: Homework, Mothers, Self Efficacy, Incentives
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Pillow, Bradford H.; Pearson, RaeAnne M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2009
Adults' and kindergarten through fourth-grade children's evaluations and explanations of inductive inferences, deductive inferences, and guesses were assessed. Beginning in kindergarten, participants rated deductions as more certain than weak inductions or guesses. Beginning in third grade, deductions were rated as more certain than strong…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Kindergarten, Grade 3, Inferences
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Mrug, Sylvie; Hoza, Betsy – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2007
This study proposed and tested a developmental model of impression formation based on observed behavior, prior expectancies, and additional incongruent information. Participants were 51 kindergartners, 53 second graders, and 104 college students who provided trait and liking judgments after watching a child actor engage in behaviors from three…
Descriptors: Young Children, Kindergarten, Grade 2, Elementary School Students
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Derryberry, W. Pitt; Thoma, Stephen J. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2005
Current models of moral functioning such as those of Rest (1983) and Damon and Hart (1988) have maintained that optimal moral development and consistent moral action require the presence of multiple constructs. In order to examine the importance of the presence of multiple variables relevant to moral functioning, structural equation modeling was…
Descriptors: Value Judgment, Structural Equation Models, Moral Development, College Students
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Kagan, Jerome – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2004
Many concepts in developmental psychology are inferred or confirmed from very particular experimental or naturalistic observations but investigators often generalize their validity to a broad domain of situations. This permissiveness is affecting progress. This paper provides examples of this error and criticizes the tendency to award essences to…
Descriptors: Developmental Psychology, Concept Formation, Research Methodology, Context Effect