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Torppa, Minna; Georgiou, George K.; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Niemi, Pekka; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
This study examined the dynamic relationships among the components of the Simple View of Reading (SVR) in a transparent orthography (Finnish) and the predictive value of cognitive skills (phonological awareness, letter knowledge, rapid naming, and vocabulary) on the SVR components. Altogether, 1,815 Finnish children were followed from kindergarten…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Kindergarten, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Kiuru, Noona; Laursen, Brett; Aunola, Kaisa; Zhang, Xia; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
This longitudinal study, conducted among a sample of Finnish primary-school children, examined the proposition that a single high-quality relationship (either with a teacher or a parent) can buffer against adjustment problems. Teachers rated the externalizing problems and prosocial behaviors of 378 children in Grade 1 and again in Grade 2.…
Descriptors: Student Adjustment, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Teachers, Teacher Student Relationship
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Blair, Bethany L.; Gangel, Meghan J.; Perry, Nicole B.; O'Brien, Marion; Calkins, Susan D.; Keane, Susan P.; Shanahan, Lilly – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
A growing body of literature indicates that childhood emotion regulation predicts later success with peers, yet little is known about the processes through which this association occurs. The current study examined mechanisms through which emotion regulation was associated with later peer acceptance and peer rejection, controlling for earlier…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Peer Acceptance, Rejection (Psychology), Child Behavior
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Cassano, Michael C.; Zeman, Janice L.; Sanders, Wesley M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
Parental socialization of children's sadness was examined through self-report, spouse report, and a parent-child sadness discussion task. A total of 79 two-parent, predominantly White, middle-class families participated with one child in grades 2-5 (44 sons; M = 9 years, 8 months). Analyses revealed that mothers and fathers respond differently to…
Descriptors: Mothers, Fathers, Parent Attitudes, Socialization
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Cappella, Elise; Neal, Jennifer Watling; Sahu, Neha – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
Informed by research on interpersonal perception, peer relationships, and classroom climate, this study examines predictors of children's agreement with classmates on their classroom social networks. Social network data, peer nominations of positive behavior, and classroom observations were collected from 418 second-grade to fourth-grade children…
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Observation, Coding, Classification
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Jobe-Shields, Lisa; Cohen, Robert; Parra, Gilbert R. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2011
Latent growth-mixture modeling was used to investigate patterns of change in loneliness for 170 children from third through fifth grades. A three-class model representing unique trajectories of loneliness provided the best overall fit to the data, including a Stable Low group (65%), as well as groups of Increasers (23%) and Decreasers (12%).…
Descriptors: Grades (Scholastic), Peer Relationship, Grade 3, Victims of Crime
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Palmen, Hanneke; Vermande, Marjolijn M.; Dekovic, Maja; van Aken, Marcel A. G. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2011
This study examined the longitudinal relations between competence (academic achievement and social preference) and problem behavior (loneliness and aggression) in 741 elementary school boys and girls in the Netherlands (Grades 1-5). Also, we examined the moderation effects of having no friends, aggressive friends, or nonaggressive friends on the…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Adjustment (to Environment), Foreign Countries, Grade 1
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Pillow, Bradford H.; Pearson, RaeAnne M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2009
Adults' and kindergarten through fourth-grade children's evaluations and explanations of inductive inferences, deductive inferences, and guesses were assessed. Beginning in kindergarten, participants rated deductions as more certain than weak inductions or guesses. Beginning in third grade, deductions were rated as more certain than strong…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Kindergarten, Grade 3, Inferences
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Morrison, Frederick J. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2009
The four articles in this issue exemplify several exciting trends in the ongoing effort to understand the nature and sources of children's academic trajectories. Particularly noteworthy is the common thread of searching for key parenting and child mediators of the connection between parental educational accomplishments and child outcomes. In an…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Adolescents, Academic Achievement, Trend Analysis
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Mrug, Sylvie; Hoza, Betsy – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2007
This study proposed and tested a developmental model of impression formation based on observed behavior, prior expectancies, and additional incongruent information. Participants were 51 kindergartners, 53 second graders, and 104 college students who provided trait and liking judgments after watching a child actor engage in behaviors from three…
Descriptors: Young Children, Kindergarten, Grade 2, Elementary School Students
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Leadbeater, Bonnie J.; Ohan, Jeneva L.; Hoglund, Wendy L. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2006
In this three-year longitudinal study, children were asked to choose the "best" strategy for dealing with hypothetical peer provocations and to justify "why" that was their choice at the end of first, second, and third grades. Teachers and parents also rated children's emotional and behavioral problems. Children's justifications were subjected to…
Descriptors: Emotional Problems, Behavior Problems, Grade 3, Elementary School Students