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Ivie, Stanley D. – McGill Journal of Education, 2017
Metaphor is a critical tool for thought. Lying at the heart of every systematic body of knowledge are three root metaphors--mechanism, organism, and mind. Historically, schools of philosophy--realism, naturalism, and idealism--have grown up around these metaphors. The root metaphors and their corresponding philosophies provide the paradigms…
Descriptors: Figurative Language, Educational Philosophy, Models, Educational History
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Ivie, Stanley D. – McGill Journal of Education, 2007
Humanity delights in spinning conceptual models of the world. These models, in turn, mirror their respective root metaphors. Three root metaphors--spiritual, organic, and mechanical--have dominated western thought. The spiritual metaphor runs from Plato, through Hegel, and connects with Montessori. The organic metaphor extends from Aristotle,…
Descriptors: Figurative Language, Models, Educational Objectives, Role of Education