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Ozkok, Alev; Walker, Scott L.; Buyukozturk, Sener – Learning Environments Research, 2009
The primary aim of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of a Turkish version of the Distance Education Learning Environment Survey (DELES) in post-secondary distance education. The second aim was to investigate empirically the conceptualisation of the distance education learning environment as a singular latent construct, within…
Descriptors: Distance Education, Test Validity, Factor Structure, Educational Environment
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Nix, Rebekah K.; Fraser, Barry J.; Ledbetter, Cynthia E. – Learning Environments Research, 2005
This article reports the validity and use of a new form of the Constructivist Learning Environment Survey (CLES). As part of a larger study, a comparative student version (CLES-CS) was developed to evaluate the impact of an innovative teacher development program (based on the Integrated Science Learning Environment, ISLE, model) in school…
Descriptors: Constructivism (Learning), Field Trips, Student Attitudes, Test Validity