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Kong, Jennifer E.; Swanson, H. Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
English learners (ELs) experience difficulty with mathematical problem solving because word problems require complex processes beyond basic math skills, such as the use of linguistic information, identifying relevant information, and constructing the appropriate problem statement. This study used a combined multiple baseline design and criterion…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving, English Language Learners, Difficulty Level
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O'Connor, Rollanda E.; Beach, Kristen D.; Sanchez, Victoria M.; Kim, Joyce J.; Knight-Teague, Kerri; Orozco, Guadalupe; Jones, Brian T. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
Adolescents with disabilities have great difficulty with academic content in middle school, and their teachers have difficulty teaching them to understand and use academic language. We taught teachers of sixth-grade students with learning disabilities, more than half of whom were also English language learners (ELLs), to implement about 15 min of…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Grade 6, Academic Language, Vocabulary
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Shen, Mei; Troia, Gary A. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2018
This study used a multiple-probe, multiple-baseline single-case design to investigate the efficacy of planning, and then revising strategy instruction using self-regulated strategy development on the compare-contrast writing performance of three late elementary students with language-learning disabilities. After receiving the planning instruction,…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Children, Language Acquisition, Language Impairments
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McGrath, Allison L.; Hughes, Marie Tejero – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2018
Students with learning disabilities (LD) often receive instruction in general education science classrooms. However, little is known about the academic success of students with LD in this setting. As inquiry-based science instruction has become more prominent, research focusing on student learning is needed to explore how such instruction meets…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Inquiry, Active Learning, Success
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Cook, Sara Cothren; Rao, Kavita – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2018
Based on the premise that instruction should be designed from the outset to reduce barriers, Universal Design for Learning (UDL) guidelines provide a set of flexible options and scaffolds to ensure access for all learners. Using the UDL framework, teachers and researchers can systematically adapt effective practices that have been established by…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Best Practices, Access to Education, Guidelines
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Marita, Samantha; Hord, Casey – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2017
Recent educational policy has raised the standards that all students, including students with disabilities, must meet in mathematics. To examine the strategies currently used to support students with learning disabilities, the authors reviewed literature from 2006 to 2014 on mathematics interventions for students with learning disabilities. The 12…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, High School Students, Learning Disabilities, Secondary School Mathematics
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Graham, Steve; Harris, Karen R.; Bartlett, Brendan J.; Popadopoulou, Eleni; Santoro, Julia – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2016
One hundred twenty-five primary-grade teachers randomly selected from across the United States indicated how frequently they made 20 instructional adaptations for the struggling writers in their classroom. The measure of frequency ranged from never, several times a year, monthly, weekly, several times a week, and daily. Using a 6-point Likert-type…
Descriptors: Writing Difficulties, Writing Instruction, Writing Teachers, Instructional Innovation
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McKenna, John William; Shin, Mikyung; Ciullo, Stephen – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2015
Systematically observing instruction for students with learning disabilities (LD) provides information regarding the quality of school-based interventions, allocation of instructional time, and other implementation variables associated with student outcomes. In this synthesis, observation studies of reading and mathematics instruction from 2000 to…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Reading Instruction, Learning Disabilities, Observation
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Helman, Amanda L.; Calhoon, Mary Beth; Kern, Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2015
This study investigated the effects of a combined contextual and morphemic analysis strategy to increase prediction and analysis of science vocabulary words by three high school (9th--10th grade) English language learners with reading disabilities. A multiple baseline across participants design was used. Students analyzed science words using the…
Descriptors: Prediction, Vocabulary, Science Instruction, Reading Difficulties
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Powell, Sarah R.; Driver, Melissa K. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2015
Researchers and practitioners indicate students require explicit instruction on mathematics vocabulary terms, yet no study has examined the effects of an embedded vocabulary component within mathematics tutoring for early elementary students. First-grade students with mathematics difficulty (MD; n = 98) were randomly assigned to addition tutoring…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Vocabulary, Tutoring, Elementary School Students
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Ashworth, Kristen E.; Pullen, Paige C. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2015
The purpose of this study was to compare the results of a regression discontinuity design (RDD) with those of an experimental design of a tiered vocabulary intervention for children at risk for reading disability to determine RDD's feasibility as a research methodology for this type of study. Researchers reanalyzed an archival dataset of a…
Descriptors: Vocabulary, Intervention, At Risk Students, Reading Difficulties
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Kennedy, Michael J.; Thomas, Cathy Newman; Meyer, J. Patrick; Alves, Kat D.; Lloyd, John Wills – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2014
Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is a framework that is commonly used for guiding the construction and delivery of instruction intended to support all students. In this study, we used a related model to guide creation of a multimedia-based instructional tool called content acquisition podcasts (CAPs). CAPs delivered vocabulary instruction…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Evidence, Vocabulary Development, Learning Disabilities
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Feiker Hollenbeck, Amy R. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2013
This investigation extends the study of the reading comprehension practices used with students with learning disabilities (LD) via a case study, exploring the beliefs and practices in reading comprehension of "Wendy," a cross-categorical special educator nominated as effective in her work with sixth-grade students. Wendy's practices serve as a…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Reading Instruction, Reading Comprehension, Special Education Teachers
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Leh, Jayne M.; Jitendra, Asha K. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2013
This study compared the effectiveness of computer-mediated instruction (CMI) and teacher-mediated instruction (TMI) on the word problem-solving performance of students struggling in mathematics. Both conditions integrated cognitive modeling that focused on the problem structure using visual representations with critical instructional elements…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Mathematics Achievement, At Risk Students, Achievement Tests
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Griffin, Cynthia C.; League, Martha B.; Griffin, Valerie L.; Bae, Jungah – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2013
In this exploratory study, teachers' use of standards-based, discourse practices and their students' mathematics learning in inclusive elementary mathematics classrooms were examined. Two beginning teachers (one third-grade teacher, one fourth-grade teacher) and six students identified with disabilities or as low performing in mathematics…
Descriptors: Accountability, Beginning Teachers, Mathematics Education, Mathematics Instruction
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