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Miciak, Jeremy; Cirino, Paul T.; Ahmed, Yusra; Reid, Erin; Vaughn, Sharon – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
Inadequate responders demonstrate significant risk for learning disabilities. Previous investigations of the cognitive profiles of inadequate and adequate responders have not included measures of executive functions (EFs), which have well-documented associations to reading comprehension. We evaluated EF performance on a common factor comprised of…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Response to Intervention, Identification, Reading Difficulties
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Milton, Jessica H.; Flores, Margaret M.; Moore, Alexcia J.; Taylor, Ja'Lia J.; Burton, Megan E. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
To meet increasingly complex mathematics standards in late elementary school, students must conceptually understand and be fluent in the operations of multiplication and division. This includes understanding the operations' inverse relation. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of alternating concrete-representational-abstract…
Descriptors: Multiplication, Arithmetic, Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics
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Ciullo, Stephen; Ely, Emily; McKenna, John William; Alves, Kat D.; Kennedy, Michael J. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
Researchers conducted an observation study to explore the instructional practices of special education teachers (N = 20) responsible for teaching reading to students with learning disabilities in Grades 4 and 5. With this study, researchers addressed gaps in previous related literature and improved understanding of how teachers spend their time…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Students with Disabilities, Learning Disabilities, Grade 4
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Kong, Jennifer E.; Swanson, H. Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
English learners (ELs) experience difficulty with mathematical problem solving because word problems require complex processes beyond basic math skills, such as the use of linguistic information, identifying relevant information, and constructing the appropriate problem statement. This study used a combined multiple baseline design and criterion…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving, English Language Learners, Difficulty Level
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Robinson, Melissa F.; Meisinger, Elizabeth B.; Joyner, Rachel E. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
This study examined the effects of reading modality (oral vs. silent) on comprehension in elementary school students with a specific learning disability in reading (N = 77). A 2 (development-level) × 2 (reading modality) × 2 (time) mixed factorial analysis of variance (ANOVA) was conducted to determine the influence of these variables on…
Descriptors: Silent Reading, Oral Reading, Reading Comprehension, Factor Analysis
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Folsom, Jessica S.; Reed, Deborah K.; Aloe, Ariel M.; Schmitz, Sandra S. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
This study reports on the instruction provided in district-designed intensive summer reading programs. The Tier 3 intervention was provided to 374 students from 24 school districts who were not meeting the end of third-grade reading benchmarks; students were exiting third grade and entering fourth grade. Observations of the 40 classes were…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, Reading Programs, Phonics, Grade 4
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Reed, Deborah K. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
Interventions for individuals with or at risk for reading disability (RD) need not occur only during the typical school day. Educators and researchers have been actively seeking opportunities to extend literacy learning through home-based, summer, and other tutoring programs. Nevertheless, alternative settings can pose greater difficulty with…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Instruction, At Risk Students, Reading Difficulties
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Logan, Jessica A. R.; Dynia, Jaclyn M.; Justice, Laura M.; Sawyer, Brook – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
The overall purpose of this study was to examine caregivers' adherence to a storybook-reading intervention using latent class analysis (LCA). This study also examined whether adherence was related to child and family characteristics including children's language ability, caregiver education, and whether the child has a disability. Caregivers of…
Descriptors: Family Environment, Reading Programs, Family Characteristics, Language Skills
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Kiss, Allyson J.; Nelson, Gena; Christ, Theodore J. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
Despite the vast research on the early predictors of mathematics achievement, little research has investigated the predictors of various domains of mathematics (e.g., geometry, statistics). The purpose of the present study was to examine the predictive relation between first-grade early numeracy and computation skills and third-grade mathematics…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Achievement, Numeracy
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Martin, BrittanyLee N.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
The purpose of this study was to explore interactions between limited English proficiency (LEP) status, as a function of risk status (low math performance at the start of the school year), on computation and word-problem-solving performance. Among 260 first-grade students, classified as at-risk (AR) or not-at-risk (NAR) for math disability, we…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, At Risk Students, Grade 1, Elementary School Students
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Shen, Mei; Troia, Gary A. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2018
This study used a multiple-probe, multiple-baseline single-case design to investigate the efficacy of planning, and then revising strategy instruction using self-regulated strategy development on the compare-contrast writing performance of three late elementary students with language-learning disabilities. After receiving the planning instruction,…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Children, Language Acquisition, Language Impairments
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Morin, Lisa L.; Watson, Silvana M. R.; Hester, Peggy; Raver, Sharon – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2017
For students with mathematics difficulties (MD), math word problem solving is especially challenging. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a problem-solving strategy, bar model drawing, on the mathematical problem-solving skills of students with MD. The study extended previous research that suggested that schematic-based…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods, Word Problems (Mathematics)
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Dallas, William P. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2017
This study evaluated a scheduling methodology referred to as intervention-based scheduling to address the problem of practice regarding the fidelity of implementing Response to Intervention (RtI) in an existing school schedule design. Employing panel data, this study used fixed-effects regressions and first differences ordinary least squares (OLS)…
Descriptors: Response to Intervention, Sustainability, Fidelity, Regression (Statistics)
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Driver, Melissa K.; Powell, Sarah R. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2017
Word problems are prevalent on high-stakes assessments, and success on word problems has implications for grade promotion and graduation. Unfortunately, English Language Learners (ELLs) continue to perform significantly below their native English-speaking peers on mathematics assessments featuring word problems. Little is known about the…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Intervention, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Concepts
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Xin, Yan Ping; Tzur, Ron; Hord, Casey; Liu, Jia; Park, Joo Young; Si, Luo – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2017
The Common Core Mathematics Standards have raised expectations for schools and students in the United States. These standards demand much deeper content knowledge from teachers of mathematics and their students. Given the increasingly diverse student population in today's classrooms and shortage of qualified special education teachers,…
Descriptors: Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Computer Assisted Instruction, Mathematics Instruction, Learning Disabilities
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