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Kong, Jennifer E.; Swanson, H. Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
English learners (ELs) experience difficulty with mathematical problem solving because word problems require complex processes beyond basic math skills, such as the use of linguistic information, identifying relevant information, and constructing the appropriate problem statement. This study used a combined multiple baseline design and criterion…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving, English Language Learners, Difficulty Level
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Swanson, H. Lee; Moran, Amber; Lussier, Cathy; Fung, Wenson – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of explicit, direct, and generative strategy training and working memory capacity (WMC) on mathematical word problem-solving accuracy in elementary schoolchildren. In this study, children in third grade ("N" = 82) identified as at risk for math difficulties (MD) were randomly…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Achievement, Word Problems (Mathematics)
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Zheng, Xinhua; Flynn, Lindsay J.; Swanson, H. Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2013
This article provides a quantitative synthesis of the published literature on word problem solving intervention studies for children with math disabilities (MD). Seven group and eight single-subject design studies met inclusion criteria. Mean effect sizes ("ES"s) for solution accuracy for group design studies were 0.95 (SE = 0.19) for…
Descriptors: Intervention, Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving, Learning Disabilities
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Swanson, H. Lee; Moran, Amber S.; Bocian, Kathleen; Lussier, Cathy; Zheng, Xinhua – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2013
This study investigated the role of generative strategies and working memory capacity on word problem solving accuracy in children with math difficulties (MD). Within classrooms, children in Grade 3 with MD ("n" = 69) were randomly assigned to one of three treatment conditions: paraphrase question propositions (Restate), paraphrase…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Learning Strategies, Comprehension, Short Term Memory
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Jerman, Olga; Reynolds, Chandra; Swanson, H. Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2012
The present study investigated whether (a) growth patterns related to cognitive processing (working memory, updating, inhibition) differed in subgroups of children with reading disabilities (RD) and (b) growth in working memory (executive processing) predicted growth in other cognitive areas, such as reading and math. Seventy-three children (ages…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Inhibition, Short Term Memory, Decoding (Reading)
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Johnson, Evelyn S.; Humphrey, Michael; Mellard, Daryl F.; Woods, Kari; Swanson, H. Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2010
Many practitioners and state education agency staff would likely agree that the accuracy and consistency of specific learning disability (SLD) eligibility decisions is in need of improvement. One component of the SLD definition particularly controversial in the identification procedures is the evaluation of cognitive processes, primarily due to a…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Eligibility, Disability Identification, Cognitive Processes
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Trainin, Guy; Swanson, H. Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2005
This study examined the way successful college students with LD compensated for their deficits in phonological processing. Successful was defined as average or above-average grades in college coursework. The study compared the cognitive and metacognitive performance of students with and without LD (N = 40). Although achievement levels for both…
Descriptors: College Students, Metacognition, Learning Disabilities, Academic Achievement
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Swanson, H. Lee; Howard, Crystal B. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2005
This study was conducted to determine whether the cognitive performance of reading disabled and poor readers can be separated under dynamic assessment procedures, and whether measures related to dynamic assessment add unique variance, beyond IO, in predicting reading achievement scores. The sample consisted of 70 children (39 females and 31…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Reading Difficulties, Comparative Analysis, Scores
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King-Sears, Margaret E.; Boudah, Daniel J.; Goodwin, Marilyn W.; Raskind, Marshall H.; Swanson, H. Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2004
This article presents a synthesis of articles discussed as part of the research symposium at the 25th international conference on learning disabilities by the Council for Learning Disabilities, October 11, 2003. Educators attempting to keep up with the most recent research readily acknowledge that there is too much to read and too little time for…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Educational Research, Teaching Methods, Identification
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Lardieri, Leigh A.; Blacher, Jan; Swanson, H. Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2000
Parents (N=67) and siblings (N=71) of children with and without learning disabilities (LD) and/or behavior problems were interviewed. The primary indicator of the impact of a child with LD on siblings and parents was whether the child also had behavior problems. Results also indicated that LD children and siblings differed in perceptions of…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Family Problems, Interpersonal Relationship, Interviews
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Swanson, H. Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2000
Four issues facing the field of learning disabilities are discussed: (1) defining learning disabilities in terms of discrepancy scores; (2) delineating the boundaries of how specific a learning disability must be; (3) identifying treatments with scientific credibility; and (4) implementing instructional policy that is in the best interest of the…
Descriptors: Definitions, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Eligibility
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Swanson, H. Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 1982
An information processing approach to the assessment of learning disabled students' intellectual performance is presented. The model is based on the assumption that intelligent behavior is comprised of a variety of problem- solving strategies. An account of child problem solving is explained and illustrated with a "thinking aloud" protocol.…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Concept Formation, Decision Making, Diagnostic Teaching
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Swanson, H. Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 1983
The role of subvocalization in 12 learning disabled (LD) adolescent readers' comprehension difficulties was studied. Nondisabled and LD readers were compared on silent reading and listening comprehension of noun lexical, verb lexical, semantic, and inferential sentences under conditions of suppressed and nonsuppressed subvocalization. (Author/SW)
Descriptors: Decoding (Reading), Elementary Secondary Education, Inner Speech (Subvocal), Learning Disabilities
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Swanson, H. Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 1980
The Continuous Performance Test was administered to 16 normal and 16 learning disabled males (CA 12.5) to test the proposition that learning disabled children manifest an attention deficit related to reading performance. (Author)
Descriptors: Attention, Elementary Education, Exceptional Child Research, Learning Disabilities
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O'Shaughnessy, Tam E.; Swanson, H. Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 1998
A study synthesized findings of 41 studies that compared children with and without learning disabilities in reading on immediate-memory performance. Results indicate children with learning disabilities were distinctly disadvantaged compared to average readers when memory manipulations required the naming of visual information and task conditions…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Elementary Secondary Education, Learning Disabilities, Memory
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