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Leber, Jasmin; Renkl, Alexander; Nückles, Matthias; Wäschle, Kristin – Learning: Research and Practice, 2018
According to the model of constructive alignment, learners adjust their learning strategies to the announced assessment (backwash effect). Hence, when teaching for understanding, the assessment method should be aligned with this teaching goal to ensure that learners engage in corresponding learning strategies. A quasi-experimental field study with…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Testing Problems, Educational Objectives, Learning Motivation
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Loibl, Katharina; Rummel, Nikol – Learning: Research and Practice, 2015
Learners who lack knowledge often also lack the ability to assess their limited competence correctly. Due to the incorrect self-assessment, they are unlikely to apply strategies that would help them to acquire relevant knowledge. This effect is known as the double curse of incompetence. When students solve problems prior to being taught the…
Descriptors: Failure, Problem Solving, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Competence