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Sinclair, Jeanne; Lau, Clarissa – Language and Education, 2018
It is common practice for K-12 schools to assess multilingual students' language proficiency to determine language support program placement. Because such programs can provide essential scaffolding, the policies guiding these assessments merit careful consideration. It is well accepted that quality assessments must be valid (representative of the…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Student Placement
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Gorter, Durk; Cenoz, Jasone – Language and Education, 2017
In this article, we establish direct links between language policy on the one hand and assessment in multilingual contexts on the other hand. We illustrate the bi-directional relationship with the examples of the USA, Canada, and the Basque Country. That comparison is placed in the context of the changing views about the use of languages in…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Educational Policy, Language Planning, Correlation
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Roy, Sylvie; Schafer, Paul-Christophe – Language and Education, 2015
This paper looks at reading in French immersion and how learning French is seen more as a skill rather than a social practice that could be examined through a more critical lens. Most of the teachers often teach students how to read but rarely will they discuss the role of French in Canadian society and how this is manifested in the texts they…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, French, Immersion Programs, Second Language Learning
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Zhang, Fengjuan; Zhan, Ju – Language and Education, 2014
This study explores the knowledge base of non-native English-speaking teachers (NNESTs) working in the Canadian English as a second language (ESL) context. By examining NNESTs' experiences in seeking employment and teaching ESL in Canada, and investigating ESL program administrators' perceptions and hiring practices in relation to NNESTs, it…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, Language Teachers