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Abd-Kadir, Jan; Hardman, Frank – Language and Education, 2007
This paper explores the discourse of whole class teaching in Kenyan and Nigerian primary school English lessons. Twenty lessons were analysed using a system of discourse analysis focusing on the teacher-led three-part exchange sequence of Initiation-Response-Feedback (IRF). The focus of the analysis was on the first and third part of the IRF…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Discourse Analysis, Classroom Communication, Foreign Countries
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Williamson, John; Hardman, Frank – Language and Education, 1997
Examines a wide range of writing tasks of 11- and 15-year-old students from four regions of England to establish the relative importance of nonstandard dialect as a factor in deviation from standard English norms in writing. (Author/JL)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Childrens Writing, Foreign Countries, Nonstandard Dialects
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Williamson, John; Hardman, Frank – Language and Education, 1995
Investigated levels of grammatical knowledge among 99 trainee primary school teachers in England and Wales. The study focused on clause and sentence structure to investigate the students' ability to apply their knowledge to analysis of children's writing and to explore the implications of proposed revisions to English in the national curriculum.…
Descriptors: College Students, Curriculum Development, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Teachers