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Showing 1 to 15 of 1,109 results Save | Export
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Pfenninger, Simone E.; Singleton, David – Language Learning, 2019
Despite contrary research findings, many laypeople still claim that starting second language (L2) instruction early yields linguistic advantages. This assertion is again undermined by a 5-year longitudinal study conducted in Switzerland testing the English language skills of 636 secondary-school students who had all learned Standard German and…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction, Secondary School Students
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Hulstijn, Jan H. – Language Learning, 2019
This article proposes basic (shared) and extended (nonshared) language cognition in native speakers as a function of two types of extralinguistic attributes: (a) degree of being multilingual and (b) variables related to amount and type of literacy experiences (e.g., level of education). This approach may throw new light on the question of whether…
Descriptors: Native Speakers, Comparative Analysis, Second Language Learning, Language Proficiency
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van de Ven, Marco; Segers, Eliane; Verhoeven, Ludo – Language Learning, 2019
This longitudinal randomized trial study investigated the effects of phonological specificity training on second language (L2) vocabulary learning. Eighty-six Dutch secondary-school students participated in one of two experimental conditions or in an animacy judgment (active control) condition. Participants in the phonological specificity training…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Vocabulary Development, Phonology, Pretests Posttests
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Trecca, Fabio; McCauley, Stewart M.; Andersen, Sofie Riis; Bleses, Dorthe; Basbøll, Hans; Højen, Anders; Madsen, Thomas O.; Ribu, Ingeborg Sophie Bjønness; Christiansen, Morten H. – Language Learning, 2019
Research has shown that contoids (phonetically defined consonants) may provide more robust and reliable cues to syllable and word boundaries than vocoids (phonetically defined vowels). Recent studies of Danish, a language characterized by frequent long sequences of vocoids in speech, have suggested that the reduced occurrence of contoids may make…
Descriptors: Indo European Languages, Phonetics, Cues, Linguistic Theory
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Huang, Xiaoyi; Kim, Nayoung; Christianson, Kiel – Language Learning, 2019
When introducing new words in a second language (L2), presenting vocabulary with concurrent gestures might facilitate learners' recollection of new words. Previous research has suggested that this gestural advantage might hold only for gestures that overlap with the semantics of the words. Dual coding theory predicts that learners should learn…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Vocabulary Development, Second Language Learning, Coding
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Weber, Kirsten; Christiansen, Morten H.; Indefrey, Peter; Hagoort, Peter – Language Learning, 2019
New linguistic information must be integrated into our existing language system. Using a novel experimental task that incorporates a syntactic priming paradigm into artificial language learning, we investigated how new grammatical regularities and words are learned. This innovation allowed us to control the language input the learner received,…
Descriptors: Syntax, Second Language Learning, Task Analysis, Priming
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Dabrowska, Ewa – Language Learning, 2019
This study compares the performance of native speakers and adult second language (L2) learners on tasks tapping proficiency in grammar, vocabulary, and collocations. In addition, data were collected on several predictors of individual differences in linguistic attainment, including some related to language experience (print exposure, education,…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Native Speakers, Second Language Learning, Phrase Structure
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Karayayla, Tugba; Schmid, Monika S. – Language Learning, 2019
This investigation aimed to provide insights into the controversial debate on the role that age at onset of bilingualism plays in human language capacity with a focus on what it entails for first language (L1) attrition. L1 performance of Turkish immigrants (n = 57) in the United Kingdom with age at onset ranging between 7 and 34 years was…
Descriptors: Native Language, Language Skill Attrition, Second Language Learning, Age Differences
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Granena, Gisela; Yilmaz, Yucel – Language Learning, 2019
This study investigated the relative effectiveness of two instructional interventions (implicit and explicit feedback) as a function of implicit sequence-learning ability. Second language (L2) attainment was measured by means of a self-paced reading task, which shows online sensitivity to language errors. Implicit sequence-learning ability was…
Descriptors: Error Correction, Feedback (Response), Instructional Effectiveness, Intervention
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Kissine, Mikhail; Luffin, Xavier; Aiad, Fethia; Bourourou, Rym; Deliens, Gaétane; Gaddour, Naoufel – Language Learning, 2019
We have documented the significant presence of spontaneous and productive use of Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) in the speech of five Tunisian boys with autism, an unusual phenomenon. In typical development, MSA is not fully acquired before the late school years. The Arabic language in Tunisia is in a state of diglossia, and (unlike the colloquial…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Semitic Languages, Standard Spoken Usage, Autism
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Brooks, Patricia J.; Kempe, Vera – Language Learning, 2019
The Less-Is-More hypothesis was proposed to explain age-of-acquisition effects in first language (L1) and second language (L2) learning. We scrutinize different renditions of the hypothesis by examining how learning outcomes are affected by (a) limited cognitive capacity, (b) reduced interference resulting from less prior knowledge, and (c)…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Linguistic Theory, Age Differences, Native Language
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Lowie, Wander M.; Verspoor, Marjolijn H. – Language Learning, 2019
Traditional research into individual differences (ID) in second language (L2) learning is based on group studies with the implicit assumption that findings can be generalized to the individual. In this article, we challenge this view. We argue that L2 learners do not form ergodic ensembles and that language learning data lack stability. The data…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Second Language Learning, Learning Processes, Language Proficiency
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Hulme, Rachael C.; Barsky, Daria; Rodd, Jennifer M. – Language Learning, 2019
This study used a Web-based naturalistic story-reading paradigm to investigate the impact of number of exposures on incidental acquisition and long-term retention of new meanings for known words by native English-speaking adults. Participants read one of four custom written stories in which they encountered novel meanings (e.g., a safe concealed…
Descriptors: Incidental Learning, Vocabulary Development, Accuracy, Cues
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Kartushina, Natalia; Martin, Clara D. – Language Learning, 2019
Compared to low-variability training, high-variability training leads to better learning outcomes and supports generalization of learning. However, it is unclear whether the learning advantage is driven by multiple talkers or by enhanced acoustic variability across target sounds. The current study addressed this issue in nonnative production…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Articulation (Speech), Phonemics, French
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Curcic, Maja; Andringa, Sible; Kuiken, Folkert – Language Learning, 2019
This study investigated whether second language (L2) learners can develop predictive processing of determiners after a brief exposure to a novel language, and whether this depends on learners' awareness for the target structure and their cognitive aptitudes. One hundred L2 learners received auditory exposure to a miniature language based on Fijian…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Prediction, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Malayo Polynesian Languages
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