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Showing 76 to 90 of 192 results Save | Export
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Syrett, Kristen; Musolino, Julien – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2016
The way in which an event is packaged linguistically can be informative about the number of participants in the event and the nature of their participation. At times, however, a sentence is ambiguous, and pragmatic information weighs in to favor one interpretation over another. Whereas adults may readily know how to pick up on such cues to…
Descriptors: Semantics, Pragmatics, Child Language, Ambiguity (Semantics)
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Kim, Eunah; Baek, Soondo; Tremblay, Annie – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2015
This study investigates whether adult second language learners' online processing of "wh"-dependencies is constrained by island constraints on movement. Proficiency-matched Spanish and Korean learners of English completed a grammaticality judgment task and a stop-making-sense task designed to examine their knowledge of the relative…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Language Processing, Sentences, Language Proficiency
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Gutman, Ariel; Dautriche, Isabelle; Crabbé, Benoît; Christophe, Anne – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2015
The "syntactic bootstrapping" hypothesis proposes that syntactic structure provides children with cues for learning the meaning of novel words. In this article, we address the question of how children might start acquiring some aspects of syntax before they possess a sizeable lexicon. The study presents two models of early syntax…
Descriptors: Linguistic Theory, Language Research, Intonation, Suprasegmentals
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Omaki, Akira; Lidz, Jeffrey – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2015
Traditionally, acquisition of syntactic knowledge and the development of sentence comprehension behaviors have been treated as separate disciplines. This article reviews a growing body of work on the development of incremental sentence comprehension mechanisms and discusses how a better understanding of the developing parser can shed light on two…
Descriptors: Syntax, Language Acquisition, Language Research, Linguistic Input
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Thornton, Rosalind; Rombough, Kelly – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2015
To test between two recent accounts of the early stages in the acquisition of negation, we conducted an elicited production study with 25 children, between 2;05 and 3;04 (mean 2;11). The experimental study produced a robust set of negative sentences, with considerable individual variation. Although 13 of the child participants mainly produced…
Descriptors: Syntax, Language Acquisition, Language Research, Toddlers
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Becker, Misha – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2015
This article reports on two novel word-learning experiments examining children's use of subject animacy to categorize novel adjectives as either "tough" adjectives (e.g., "easy," "hard") or control adjectives ("afraid," "eager"). In Experiment 1, a group of 4- to 7-year-olds watched videos…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Form Classes (Languages), Semantics, Video Technology
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Sanoudaki, Eirini; Varlokosta, Spyridoula – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2015
Children acquiring a range of languages have difficulties in the interpretation of personal pronouns. Ongoing debates in the relevant literature concern the extent to which different pronoun types are subject to this phenomenon, as well as the role of methodology in relevant research. In this study, we use two different experimental tasks to…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Greek, Role, Research Methodology
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Altvater-Mackensen, Nicole; Fikkert, Paula – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2015
The present article investigates the acquisition of Manner of Articulation (MoA) contrasts in child language production. We analyzed spontaneous longitudinal speech data of four German and six Dutch 1- to 3-year-olds. The data suggest that the acquisition of MoA contrasts is influenced by various co-occurrence constraints at the word level.…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, Longitudinal Studies, German
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Arunachalam, Sudha; Waxman, Sandra R. – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2015
It is by now well established that toddlers use the linguistic context in which a new word--and particularly a new verb--appears to discover aspects of its meaning. But what aspects of the linguistic context are most useful? To begin to investigate this, we ask how 2-year-olds use two sources of linguistic information that are known to be useful…
Descriptors: Verbs, Language Acquisition, Syntax, Language Research
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Davidson, Kathryn; Mayberry, Rachel I. – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2015
Language acquisition involves learning not only grammatical rules and a lexicon but also what people are intending to convey with their utterances: the semantic/pragmatic component of language. In this article we separate the contributions of linguistic development and cognitive maturity to the acquisition of the semantic/pragmatic component of…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Semantics, Pragmatics, Deafness
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Rakhlin, Natalia; Kornilov, Sergey A.; Reich, Jodi; Grigorenko, Elena L. – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2015
We examined anaphora resolution in children with and without Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) to clarify whether (i) DLD is best understood as missing knowledge of certain linguistic operations/elements or as unreliable performance and (ii) if comprehension of sentences with anaphoric expressions as objects and exceptionally case marked (ECM)…
Descriptors: Russian, Developmental Disabilities, Language Processing, Accuracy
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Mateu, Victoria Eugenia – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2015
This study explores the widely documented difficulty children have with object clitics in the acquisition of Romance languages. It reports on two experiments: a production task and a comprehension task. Results from the elicitation task confirm that object omission occurs at nonnegligible rates in 2- and 3-year-olds. Findings from the…
Descriptors: Spanish, Language Processing, Short Term Memory, Language Acquisition
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Lippeveld, Marie; Oshima-Takane, Yuriko – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2015
Using an observational task followed by an experimental task with an Intermodal Preferential Looking Paradigm, we examined the effect of input on children's acquisition of class extension rules by investigating the relationship between the amount of polysemous noun-verb pairs in French-speaking 2-year-olds' input and both their spontaneous…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Nouns, Verbs, Linguistic Input
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Schmid, Monika S. – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2014
A controversial topic in research on second-language acquisition is whether residual variability and optionality in high-proficiency late second-language (L2) learners is merely the outcome of cross-linguistic transfer, competition, and processing limitations, or whether late learners have an underlying representational deficit due to maturational…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Second Language Learning, Language Skill Attrition, Transfer of Training
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Waldmann, Christian – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2014
This article examines the acquisition of embedded verb placement in Swedish children, focusing on Neg-V and V-Neg order. It is proposed that a principle of economy of movement creates an overuse of V-Neg order in embedded clauses and that the low frequency of the target-consistent Neg-V order in child-directed speech obstructs children from…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Swedish, Verbs, Phrase Structure
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