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Showing 46 to 60 of 192 results Save | Export
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Fodor, Janet Dean – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
An evaluation measure (EM) guides a learner's choice of grammar when more than one is compatible with available input. EM must be universal, so children receiving comparable input acquire comparable grammars. It must favor the choices children actually make. The theoretical shift from rule-based grammars to principles-and-parameter-based grammars…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Child Language, Language Acquisition, Grammar
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Yang, Charles – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
I review the classic literature in generative grammar and Marr's three-level program for cognitive science to defend the Evaluation Metric as a psychological theory of language learning. Focusing on well-established facts of language variation, change, and use, I argue that optimal statistical principles embodied in Bayesian inference models are…
Descriptors: Language Research, Generative Grammar, Language Acquisition, Cognitive Science
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Fukuda, Shin – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
This study investigates the knowledge of unaccusativity in Japanese native, heritage, and second/foreign language speakers with respect to licensing of floating numeral quantifiers (FNQs) by unaccusative and unergative subjects (the "FNQ diagnostic"). Two acceptability judgment experiments were conducted to examine (i) whether and how…
Descriptors: Japanese, Second Language Learning, Form Classes (Languages), Language Research
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Pozzan, Lucia; Valian, Virginia – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
We compare the predictions of two different accounts of first language acquisition by investigating the relative contributions of abstract syntax and input frequency to the elicited production of main and embedded questions by 36 monolingual English-speaking toddlers aged 3;00 to 5;11. In particular, we investigate whether children's accuracy…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, Language Research, Comparative Analysis
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Schwartz, Misha; Goad, Heather – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
This article proposes that second language learners can use indirect positive evidence (IPE) to acquire a phonological grammar that is a subset of their L1 grammar. IPE is evidence from errors in the learner's L1 made by native speakers of the learner's L2. It has been assumed that subset grammars may be acquired using direct or indirect negative…
Descriptors: Grammar, Native Language, Language Acquisition, Second Language Learning
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Håkansson, Gisela – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
This article suggests a method to deal with cross-linguistic differences in children with Specific Language Impairment. The differences in vulnerable structures reflect typological properties of the surrounding language (e.g., Leonard 2014a, 2014b). This article adds a developmental perspective to the discussion by interpreting the vulnerable…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Language Acquisition, Second Language Learning, Bilingualism
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Xu, Ting; Snyder, William – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
When "again" modifies an English goal-PP construction, the sentence is ambiguous between a repetitive and a restitutive reading. Interestingly, languages vary in whether their counterpart to English "again" permits a restitutive reading with goal-PP constructions (Beck 2005; Beck & Snyder 2001). This article explores how…
Descriptors: Phrase Structure, English, Syntax, Ambiguity (Semantics)
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Forys-Nogala, Malgorzata; Haman, Ewa; Katsos, Napoleon; Krajewski, Grzegorz; Schulz, Petra – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
This study investigates relationships between acquisition of exhaustivity in single and multiple "wh"-questions, mastery of semantic and pragmatic aspects of quantifier comprehension, and general skills in receptive grammar. The participants of the study were 25 Polish monolingual typically developing children aged 4;02-6;02, who were…
Descriptors: Syntax, Semantics, Pragmatics, Grammar
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Kim, Chae-Eun; O'Grady, William; Deen, Kamil; Kim, Kitaek – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
This article shows that the Korean Extrinsic Plural Marker (EPM) may be acquired by children on the basis of very little evidence. The EPM marks distributivity, unlike the Instrinsic Plural Marker, which marks plurality. Thirty monolingual learners of Korean aged 5;03 to 6;09 (mean age 6;01) were tested using a series of Truth Value Judgment Tasks…
Descriptors: Monolingualism, Pretests Posttests, Experimental Groups, Control Groups
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Gharibi, Khadijeh; Boers, Frank – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
This study investigates whether young heritage speakers, either simultaneous or sequential bilinguals, have limited vocabulary knowledge in their family language compared to matched monolingual counterparts and, if so, what factors help to account for this difference. These factors include age, age at emigration, length of emigration, frequency of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Statistical Analysis, Monolingualism, Bilingualism
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Jarosz, Gaja; Calamaro, Shira; Zentz, Jason – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
This article examines phonological development and its relationship to input statistics. Using novel data from a longitudinal corpus of spontaneous child speech in Polish, we evaluate and compare the predictions of a variety of input-based phonotactic models for syllable structure acquisition. We find that many commonly examined input statistics…
Descriptors: Polish, Syllables, Phonological Awareness, Longitudinal Studies
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Brentari, Diane; Coppola, Marie; Cho, Pyeong Whan; Senghas, Ann – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
In this article two dimensions of handshape complexity are analyzed as potential building blocks of phonological contrast-joint complexity and finger group complexity. We ask whether sign language patterns are elaborations of those seen in the gestures produced by hearing people without speech (pantomime) or a more radical reorganization of them.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Sign Language, Difficulty Level, Phonology
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Pearl, Lisa; Ho, Timothy; Detrano, Zephyr – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
It has long been recognized that there is a natural dependence between theories of knowledge representation and theories of knowledge acquisition, with the idea that the right knowledge representation enables acquisition to happen as reliably as it does. Given this, a reasonable criterion for a theory of knowledge representation is that it be…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Linguistic Theory, Grammar, Qualitative Research
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Foushee, Ruthe; Falkou, Naoual; Li, Peggy – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
Inspired by Syrett (2013), three experiments explored children's ability to distinguish "attributives" (e.g., "three-pound strawberries," where MPs as adjectives signal reference to attributes) versus "pseudopartitives" (e.g., "three pounds of strawberries," where MPs combine with "of" to signal…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Syntax, Semantics, Cognitive Mapping
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Cremers, Alexandre; Tieu, Lyn; Chemla, Emmanuel – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
Questions, just like plain declarative sentences, can give rise to multiple interpretations. As discussed by Spector & Egré (2015), among others, questions embedded under know are ambiguous between "weakly exhaustive" (WE), "intermediate exhaustive" (IE), and "strongly exhaustive" (SE) interpretations (for…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Ambiguity (Semantics), Comparative Analysis, Enrichment
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