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Jesus, Alice; Marques, Rui; Santos, Ana Lúcia – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2019
This article focuses on the acquisition of mood in early complement clauses of European Portuguese (EP). Two semantic features are involved in the EP mood system--epistemicity and veridicality. An elicited production task administered to 80 children aged 4 to 9 showed that, even though children use the subjunctive in [-- epistemic] contexts, the…
Descriptors: Semantics, Portuguese, Verbs, Preschool Children
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Legendre, Geraldine; Gorashi, Yara; Krasnik, Sarah; Koulaguina, Elena – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2019
We reexamine the distribution of nonfinite root forms (NRFs) in Child French on the basis of two novel spontaneous speech corpora focusing on two issues that have increasingly dominated recent analyses of French on the one hand and NRFs/RIs on the other. First, we argue that the level of NRF production peaking at ~24% is in line with the…
Descriptors: French, Child Language, Language Acquisition, Speech
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Fodor, Janet Dean – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
An evaluation measure (EM) guides a learner's choice of grammar when more than one is compatible with available input. EM must be universal, so children receiving comparable input acquire comparable grammars. It must favor the choices children actually make. The theoretical shift from rule-based grammars to principles-and-parameter-based grammars…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Child Language, Language Acquisition, Grammar
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Yang, Charles – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
I review the classic literature in generative grammar and Marr's three-level program for cognitive science to defend the Evaluation Metric as a psychological theory of language learning. Focusing on well-established facts of language variation, change, and use, I argue that optimal statistical principles embodied in Bayesian inference models are…
Descriptors: Language Research, Generative Grammar, Language Acquisition, Cognitive Science
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Omaki, Akira; Lidz, Jeffrey – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2015
Traditionally, acquisition of syntactic knowledge and the development of sentence comprehension behaviors have been treated as separate disciplines. This article reviews a growing body of work on the development of incremental sentence comprehension mechanisms and discusses how a better understanding of the developing parser can shed light on two…
Descriptors: Syntax, Language Acquisition, Language Research, Linguistic Input
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Waldmann, Christian – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2014
This article examines the acquisition of embedded verb placement in Swedish children, focusing on Neg-V and V-Neg order. It is proposed that a principle of economy of movement creates an overuse of V-Neg order in embedded clauses and that the low frequency of the target-consistent Neg-V order in child-directed speech obstructs children from…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Swedish, Verbs, Phrase Structure
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Miller, Karen – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2013
Two recent proposals link the use of nonagreeing "don't" to the Root Infinitive (RI) Stage. Guasti & Rizzi (2002) argue for a misset parameter involving how agreement is spelled out. Schütze (2010) proposes that Infl is underspecified in child language and that "do" surfaces to support the contracted clitic/affix…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Linguistic Input, Linguistic Theory, Child Language
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Unsworth, Sharon – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2013
This study compares the development of three different types of bilingual/second language children in their acquisition of gender-marking on adjectives in Dutch to investigate whether there is evidence for age-of-onset effects in early childhood as proposed by Meisel (2009). The three groups of children are: simultaneous bilingual children,…
Descriptors: Indo European Languages, Bilingualism, Second Language Learning, Monolingualism
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Perovic, Alexandra; Modyanova, Nadya; Wexler, Ken – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2013
This study investigates whether distinct neurodevelopmental disorders show distinct patterns of impairments in particular grammatical abilities and the relation of those grammatical patterns to general language delays and intellectual disabilities. We studied two disorders (autism and Williams syndrome [WS]) and two distinct properties (Principle…
Descriptors: Grammar, Autism, Language Impairments, Genetic Disorders
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Lichtman, Karen – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2013
Conventional wisdom holds that children learn languages implicitly whereas older learners learn languages explicitly, and some have claimed that after puberty only explicit language learning is possible. However, older learners often receive more explicit instruction than child L2 learners, which may affect their learning strategies. This study…
Descriptors: Puberty, Grammar, Learning Strategies, Second Language Learning
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Marinis, Theodoros; Saddy, Douglas – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2013
Twenty-five monolingual (L1) children with specific language impairment (SLI), 32 sequential bilingual (L2) children, and 29 L1 controls completed the Test of Active & Passive Sentences-Revised (van der Lely 1996) and the Self-Paced Listening Task with Picture Verification for actives and passives (Marinis 2007). These revealed important…
Descriptors: Developmental Stages, Language Impairments, Bilingualism, Monolingualism
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Ionin, Tania; Montrul, Silvina; Kim, Ji-Hye; Philippov, Vadim – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2011
English uses three types of generic NPs: bare plurals ("Lions are dangerous"), definite singulars ("The lion is dangerous"), and indefinite singulars ("A lion is dangerous"). These three NP types are not interchangeable: definite singulars and bare plurals can have generic reference at the NP-level, while indefinite singulars are compatible only…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Second Language Learning, Nouns, Phrase Structure
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Pearl, Lisa S. – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2011
Parametric systems have been proposed as models of how humans represent knowledge about language, motivated in part as a way to explain children's rapid acquisition of linguistic knowledge. Given this, it seems reasonable to examine if children with knowledge of parameters could in fact acquire the adult system from the data available to them.…
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Phonology, Grammar, Knowledge Representation
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Berent, Iris; Harder, Katherine; Lennertz, Tracy – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2011
Across languages, onsets with large sonority distances are preferred to those with smaller distances (e.g., "bw greater than bd greater than lb"; Greenberg 1978). Optimality Theory (Prince & Smolensky 2004) attributes such facts to grammatical restrictions that are universally active in all grammars. To test this hypothesis, here we…
Descriptors: Language Universals, Phonology, Preschool Children, Language Research
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Rothman, Jason; Iverson, Michael – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2008
Coupling a review of previous studies on the acquisition of grammatical aspects undertaken from contrasting paradigmatic views of second language acquisition (SLA) with new experimental data from L2 Portuguese, the present study contributes to this specific literature as well as general debates in L2 epistemology. We tested 31 adult English…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Semantics, Syntax, Second Language Learning
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