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Gilliland, Betsy – L2 Journal, 2018
Ivan (pseudonym), the son of Mexican migrant farmworkers, rarely spent more than six months in the same school and by high school was still classified as an English language learner. This article traces Ivan's experiences as a language learner and writer, telling his story in his own words through his writing and ethnographic data collected during…
Descriptors: Migrant Children, Literacy, English Language Learners, Mexican American Education
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Johnson, Jennifer T. – L2 Journal, 2017
Symbolic competence, "the ability to actively manipulate and shape one's environment on multiple scales of time and space" (Kramsch & Whiteside, 2008, p. 667), offers researchers and educators the ability to understand how learners position themselves. This positioning involves a vying for semiotic resources as a means to question…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Deafness, Hearing (Physiology), Power Structure
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Back, Michele – L2 Journal, 2016
Symbolic competence (Kramsch, 2009, 2011) has been proposed as a crucial addition to world language learning, as it enables a language learner to negotiate the complex symbolism of words, expressions, and discursive events from the target culture in order to reference them effectively and in the appropriate contexts. However, fostering symbolic…
Descriptors: Competence, Second Language Learning, Interaction, Peer Teaching