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Showing 166 to 180 of 317 results Save | Export
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McNeill, Katherine L.; Krajcik, Joseph – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2009
We investigated how 2 different curricular scaffolds (context-specific vs. generic), teacher instructional practices, and the interaction between these 2 types of support influenced students' learning of science content and their ability to write scientific arguments to explain phenomena. The context-specific scaffolds provided students with hints…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Teaching Methods, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Writing Instruction
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Gresalfi, Melissa Sommerfeld – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2009
This article presents an analysis of how students' dispositions toward learning shift and change over time through their engagement with particular classroom practices and identifies classroom practices that support the development of more productive dispositions. An analysis of 4 purposefully selected students from 2 different classrooms reveals…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Mathematics Instruction, Student Attitudes, Attitude Change
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Reber, Rolf; Hetland, Hilde; Chen, Weiqin; Norman, Elisabeth; Kobbeltvedt, Therese – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2009
We investigated example choice as a new method for the teaching of formal theoretical principles. Formal principles are presented with several examples from different topics, and students choose the one that interests them most. Example choice might be related to prior knowledge, interest, or perceived control. In an experimental study, we…
Descriptors: Selection, Student Interests, Prior Learning, Concept Teaching
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Thadani, Vandana; Stevens, Ronald H.; Tao, Annie – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2009
There is a growing national recognition that teachers and teaching are at the heart of successful educational reform. However, few tools exist for measuring classroom instruction. The primary purpose of this article is to describe methods we developed to measure and study teaching, specifically while teachers were using a multimedia intervention…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Educational Change, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Taylor, Edd V. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2009
The purpose of this 2-part study was to explore the mathematical and purchasing competencies present in students' engagement in shopping practices in a low-income African American neighborhood. Study 1 consisted of in situ analyses of children's shopping activities at a local store, revealing the variety of arithmetic tasks that emerged in…
Descriptors: African American Students, Low Income Groups, Purchasing, Mathematics
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Penuel, William R.; Gallagher, Lawrence P. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2009
This study compared the efficacy of 3 approaches to professional development in middle school Earth science organized around the principles of Understanding by Design (Wiggins & McTighe, 1998) in a sample of 53 teachers from a large urban district. Teachers were randomly assigned to a control group or to 1 of 3 conditions that varied with…
Descriptors: Units of Study, Earth Science, Faculty Development, Teacher Competencies
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Jurow, A. Susan; Hall, Rogers; Ma, Jasmine Y. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
This article examines how conversations during design reviews in which 8th-grade mathematics students shared population models with visiting specialists expanded the disciplinary expertise of the classroom. "Re-contextualizing" is a conversational exchange that visiting specialists initiated to invite groups to consider their models in novel…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Peer Evaluation, Middle School Students, Secondary School Mathematics
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Lindwall, Oskar; Lymer, Gustav – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
This study examines the practical work of a pair of students and an instructor using probeware in a mechanics lab. The aim of the study is to describe and discuss a type of interactional sequence that we refer to as "dark matter", the ordinary backdrop to the extraordinary sequences that are easily recognizable as clear-cut instances of learning.…
Descriptors: Graphs, Science Laboratories, Correlation, Physics
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Bernstein, Debra; Crowley, Kevin – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
Children's worlds are increasingly populated by intelligent technologies. This has raised a number of questions about the ways in which technology can change children's ideas about important concepts, like what it means to be alive or smart. In this study, we examined the impact of experience with intelligent technologies on children's ideas about…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Individual Characteristics, Concept Formation, Robotics
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Kirshner, Ben – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
Multiracial youth activism groups, based in working class and poor neighborhoods, seek to improve social conditions by organizing grassroots campaigns. Campaigns such as these, which require sophisticated planning, organizing, and advocacy skills, are noteworthy not just for their political impact, but also because of the insights they provide…
Descriptors: Empowerment, Neighborhoods, Working Class, Social Action
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Kolikant, Yifat Ben-David; Ben-Ari, Mordechai – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
We explain certain learning difficulties in computer science education as resulting from a clash between the students' culture as computer users and the professional computing culture. We propose the concept of fertile zones of cultural encounter as a way of overcoming these learning difficulties. This pedagogical approach aims to bridge the gap…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Learning Problems, Cultural Differences, Computer Uses in Education
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Nasir, Na'ilah Suad; Hand, Victoria – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
This study explored support for engagement in 2 settings: a high school basketball team and high school mathematics classrooms. Specifically, the study examined 3 aspects of these practices: (a) access to the domain, (b) opportunities to take on integral roles, and (c) opportunities for self-expression in the practice. Drawing on videotape and…
Descriptors: High Schools, Team Sports, Mathematics Instruction, African American Students
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Bailenson, Jeremy N.; Yee, Nick; Blascovich, Jim; Beall, Andrew C.; Lundblad, Nicole; Jin, Michael – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
This article illustrates the utility of using virtual environments to transform social interaction via behavior and context, with the goal of improving learning in digital environments. We first describe the technology and theories behind virtual environments and then report data from 4 empirical studies. In Experiment 1, we demonstrated that…
Descriptors: Computer Simulation, Computer Uses in Education, Social Cognition, Interpersonal Relationship
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Moschkovich, Judit N. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
This article examines a classroom discussion of multiple interpretations of the scales on two distance versus time graphs. The analysis describes how two students and a teacher used multiple meanings for phrases of the form "I went by" and coordinated these meanings with different views of the scales. Students' ambiguous and shifting meanings did…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Mathematical Concepts, Concept Formation
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Chiu, Ming Ming – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
Groups that created more correct ideas (correct contributions or CCs) might be more likely to solve a problem, and students' recent actions (micro-time context) might aid CC creation. 80 high school students worked in groups of 4 on an algebra problem. Groups with higher mathematics grades or more CCs were more likely to solve the problem. Dynamic…
Descriptors: Group Activities, Problem Solving, High School Students, Algebra
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