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Showing 151 to 165 of 317 results Save | Export
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Rosebery, Ann S.; Ogonowski, Mark; DiSchino, Mary; Warren, Beth – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
This article explores heterogeneity as fundamental to learning. Inspired by Bakhtin's notion of heteroglossia, a design team consisting of an experienced classroom teacher and 2 researchers investigated how a class of 3rd and 4th graders came to understand disciplinary points of view on heat, heat transfer, and the particulate nature of matter.…
Descriptors: Thermodynamics, Chemistry, Heat, Grade 4
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Zahn, Carmen; Pea, Roy; Hesse, Friedrich W.; Rosen, Joe – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
Working with digital video technologies, particularly advanced video tools with editing capabilities, offers new prospects for meaningful learning through design. However, it is also possible that the additional complexity of such tools does "not" advance learning. We compared in an experiment the design processes and learning outcomes…
Descriptors: Constructivism (Learning), Editing, Educational Technology, Word Processing
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Gupta, Ayush; Hammer, David; Redish, Edward F. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
In a series of well-known papers, Chi and Slotta (M. T. H. Chi, 1992, 2005; M. T. H. Chi & J. D. Slotta, 1993; M. T. H. Chi, J. D. Slotta, & N. de Leeuw, 1994; J. Slotta & M. T. H. Chi, 2006; J. D. Slotta, M. T. H. Chi, & E. Joram, 1995) have contended that a reason for students' difficulties in learning physics is that students…
Descriptors: Physics, Scientific Concepts, Models, Expertise
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Taber, Keith S.; Garcia-Franco, Alejandra – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
This article explores 11- to 16-year-old students' explanations for phenomena commonly studied in school chemistry from an inclusive cognitive resources or knowledge-in-pieces perspective that considers that student utterances may reflect the activation of knowledge elements at a range of levels of explicitness. We report 5 themes in student…
Descriptors: Physics, Chemistry, Learning Processes, Intuition
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Damsa, Crina I.; Kirschner, Paul A.; Andriessen, Jerry E. B.; Erkens, Gijsbert; Sins, Patrick H. M. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
This article reports on a qualitative study of the construct of shared epistemic agency, investigated in the context of collaborative instructional design activities of university students. The aim of the study is to shed light on the notion of shared epistemic agency and to create empirical grounding for its theoretical description. The current…
Descriptors: Instructional Design, Epistemology, College Students, Group Activities
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Chin, Christine; Osborne, Jonathan – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
This study explores how student-generated questions can support argumentation in science. Students were asked to discuss which of two graphs showing the change in temperature with time when ice is heated to steam was correct. Four classes of students, aged 12-14 years, from two countries, first wrote questions about the phenomenon. Then, working…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Questioning Techniques, Classroom Communication, Case Studies
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Elby, Andrew – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2009
Some researchers, including B. K. Hofer and P. R. Pintrich (1997) and W. A. Sandoval (2005), argue for defining "personal epistemology" as views about the nature of knowledge and knowing but not views about the nature of learning. Others continue using a more expansive definition of "personal epistemology" that includes views about learning. I…
Descriptors: Cognitive Structures, Epistemology, Definitions, Learning
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Zhang, Jianwei; Scardamalia, Marlene; Reeve, Richard; Messina, Richard – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2009
This article reports a design experiment conducted over three successive school years, with the teacher's goal of having his Grade 4 students assume increasing levels of collective responsibility for advancing their knowledge of optics. Classroom practices conducive to sustained knowledge building were co-constructed by the teacher and students,…
Descriptors: Optics, Educational Technology, Grade 4, Social Networks
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Sandoval, William A. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2009
Andrew Elby (this issue) argues that researchers in the field of personal epistemology should beware insistence on a narrow definition of epistemology to guide this work. His argument is a response to suggestions (Hofer & Pintrich, 1997; Sandoval, 2005) that the study of personal epistemology should focus on people's views about knowledge and…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Definitions, Cognitive Structures, Learning
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van Es, Elizabeth A. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2009
This study examines the nature of teacher participation in the context of a video club. Video clubs are professional development meetings in which teachers watch and discuss excerpts of video from their classrooms. In this study, I adopt a situative perspective to examine how teachers develop in their participation to accomplish the goals of the…
Descriptors: Teacher Participation, Clubs, Faculty Development, Professional Development
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Roth, Wolff-Michael; Thom, Jennifer S. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2009
Geometry, classification, and the classification of geometrical objects are integral aspects of recent curriculum documents in mathematics education. Such curriculum documents, however, leave open how the "work" of classifying objects according to geometrical properties can be accomplished given that the knowledge of these properties is the…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Classification, Geometry, Geometric Concepts
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Cobb, Paul; Zhao, Qing; Dean, Chrystal – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2009
This article focuses on 3 conceptual challenges that we sought to address while conducting a design experiment in which we supported the learning of a group of middle school mathematics teachers. These challenges involved (a) situating teachers' activity in the institutional setting of the schools and district in which they worked, (b) developing…
Descriptors: Mathematics Teachers, Faculty Development, Middle School Teachers, Research Methodology
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Esmonde, Indigo – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2009
Many mathematics classrooms use cooperative learning to support equitable learning environments for all students. Past research in the field has focused primarily on increasing achievement rather than on contexts that support equitable interactions. This year-long study in 3 secondary mathematics classes compares 2 activity structures--a group…
Descriptors: Group Activities, Cooperative Learning, Tests, Group Dynamics
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Izsak, Andrew; Caglayan, Gunhan; Olive, John – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2009
We describe how 1 Algebra I teacher and her 8th-grade students used meta-representational knowledge when generating and evaluating equations to solve word problems. Analyzing data from a sequence of 4 lessons, we found that the teacher and her students used criteria for evaluating equations, in addition to other types of knowledge (e.g., different…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Equations (Mathematics), Algebra, Mathematics Instruction
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Koschmann, Timothy; Zemel, Alan – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2009
The current article represents a methodological proposal. It seeks to address the question of how one might recognize a discovery as a discovery without knowing in advance what is available to be discovered. We propose a solution and demonstrate it using data from a study previously reported by J. Roschelle (1992). Roschelle investigated 2…
Descriptors: Computer Uses in Education, Mechanics (Physics), Scientific Principles, Computer Simulation
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