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Showing 136 to 150 of 317 results Save | Export
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Hammer, David; Gupta, Ayush; Redish, Edward F. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
The authors appreciate Professor Slotta's responding to their critique (Slotta, this issue). For their part, they believe that Professor Slotta has misinterpreted aspects of their position. In this commentary, the authors clarify two particular points. First, they explain their use of "static ontologies," which they maintain applies. Second, they…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Methods, Physics, Teaching Methods
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Slotta, James D. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
This article responds to an article by A. Gupta, D. Hammer, and E. F. Redish (2010) that asserts that M. T. H. Chi's (1992, 2005) hypothesis of an "ontological commitment" in conceptual development is fundamentally flawed. In this article, I argue that Chi's theoretical perspective is still very much intact and that the critique offered by Gupta…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Misconceptions, Criticism, Research Methodology
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Clark, Douglas B.; D'Angelo, Cynthia M.; Schleigh, Sharon P. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
This study investigates the ongoing debate in the conceptual change literature between unitary and elemental perspectives on students' knowledge structure coherence. More specifically, the current study explores two potential explanations for the conflicting results reported by Ioannides and Vosniadou (2002)and diSessa, Gillespie, and Esterly…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cognitive Structures, Physics, Coding
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Habgood, M. P. Jacob; Ainsworth, Shaaron E. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
The concept of "intrinsic motivation" lies at the heart of the user engagement created by digital games. Yet despite this, educational software has traditionally attempted to harness games as extrinsic motivation by using them as a sugar coating for learning content. This article tests the concept of "intrinsic integration" as…
Descriptors: Educational Games, Incentives, Student Motivation, Time on Task
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Schwarz, Baruch B.; Asterhan, Christa S. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
E-moderation has been a common practice in asynchronous discussions of postsecondary courses. We consider here e-moderation of synchronous discussions in the school context. We adopt a design research approach to elaborate an environment, the Argunaut system, that fits the reality of classrooms in which moderation of several small-group…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Synchronous Communication, Computer Mediated Communication, Educational Technology
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Metz, Kathleen E. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
This study examines first graders' epistemic reasoning, in tacit "practical epistemologies" reflected in thinking about an investigation of their own design. I analyzed children's epistemic reasoning, following a design experiment scaffolding increasing regulation of scientific inquiry in a domain they studied in depth. Participants…
Descriptors: Investigations, Familiarity, Interviews, Grade 1
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Roschelle, Jeremy; Bakia, Marianne; Toyama, Yukie; Patton, Charles – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
Linking research to a compelling societal interest can build financial commitments to research, bring increased attention to findings, and grow support for scaling up impacts. Among many compelling societal interests that learning scientists can cite--such as increasing the quality of life, preparing citizens to make decisions in a complex world,…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Relationship, Economic Progress, Quality of Life
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Barton, Angela Calabrese; Tan, Edna – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
This article investigates the development of agency in science among low-income urban youth aged 10 to 14 as they participated in a voluntary year-round program on green energy technologies conducted at a local community club in a midwestern city. Focusing on how youth engaged a summer unit on understanding and modeling the relationship between…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Urban Environment, Urban Youth, Low Income Groups
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Derry, Sharon J.; Pea, Roy D.; Barron, Brigid; Engle, Randi A.; Erickson, Frederick; Goldman, Ricki; Hall, Rogers; Koschmann, Timothy; Lemke, Jay L.; Sherin, Miriam Gamoran; Sherin, Bruce L. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
Focusing on expanding technical capabilities and new collaborative possibilities, we address 4 challenges for scientists who collect and use video records to conduct research in and on complex learning environments: (a) Selection: How can researchers be systematic in deciding which elements of a complex environment or extensive video corpus to…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Video Technology, Data Collection, Guidelines
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Etkina, Eugenia; Karelina, Anna; Ruibal-Villasenor, Maria; Rosengrant, David; Jordan, Rebecca; Hmelo-Silver, Cindy E. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
Design activities, when embedded in an inquiry cycle and appropriately scaffolded and supplemented with reflection, can promote the development of the habits of mind (scientific abilities) that are an important part of scientific practice. Through the Investigative Science Learning Environment ("ISLE"), students construct physics knowledge by…
Descriptors: Science Process Skills, Skill Development, Cognitive Processes, Apprenticeships
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Atwood, Sherrie; Turnbull, William; Carpendale, Jeremy I. M. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
Social interaction is important for the development of knowledge (M. Chapman, 1991). Social interaction, however, takes many forms, and J. Piaget (1977/1995) proposed that the construction of knowledge is facilitated in cooperative as opposed to constraining relationships. These views of knowledge development were drawn on in a study of classroom…
Descriptors: Discussion, Classroom Communication, Discourse Analysis, Interpersonal Relationship
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Monte-Sano, Chauncey – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
As the call for adolescent literacy grows louder, attention must be paid to the particular demands of each discipline if educators are to help students develop advanced literacy skills. The hallmarks of advanced literacy are specific to different fields of study. This article proposes a descriptive framework for adolescents' historical writing.…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Writing (Composition), Content Area Writing, United States History
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Wagner, Joseph F. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
Many approaches to the transfer problem argue that transfer depends on the recognition of the same or similar abstract "structure" in 2 different situations. However, mainstream cognitive perspectives and contrasting Piagetian constructivist accounts differ in their conceptualizations of structure. These differences, not clearly articulated in the…
Descriptors: Transfer of Training, Constructivism (Learning), Undergraduate Students, Mathematical Concepts
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Berti, Anna Emilia; Toneatti, Laura; Rosati, Veronica – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
Investigations of people's understanding of the evolution of species have focused mainly on secondary school and university students. Very few investigations have taken into consideration younger students, and none have related children's ideas about the origin of species to formal instruction on this topic. To help fill this gap, the present…
Descriptors: Evolution, Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 2
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Feil, Adam; Mestre, Jose P. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
Previous studies examining expertise have used a wide range of methods. Beyond characterizing expert and novice behavior in different contexts and circumstances, many studies have examined the processes that comprise the behavior itself and, more recently, processes that comprise training and practice that develop expertise. Other studies, dating…
Descriptors: Expertise, Physics, Change, Visual Perception
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