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Showing 1 to 15 of 42 results Save | Export
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Holbert, Nathan; Wilensky, Uri – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
In this article we propose that educational game design should work to create games as objects-to-think-with--games that engage players in the exploration of and experimentation with personally interesting questions around domain-relevant representations. We argue that this design focuses on developing tools and interactions that the player can…
Descriptors: Instructional Design, Educational Games, Video Games, Discovery Learning
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Krist, Christina; Schwarz, Christina V.; Reiser, Brian J. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Mechanistic reasoning, or reasoning systematically through underlying factors and relationships that give rise to phenomena, is a powerful thinking strategy that allows one to explain and make predictions about phenomena. This article synthesizes and builds on existing frameworks to identify essential characteristics of students' mechanistic…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Heuristics, Epistemology, Middle School Students
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Klahr, David – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Learning scientists often use Donald Stokes's influential characterization of the relation between basic and applied research in his book "Pasteur's Quadrant" to suggest that most of the work in the learning sciences lies, or should lie, at the intersection of both types of research, that is, in the cell that is epitomized by Pasteur's…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Scientists, Correlation, Science Education
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Russ, Rosemary S.; Berland, Leema K. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
A central goal of science education reform is for students to participate in scientific sense making rather than to merely acquire science facts. However, even in classrooms utilizing reform-based pedagogies, students are typically allowed to construct knowledge only insofar as they construct expected knowledge. In this report and reflection, we…
Descriptors: Science Education, Educational Change, Science Instruction, Concept Formation
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Walsh, Elizabeth M.; Tsurusaki, Blakely K. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
When engaging with socioscientific issues, learners act at the intersection of scientific, school, and other societal communities, drawing on knowledge, practices, and identities from both in and out of the classroom to address problems as national or global citizens. We present three case studies of high school students whose classroom…
Descriptors: Science and Society, Climate, Case Studies, High School Students
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Eberbach, Catherine; Crowley, Kevin – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
How do children begin to make the transition from seeing the natural world to scientifically observing the natural world? This study explored how differences in parent conversational strategies and disciplinary knowledge impact children's experience observing biological phenomena during shared informal learning. A total of 79 parent-child pairs…
Descriptors: Plants (Botany), Parent Child Relationship, Gardening, Recreational Facilities
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O'Neill, D. Kevin – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Several points of contrast are highlighted between design-based research (DBR) as often practiced within the learning sciences and design partnerships inspired by cultural-historical activity theory (CHAT). It is argued that learning scientists can improve their work by learning from CHAT-inspired DBR in 4 particular ways: (a) by recognizing the…
Descriptors: Research Design, Scholarship, Science Education, Cultural Context
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Greeno, James G. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
About two decades ago, Donald Stokes published "Pasteur's Quadrant" (Stokes, 1997). Stokes proposed that the motivations of different research projects can be understood as a two-dimensional system, with higher or lower concern for improving technology and practice on one dimension and higher or lower concern for improving fundamental…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Research Design, Research Methodology, Cultural Context
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Jaber, Lama Z.; Hammer, David – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Most accounts of affect and motivation in the science education literature have discussed them as relevant to, but distinct from, disciplinary pursuits. These include Pintrich's seminal work on affective and motivational factors in learning science (P. R. Pintrich, 1999, 2003; P. R. Pintrich & E. De Groot, 1990; P. R. Pintrich, R. W. Marx,…
Descriptors: Science Education, Intermediate Grades, Middle School Students, Science Interests
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Severance, Samuel; Penuel, William R.; Sumner, Tamara; Leary, Heather – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Cultural-historical activity theory (CHAT) approaches to intervention aim for transformative agency, that is, collective actions that expand and bring about new possibilities for activity. In this article, we draw on CHAT as a resource for organizing design research that promotes teachers' agency in designing new science curriculum materials. We…
Descriptors: Science Education, Science Instruction, Science Curriculum, Instructional Materials
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Levrini, Olivia; Fantini, Paola; Tasquier, Giulia; Pecori, Barbara; Levin, Mariana – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
The goal of this article is to contribute to understanding the interplay between students' disciplinary engagement and their identity construction. The term appropriation, borrowed from scholars in linguistics and education, was chosen to capture this broader sense of productive learning that sits at the nexus of disciplinary engagement and…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Self Concept, Learning, Discourse Analysis
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Raes, Annelies; Schellens, Tammy; De Wever, Bram – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
As secondary students' interest in science is decreasing, schools are faced with the challenging task of providing adequate instruction to engage students--and more particularly the disadvantaged students--to learn science and improve their science inquiry skills. In this respect, the integration of Web-based collaborative inquiry can be seen as a…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Secondary School Science, Inquiry, Skill Development
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Gobert, Janice D.; Sao Pedro, Michael; Raziuddin, Juelaila; Baker, Ryan S. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
We present a method for assessing science inquiry performance, specifically for the inquiry skill of designing and conducting experiments, using educational data mining on students' log data from online microworlds in the Inq-ITS system (Inquiry Intelligent Tutoring System; www.inq-its.org). In our approach, we use a 2-step process: First we use…
Descriptors: Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Science Education, Inquiry, Science Process Skills
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Gutwill, Joshua P.; Allen, Sue – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
Field trips to science museums can provide students with educational experiences, particularly when museum programs emphasize scientific inquiry skill building over content knowledge acquisition. We describe the creation and study of 2 programs designed to significantly enhance students' inquiry skills at any interactive science museum exhibit…
Descriptors: Field Trips, Museums, Educational Experience, Inquiry
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Berland, Leema K. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
Research and practice has placed an increasing emphasis on aligning classroom practices with scientific practices such as scientific argumentation. In this paper, I explore 1 challenge associated with this goal by examining how existing classroom practices influence students' engagement in the practice of scientific argumentation. To do so, I…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Educational Environment, Teaching Methods, Middle Schools
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