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Showing 1 to 15 of 40 results Save | Export
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Margulieux, Lauren E.; Catrambone, Richard – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Subgoal learning, a technique used to break down problem solving into manageable pieces, has been used to promote retention and transfer in procedural domains, such as programming. The primary method of learning subgoals has been passive, and passive learning methods are typically less effective than constructive methods. To promote constructive…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Learning Strategies, Logical Thinking, Guidance
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Chin, Doris B.; Blair, Kristen P.; Wolf, Rachel C.; Conlin, Luke D.; Cutumisu, Maria; Pfaffman, Jay; Schwartz, Daniel L. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Educators aim to equip students with learning strategies they can apply when approaching new problems on their own. Teaching design-thinking strategies may support this goal. A first test would show that the strategies are good for learning and that students spontaneously transfer them beyond classroom instruction. To examine this, we introduce…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Learning Strategies, Teaching Methods, Design
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Barbieri, Christina A.; Miller-Cotto, Dana; Booth, Julie L. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
The current study examined the effectiveness of self-explanation prompts, visual signaling cues, and a combination of the two features on middle school students' (N = 202) algebra learning. Also explored were the differential effects of features for students with faulty conceptual knowledge (evidenced by a higher prevalence of making errors during…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Algebra, Mathematics Instruction, Cues
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Easterday, Matthew W.; Aleven, Vincent; Scheines, Richard; Carver, Sharon M. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
How might we balance assistance and penalties to intelligent tutors and educational games that increase learning and interest? We created two versions of an educational game for learning policy argumentation called Policy World. The game (only) version provided minimal feedback and penalized students for errors whereas the game+tutor version…
Descriptors: Educational Games, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Policy, Persuasive Discourse
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Lewis, Katherine E. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Students with disabilities present a unique instructional design challenge. These students often have qualitatively different ways of processing information, meaning that standard instructional approaches may not be effective. In this study I present a case study of a student with a mathematical learning disability for whom standard instruction on…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Mathematics, Fractions, Case Studies
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Ottmar, Erin; Landy, David – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Learning algebra is difficult for many students in part because of an emphasis on the memorization of abstract rules. Algebraic reasoners across expertise levels often rely on perceptual-motor strategies to make these rules meaningful and memorable. However, in many cases, rules are provided as patterns to be memorized verbally, with little overt…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Algebra, Outcomes of Education, Learning Processes
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Ghousseini, Hala; Beasley, Heather; Lord, Sarah – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
Recently, attention has focused on identifying core instructional practices that could leverage novice teachers' development of professional knowledge and skill. To help novices learn to implement these practices, there is also increasing interest in developing enactment tools that could translate abstract conceptual tasks into more concrete…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Communities of Practice, Teacher Collaboration, Teaching Methods
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Jordan, Michelle E.; McDaniel, Reuben R., Jr. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
This study investigated how interaction with peers influenced the ways students managed uncertainty during collaborative problem solving in a 5th-grade class. The analysis focused on peer responses to individuals' attempts to manage uncertainty they experienced while engaged in collaborative efforts to design, build, and program robots and…
Descriptors: Robotics, Peer Influence, Cooperative Learning, Problem Solving
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Bereiter, Carl – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
The much-lamented gap between theory and practice in education cannot be filled by practical knowledge alone or by explanatory knowledge alone. Principled practical knowledge (PPK) is a type of knowledge that has characteristics of both practical know-how and scientific theory. Like basic scientific theory, PPK meets standards of explanatory…
Descriptors: Theory Practice Relationship, Educational Theories, Educational Practices, Educational Research
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Roll, Ido; Baker, Ryan S. J. d.; Aleven, Vincent; Koedinger, Kenneth R. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
Seeking the right level of help at the right time can support learning. However, in the context of online problem-solving environments, it is still not entirely clear which help-seeking strategies are desired. We use fine-grained data from 38 high school students who worked with the Geometry Cognitive Tutor for 2 months to better understand the…
Descriptors: Help Seeking, Comparative Analysis, Behavior Patterns, Intelligent Tutoring Systems
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Kapur, Manu – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
A total of 136 eighth-grade math students from 2 Singapore schools learned from either productive failure (PF) or vicarious failure (VF). PF students "generated" solutions to a complex problem targeting the concept of variance that they had not learned yet before receiving instruction on the targeted concept. VF students…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade 8, Mathematics Instruction, Failure
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Medina, Richard; Suthers, Daniel – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
We analyze the interaction of 3 students working on mathematics problems over several days in a virtual math team. Our analysis traces out how successful collaboration in a later session is contingent upon the work of prior sessions and shows how the development of representational practices is an important aspect of these participants' problem…
Descriptors: Secondary School Mathematics, Geometry, Secondary School Students, Interaction
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Jeppsson, Fredrik; Haglund, Jesper; Amin, Tamer G.; Stromdahl, Helge – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
A growing body of research has examined the experiential grounding of scientific thought and the role of experiential intuitive knowledge in science learning. Meanwhile, research in cognitive linguistics has identified many "conceptual metaphors" (CMs), metaphorical mappings between abstract concepts and experiential source domains,…
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Chemistry, Figurative Language, Cognitive Processes
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Baker, Ryan S.; Hershkovitz, Arnon; Rossi, Lisa M.; Goldstein, Adam B.; Gowda, Sujith M. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
We present a new method for analyzing a student's learning over time for a specific skill: analysis of the graph of the student's moment-by-moment learning over time. Moment-by-moment learning is calculated using a data-mined model that assesses the probability that a student learned a skill or concept at a specific time during learning (Baker,…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Probability, Skill Development
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Reed, Stephen K. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
Many types of learning require the mapping of information across situations. The proposed organizational framework extends the cognitive study of mappings across problems to include mappings across representations, solutions, and sociocultural contexts. I apply one-to-one, one-to-many, and partial mappings to analyze representative cases that…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Cognitive Processes, Logical Thinking, Information Transfer
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