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Showing 1 to 15 of 26 results Save | Export
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Krist, Christina; Schwarz, Christina V.; Reiser, Brian J. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Mechanistic reasoning, or reasoning systematically through underlying factors and relationships that give rise to phenomena, is a powerful thinking strategy that allows one to explain and make predictions about phenomena. This article synthesizes and builds on existing frameworks to identify essential characteristics of students' mechanistic…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Heuristics, Epistemology, Middle School Students
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Chin, Doris B.; Blair, Kristen P.; Wolf, Rachel C.; Conlin, Luke D.; Cutumisu, Maria; Pfaffman, Jay; Schwartz, Daniel L. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Educators aim to equip students with learning strategies they can apply when approaching new problems on their own. Teaching design-thinking strategies may support this goal. A first test would show that the strategies are good for learning and that students spontaneously transfer them beyond classroom instruction. To examine this, we introduce…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Learning Strategies, Teaching Methods, Design
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Barbieri, Christina A.; Miller-Cotto, Dana; Booth, Julie L. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
The current study examined the effectiveness of self-explanation prompts, visual signaling cues, and a combination of the two features on middle school students' (N = 202) algebra learning. Also explored were the differential effects of features for students with faulty conceptual knowledge (evidenced by a higher prevalence of making errors during…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Algebra, Mathematics Instruction, Cues
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Clark, Douglas B.; Tanner-Smith, Emily; Hostetler, Andrew; Fradkin, Aryah; Polikov, Vadim – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Much research focuses on what might be possible with digital games in the classroom. This study focuses on what is currently probable and typical. It uses a controlled quasi-experimental design to compare outcomes for students of 13 teachers in 10 diverse urban, suburban, and rural schools. The teachers integrated a set of 55 typical educational…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Educational Games, Video Games, Quasiexperimental Design
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Ramey, Kay E.; Uttal, David H. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Spatial thinking is important for success in engineering. However, little is known about "how" students learn and apply spatial skills, particularly in kindergarten to Grade 12 engineering learning. The present study investigated the role of spatial thinking in engineering learning at a middle school summer camp. Participants were 26…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, Middle School Students, Spatial Ability, Engineering Education
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Ottmar, Erin; Landy, David – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Learning algebra is difficult for many students in part because of an emphasis on the memorization of abstract rules. Algebraic reasoners across expertise levels often rely on perceptual-motor strategies to make these rules meaningful and memorable. However, in many cases, rules are provided as patterns to be memorized verbally, with little overt…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Algebra, Outcomes of Education, Learning Processes
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Hemberger, Laura; Kuhn, Deanna; Matos, Flora; Shi, Yuchen – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Central to argument are evidence-based claims, requiring coordination of a claim with evidence bearing on it. We advocate a dialogic approach to developing argument skills and in the work reported here examine the further scaffold of prompts that exemplify functions of evidence in relation to a claim. This scaffold was successful in accelerating…
Descriptors: Writing (Composition), Persuasive Discourse, Qualitative Research, Evidence
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Pinkard, Nichole; Erete, Sheena; Martin, Caitlin K.; McKinney de Royston, Maxine – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Women use technology to mediate numerous aspects of their professional and personal lives. Yet, few design and create these technologies given that women, especially women of color, are grossly underrepresented in computer science and engineering courses. Decisions about participation in STEM are frequently made prior to high school, and these…
Descriptors: Females, Middle School Students, Student Interests, STEM Education
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Jaber, Lama Z.; Hammer, David – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Most accounts of affect and motivation in the science education literature have discussed them as relevant to, but distinct from, disciplinary pursuits. These include Pintrich's seminal work on affective and motivational factors in learning science (P. R. Pintrich, 1999, 2003; P. R. Pintrich & E. De Groot, 1990; P. R. Pintrich, R. W. Marx,…
Descriptors: Science Education, Intermediate Grades, Middle School Students, Science Interests
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Sannino, Annalisa; Engeström, Yrjö; Lemos, Monica – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
This article examines formative interventions as we understand them in cultural-historical activity theory and reflects on key differences between this intervention research tradition and design-based research as it is conceived in the learning sciences tradition. Three projects, including 2 Change Laboratories, are analyzed with the help of…
Descriptors: Intervention, Transformative Learning, Learning Processes, Epistemology
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Heyd-Metzuyanim, Einat – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
This study uses a new communicational lens that conceptualizes the activity of learning mathematics as interplay between mathematizing and identifying in order to study how the emotional, social, and cognitive aspects of learning mathematics interact with one another. The proposed framework is used to analyze the case of Idit, a girl who started…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics Education, Academic Failure, Mathematics Achievement
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Sharples, Mike; Scanlon, Eileen; Ainsworth, Shaaron; Anastopoulou, Stamatina; Collins, Trevor; Crook, Charles; Jones, Ann; Kerawalla, Lucinda; Littleton, Karen; Mulholland, Paul; O'Malley, Claire – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
A central challenge for science educators is to enable young people to act as scientists by gathering and assessing evidence, conducting experiments, and engaging in informed debate. We report the design of the nQuire toolkit, a system to support scripted personal inquiry learning, and a study of its use with school students ages 11-14. This…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Science Experiments, Science Activities, Inquiry
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Sherin, Bruce – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
A large body of research in the learning sciences has focused on students' commonsense science knowledge--the everyday knowledge of the natural world that is gained outside of formal instruction. Although researchers studying commonsense science have employed a variety of methods, 1-on-1 clinical interviews have played a unique role. The data…
Descriptors: Informal Education, Computational Linguistics, Transcripts (Written Records), Interviews
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Martin, Taylor; Sherin, Bruce – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
The learning sciences community's interest in learning analytics (LA) has been growing steadily over the past several years. Three recent symposia on the theme (at the American Educational Research Association 2011 and 2012 annual conferences, and the International Conference of the Learning Sciences 2012), organized by Paulo Blikstein, led…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Learning Processes, Educational Research, Data Collection
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Gobert, Janice D.; Sao Pedro, Michael; Raziuddin, Juelaila; Baker, Ryan S. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
We present a method for assessing science inquiry performance, specifically for the inquiry skill of designing and conducting experiments, using educational data mining on students' log data from online microworlds in the Inq-ITS system (Inquiry Intelligent Tutoring System; www.inq-its.org). In our approach, we use a 2-step process: First we use…
Descriptors: Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Science Education, Inquiry, Science Process Skills
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