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Lavie, Irit; Sfard, Anna – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Conceptualizing numbers as discursive constructs generated in, and for the sake of, communication, we investigated the development of the numerical discourse of Milo, a boy who was 2 years and 8 months old when we first met him and whom we then followed for 18 months. Our analyses of the child's evolving responses to the question "Where is…
Descriptors: Numbers, Discourse Analysis, Males, Preschool Children
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Sengupta-Irving, Tesha; Enyedy, Noel – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
This article investigates why students reported liking a student-driven learning design better than a highly guided design despite equivalent gains in knowledge assessments in both conditions. We created two learning designs based on the distinction in the literature between student-driven and teacher-led approaches. One teacher assigned each of…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 5, Learner Controlled Instruction, Inquiry
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Roll, Ido; Baker, Ryan S. J. d.; Aleven, Vincent; Koedinger, Kenneth R. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
Seeking the right level of help at the right time can support learning. However, in the context of online problem-solving environments, it is still not entirely clear which help-seeking strategies are desired. We use fine-grained data from 38 high school students who worked with the Geometry Cognitive Tutor for 2 months to better understand the…
Descriptors: Help Seeking, Comparative Analysis, Behavior Patterns, Intelligent Tutoring Systems
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Kapur, Manu – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
A total of 136 eighth-grade math students from 2 Singapore schools learned from either productive failure (PF) or vicarious failure (VF). PF students "generated" solutions to a complex problem targeting the concept of variance that they had not learned yet before receiving instruction on the targeted concept. VF students…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade 8, Mathematics Instruction, Failure
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Habgood, M. P. Jacob; Ainsworth, Shaaron E. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
The concept of "intrinsic motivation" lies at the heart of the user engagement created by digital games. Yet despite this, educational software has traditionally attempted to harness games as extrinsic motivation by using them as a sugar coating for learning content. This article tests the concept of "intrinsic integration" as…
Descriptors: Educational Games, Incentives, Student Motivation, Time on Task
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Esmonde, Indigo – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2009
Many mathematics classrooms use cooperative learning to support equitable learning environments for all students. Past research in the field has focused primarily on increasing achievement rather than on contexts that support equitable interactions. This year-long study in 3 secondary mathematics classes compares 2 activity structures--a group…
Descriptors: Group Activities, Cooperative Learning, Tests, Group Dynamics
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Horn, Ilana Seidel – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2007
This article examines the social nature of teachers' conceptions by showing how teachers frame the "mismatch" of students' perceived abilities and the intended school curriculum through conversational category systems. This study compares the conversations of 2 groups of high school mathematics teachers addressing the Mismatch Problem…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Mathematics Teachers, Secondary School Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction